Reports and Books
Western Indian ocean environment outlook
United Nations Environment Programme

The western Indian ocean environmental outlook report is part of UNEP project to produce state of the environment assessments countries of the Caribbean , Indian ocean and pacific , funded by DG VII of European commission .


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2000
GEO
State of the Environment Report 2000 - GEO Barbados
Ministry of Physical Development and Environment - Barbados

The report is the first major synthesis document of its kind, since the 1992 Barbados National Report to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. The purpose of the present report is to provide an assessment of selected key environmental resources, indicators and themes, identified by a wide range of stakeholders to be of vital importance to Barbados, if the goal of sustainable development is to be achieved. The principal themes examined are land resources, energy and mineral assets, freshwater, coastal and marine resources, biodiversity, atmosphere and climate, and waste management. All of these are intrinsically linked to Barbados economic and social development. It is the Government's wish that the report should serve as an accurate source of information to all citizens, as well as international interests. It is also designed to provide a platform on which future analyses can be built and a yardstick against which Barbados' stewardship in the area of environmental resource management can be objectively assessed.


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2000
Reports and Books
Cleaner production assessment in dairy processing
United Nations Environment Programme

A guide to the application of Cleaner Production in the dairy industry, with a focus on the processing of milk and milk products at dairy processing plants. Its purpose is to raise awareness of the environmental impacts of dairy processing, and to highlight approaches that industry and government can take to avoid or minimise these impacts by adopting a Cleaner Production approach.


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2000
Reports and Books
Cleaner production assessment in meat processing
United Nations Environment Programme

A guide to the application of Cleaner Production to the meat processing industry, with a focus on the slaughtering of cattle and pigs at abattoirs. Its purpose is to raise awareness of the environmental impacts of meat processing, and to highlight approaches that industry and government can take to avoid or minimise these impacts by adopting a Cleaner Production approach.


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2000
Reports and Books
Kyrgyzstan Environmental Performance Reviews: Second Review
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

The review of Kyrgyzstan’s environmental performance highlighted the outstanding natural beauty of the country and the efforts and difficulties for environmental management to maintain it under difficult economic circumstances, which call for substantial changes in the economic structure and in production processes. It is hoped that Kyrgyz environmental management will find the methods for effective coordination with other national administrations in order to strengthen its contribution to a future sustainable development of the country.


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2000
Reports and Books
Louder lessons in technology transfer: lessons learned and case studies
United Nations Environment Programme

Successful technology transfer is a collaborative effort and should not take place in isolation. This document features case studies of successful projects that have transferred technology and phased out ozone depleting substances in order to protect the earth's ozone layer. It illustrates the experiences gained from these case studies, which could be potentially used for guiding the transfer of environmental technologies under other international conventions.


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2000
Reports and Books
Oil spill sensitivity of the western Indian Ocean islands: coastal data from the Comoros Islands, Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion and the Seychelles
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

The following pages are lists of endemic species for the five Indian Ocean countries. These lists contain some species which are not associated with coastal areas because the habitat use for species in the WCMC databases cannot currently be separated automatically. Therefore some of the species in these lists are unlikely to be threatened by an oil spill. WCMC has the information and expertise to identify the coastal||and marine endemic species, i.e. those species which are susceptible to oil spills, however there was not sufficient time allocated to allow this to be done.


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2000
Reports and Books
Overview of Land-based Pollutant Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine, Coastal, and Freshwater Environment in the Pacific Islands Regions. UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 174.
United Nations Environment Programme

This report provides a regional overview of the land-based pollutant sources and their impacts on the marine, coastal and freshwater resources of the South Pacific Region. This Overview is intended to provide the background for the Action Plan for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment in the Northwest Pacific Region. The Action Plan will be based primarily on the principles and guidelines that have existed since the Stockholm Conference, which have been endorsed by the UNEP Governing Council, and which have served the existing 11 Regional Seas Programmes well. However, these principles and guidelines are augmented somewhat and reinterpreted as a result of the UNCED declarations.


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2000
Reports and Books
Insight on common/key indicators for Global Vulnerability Mapping
United Nations Environment Programme

With growing infrastructures complexity, the world population is facing increasing environmental risks such as water, air and soil contamination due to organic, chemical or nuclear wastes and accidents. Human activities pressures natural habitat through agricultures practices and forest fires, leading to biodiversity losses. The vegetation removal increases the risks of extended floods and soil erosion occurrence. Adding to these human induced threats, natural hazards such as volcanic eruptions, cyclones, floods and earthquakes are causing more and more victims due to higher population densities. In order to prioritise the populations that are facing higher threats, maps showing risks could be a useful tool for decision makers. Whereas for a selected hazard mapping is easy to achieve at a local scale, the question is much more complex and controversial, if we speak of multiple hazards at a global scale. Some elements of discussion and approaches will be discussed in this presentation.


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2000
Reports and Books
A global overview of protected areas on the World Heritage list of particular importance for biodiversity
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This working paper provides a global overview of the current coverage of existing World Heritage Sites of particular importance for the conservation of biodiversity, and suggests existing protected areas of significant biodiversity value, which may merit future World Heritage nomination. In 1996, lUCN initiated a project to prepare a global strategy for Natural World Heritage sites, and as part of this process began to prepare a series of thematic global overviews on World Heritage site coverage. This document is an updated addition to these theme studies. A total of 141 sites, representing 65 countries and over 142 million ha of protected areas were identified as being of particular importance for biodiversity.


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2000