Tagged on: Chapters and Articles

Chapters and Articles
Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland - Executive Summary and Introduction
United Nations Environment Programme

A major new independent scientific assessment, carried out by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), shows that pollution from over 50 years of oil operations in the region has penetrated further and deeper than many may have supposed. The assessment has been unprecedented. Over a 14-month period, the UNEP team examined more than 200 locations, surveyed 122 kilometers of pipeline rights of way, reviewed more than 5,000 medical records and engaged over 23,000 people at local community meetings. The environmental restoration of Ogoniland could prove to be the world's most wide-ranging and long term oil clean-up exercise ever undertaken if contaminated drinking water, land, creeks and important ecosystems such as mangroves are to be brought back to full, productive health. The report key findings are alarming both in terms of human health protection and environmental protection.


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Chapters and Articles
Human Capital: Educational Attainment Progress - Inclusive Wealth Report 2018: Measuring Sustainability ad Well-being Chapter 6
Fraumani, Barbara, Liu, Gang

This chapter, by using numerical estimates based mainly on the latest Barro-Lee data set (Barro and Lee, 2016), tries to investigate educational attainment progress across major regions in the world, and over the time period of 1950 to 2010. We also investigate what has been achieved during this period, with reference to the educational attainment gender gaps, and age differences in different regions. As the quality of education matters as well as the average years of schooling, discussions are also provided about how the quality side of educational attainment is practically taken into account.


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Global environment outlook (GEO), Chapters and Articles
Land and Soil Policy - Global Environment Outlook (GEO-6): Healthy Planet, Healthy People Chapter 15
United Nations Environment Programme

This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the current Land and Soil policy framework and the related shortcomings, especially in terms of policy cohesion and implementation, as well as overall effectiveness. The subsequent sections present case studies of different sets of legal and policy instruments, economic tools and incentives, as well as policies and programmes implemented across different countries. The case studies were selected based on the criteria of regional balance, different spatial scales, type of policies and/or governance arrangements, plus their relevance to state and trends of land resources as detailed in Chapter 8 of this report.


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Summaries, Chapters and Articles
Global Mercury Assessment 2018: Key Findings
United Nations Environment Programme

This summary document presents the main findings of the technical document in plain language. Recognizing the relevance of the results of the Global Mercury Assessment 2018 for policy makers, this section presents key findings of highest policy relevance.


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Algeria
United Nations Environment Programme

The population of Algeria in 2013 was just over 39 million (Table 1). In 2015, total production of electricity in the country was 65,588 ktoe with most (99.3 per cent) produced from fossil fuels. Generation from renewable sources is almost negligible. Final consumption of electricity has been increasing over the years from a low of 18,595 ktoe in 2009 to 54,313 ktoe in 2015


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Morocco
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2015, total electricity production was 3,733 ktoe, with 86.1 per cent from fossil fuels, 8.09 per cent from hydro and 5.7 per cent from solar and wind. Final electricity consumption was 2,630 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Malawi
United Nations Environment Programme

By 2013, the population of Malawi was 16.19 million. In 2015, total electricity produced was 252 ktoe of which 98.4 per cent came from hydro sources (Table 2). In the same year, the final consumption of electricity was 148 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Chapters and Articles
The Emissions Gap and its Implications - The Emissions Gap Report 2017 Chapter 3
den Elzen, Michel, Höhne, Niklas, Jiang, Kejun, Cantzler, Jasmin, Drost, Philip, Fransen, Taryn, Fekete, Hanna, Kuramochi, Takeshi, Lee, David, Levin, Kelly, Rogelj, Joeri, Sha, Fu, Schaeffer, Michiel, Vrontisi, Zoi

This chapter provides an update on the mitigation challenge associated with the global temperature goal of the Paris Agreement, and the estimated global emission levels under various assumptions regarding the implementation of current policies and NDCs or INDCs (hereafter referred to as NDCs, unless specifically mentioned in relation to a country that has not ratified the Paris Agreement).


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Liberia
United Nations Environment Programme

By 2013, Liberia had a population of 4.29 million. In 2015, Liberia produced 41 ktoe of electricity of which 53.6 per cent was from hydro, 24.3 per cent from fossil fuels and 21.4 per cent from biofuels and waste. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 3 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Egypt
United Nations Environment Programme

Egypt has a large population, which was 82.06 million in 2013. In 2015, the total production of electricity was 16,504 ktoe of which 90.7 per cent is from fossil fuels. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 13,385 ktoe. Consumption by industry was 2.4 per cent (AFREC, 2015).


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