Reports and Books
A global overview of wetland and marine protected areas on the World Heritage List
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This working paper provides a global overview of the current coverage of existing World Heritage sites with wetland and marine values and suggests potential wetland areas which may merit future nomination to the World Heritage List. Wetlands are among the most productive natural environments on earth. They provide substantial social and economic benefits to humans as well as habitat for numerous species. With only an estimated 5.7 million sq. km of wetlands remaining in the world, they continue to be one of the most threatened biomes.


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1997
Reports and Books
A global overview of forest protected areas on the World Heritage List.
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This working paper provides a global overview of the current coverage of forest protected areas on the World Heritage List and suggests potential forest areas which may merit future nomination to this prestigious List. Despite the essential role that forests play in climate control, flora and fauna habitat, and in the lives of the human population, they continue to be one of the most threatened biomes. Recent estimates indicate that nearly 50% of the world's original forest cover has been lost and over 4.000 tree species have been listed by lUCN as globally threatened. This working paper identifies the 61 forest protected areas currently on the World Heritage List, representing 39 countries and over 50 million ha of protected area. It further locates 25 potential forest protected areas from various global regions which may merit future World Heritage nomination. The 61 sites are categorized by forest type (tropical moist, tropical dry. sub-tropical, temperate and boreal) and biogeographical realm and numbered to provide the reader easy reference to the tables, figures and maps.


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1997
Reports and Books
Slovenia Environmental Performance Reviews
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

The ECE Committee on Environmental Policy launched the Environmental Performance Review of Slovenia in January 1996. Two months later, the preparatory mission for the project was organized, and a team of both national and ECE experts was formed to carry out the review.


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1997
Serials
Ozonaction newsletter no. 22
United Nations Environment Programme

Newsletter dedicated to the protection of the ozone layer and implementation of Montreal Protocol. This is a quarterly publication which details Ozone action programme under the multilateral fund.


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1997
Reports and Books
Opportunistic Settlers and the Problem of the Ctenophore Mnemiopsis Leidyi Invasion in the Black Sea. GESAMP Reports and Studies No. 58
Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP)

Opportunistic Settlers and the Problem of the Ctenophore Mnemiopsis Leidyi Invasion in the Black Sea


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1997
Manuals and Guides
Technical guidelines on wastes comprising or containing PCBs, PCTs;PBBs
United Nations Environment Programme

This Guideline addresses the three classes of PCBs, PCTs and PBBs. PCBs represent by far the most significant group in terms of quantities originally produced, the volumes of waste requiring disposal, and the environmental significance of past, present and future waste disposal practices. PCBs have been studied much more than PCTs and PBBs, and hence the information available relates mainly to PCBs. In may respects, the three groups of substances display similar characteristics, and can cause similar problems if not handled properly.


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1997
Manuals and Guides
Environmental management in oil and gas exploration and production
United Nations Environment Programme

These guidelines provide an overview of environmental issues in the oil and gas exploration and production industry, and of the best approaches to achieving high environmental performance in all parts of the world. Management systems and practices, technologies and procedures are described that prevent and minimize impact.


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1997
Reports and Books
Pro-poor tourism: harnessing the world's largest industry for the world's poor
United Nations Environment Programme

Tourism is one of the world's largest industries, generating an estimated 11%1 of global Gross Domestic Product (GDP), employing 200 million people and transporting nearly 700 million international travellers per year a figure that is expected to double by 2020. Developing countries currently have only a minority share of the international tourism market (approximately 30%) but this is growing. International tourism arrivals in developing countries have grown by an average of 9.5% per year since 1990, compared to 4.6% worldwide. The tourism industry makes important contributions to the economies of developing countries, particularly to foreign exchange earnings, employment, and GDP.


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1997
Reports and Books
Implications of Proposed CO2 Emissions Limitations
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

This technical report is aimed at providing information on the implications of Annex I country CO2 emissions for global CO2 emissions and the consequences of these emissions limitations for CO2 concentration. This report gives a summary of the results of this study looking at various factors namely: emissions, stabilization, concentration and temperature and sea level. A comprehensive description and quantification of emissions limitation proposals is made by the report. It also discusses global emissions under the emissions limitation proposals relative to the requirements of the CO2 concentration stabilization (Article 2 of the Framework Convention on Climate Change). It also presents a proposal on emissions limitations relative to stabilization requirements. The results of calculations for the consequences on the global mean temperature and sea level as a result of the proposed CO2 emissions limitations is also presented in this report.


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1997
Manuals and Guides
Technical Guidelines on Hazardous Waste from the Production and Use of Organic Solvents (Y6)
United Nations Environment Programme, Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements on Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

These technical guidelines are principally meant to provide guidance to countries who are building their capacity to manage waste in an environmentally sound and efficient way and in their development of detailed procedures or waste management plan or strategy. They should not be used in isolation by the competent authorities for consenting to or rejecting a transboundary movement of hazardous waste, as they are not sufficiently comprehensive for environmentally sound management of hazardous waste and other waste as defined by the Basel Convention. These technical guidelines concern waste generated nationally and disposed of at the national level as well as waste imported as a result of a transboundary movement, or arising from the treatment of imported wastes.


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1997