Tagged on: Resource efficiency

Reports and Books
Design options for a sustainable financial sector: Lessons from inclusive banking experiments
United Nations Environment Programme

Over 200 years ago, Adam Smith put forward the notion that individuals seeking to benefit themselves through trade were led as if by an invisible hand to a situation in which society as a whole could benefit. It can be argued, however, that social objectives such as sustainability, and inclusiveness, do not emerge spontaneously through market forces. Such outcomes have to be designed through legal structures and institutions. In other words, for the invisible hand to operate, there needs to be a visible hand behind it. The financial inclusion experiment in South Africa provides lessons for the design of the type of financial sector required for the transition from greed to green. "


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2015
Reports and Books
The State of Food Insecurity in the World
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, IFAD and WFP

This year´s annual State of Food Insecurity in the World report takes stock of progress made towards achieving the internationally established hunger targets, and reflects on what needs to be done, as we transition to the new post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda.


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2015
Reports and Books
Green energy choices: The benefits, risks and trade-offs of low-carbon technologies for electricity production: Summary for policy makers
United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents an assessment of the impacts of nine main electricity production technologies on human health, ecosystem health and resource use, taking a life-cycle approach. It covers coal and gas with and without CCS, photovoltaic power, concentrated solar power, hydropower, geothermal, and wind power.


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2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 2: Green Funds
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detailed report on one of the fourteen recommenda4ions complements the main report."


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2015
Reports and Books
Investing in Natural Capital for a Sustainable Future in the Greater Mekong Subregion
Asian Development Bank

Natural capital has been a key contributor to the subregion’s rapid economic growth over the past 3 decades or so. However, the subregion’s key natural capital stocks are in a state of decline. This is evident by the degradation of arable land||considerable losses in forests, wetlands, and mangroves||and many species of fauna and flora becoming endangered or even extinct. The Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) is poised to continue developing at a significant pace.


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2015
Reports and Books
Environmental sustainability for human well-being in the Post 2015 Development Agenda
United Nations Environment Programme

Environmental sustainability is a prerequisite for sustained and irreversible socioeconomic development and poverty eradication. The present information note focuses on the interlinkages between the environmental, social and economic dimensions. Five key transformational issues can be synthesized from a review of these interlinkages.


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2015
Reports and Books
The State of Food and Agriculture
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, yet many others lag behind and the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger. Many developing countries increasingly recognize that social protection measures are needed to relieve the immediate deprivation of people living in poverty and to prevent others from falling into poverty when a crisis strikes.


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2015
Programme Performance Reports
UNEP Programme Performance Report 2013
United Nations Environment Programme

The 2012-2013 biennium completed the implementation of the first Medium-Term Strategy of UNEP for the period 2010-2013. For the first time in the history of the organization, results-based management principles were fully applied throughout the programme cycle, from planning to monitoring and evaluating our implementation. UNEP’s performance against Expected Accomplishments in the Programme of Work for the biennium 2012-2013 shows: - 64 per cent achieved on schedule||- 85 per cent of indicator targets that were achieved were over-exceeded||- 30 per cent partially achieved with work still underway in some cases. Financial (and human)||resources are not always available at the beginning of the biennium as funds are mobilized during the biennium in which results are to be achieved, sometimes affecting the pace of the organization’s delivery and expenditure rates||- 6 per cent not achieved, owing to indicators that were not possible to measure and were substituted with alternative performance measurements.


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2014
Serials
Sustainable consumption and production and the SDGs : UNEP Post 2015 Note 2
United Nations Environment Programme

Achieving sustainable consumption and production patterns is not just an environmental issue||it is about maintaining the natural capital and hence productivity and capacity of our planet to meet human needs and sustains economic activities.


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2014
Reports and Books
Financial System Impact of Disruptive Innovation
United Nations Environment Programme

This report examines disruptive innovations and their implications for the design of a green and inclusive financial system – innovations driven by top-down, centralised innovation in policy and regulation or by bottom-up, decentralised financial market innovation||innovations stimulated by long-terms shifts in environmental and social factors or technological innovations. The scale of the challenge of the transition to such a system calls for flexibility and experimentation with a diverse set of policy approaches."


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2014