Tagged on: Resource efficiency

Reports and Books
Green Jobs: Towards Sustainable Work in a Low-Carbon World
Worldwatch Institute (Michael Renner) and Cornell Labour Institute (Sean Sweeney, Jill Kubit)

The following report, produced by Worldwatch Institute (September 2008), has compiled evidence of green jobs available currently and how a 'green' economy could create and transform jobs in the future. Split into three broad sections, the report covers a wide scope of issue such as what is counted as a 'green' job, the availability of green jobs now, concerns over quantity and quality, policies that should be established to regulate green jobs, economic stimulus through green jobs and measures to ensure a 'Just Transition'. The report concludes with a list of the present flourishing green job sectors, though cautions that while the potential is there for further green job growth, the challenges are still formidable.


Download: English
2008
Programme/policy document
Programme Document for Sustainable Consumption and Production in Maputo and Matola Cities
Mozambique National Cleaner Production Centre

This document describes the SCP programmes of Maputo and Matola


Download: English
2007
Programme/policy document
Ten Year Programme on Sustainable Consumption and Production for Tanzania
Cleaner Production Centre of Tanzania

This document describes the national SCP programme of Tanzania


Download: English
2007
Reports and Books
Protected areas: an effective tool to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

Forests play a key role in the global carbon cycle, absorbing and storing carbon in their biomass and soils. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) discussions on reducing emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) in developing countries result from a recognition of the substantial greenhouse gas emissions resulting from deforestation, especially in the tropics. Depending on the method of forest clearing and the subsequent use of the felled trees and land, deforestation not only releases the carbon stored in the above ground biomass, but leads to decomposition of roots and mobilization of soil carbon. Global greenhouse gas emissions from changes in land use, including tropical deforestation, are estimated to make up around 20% of annual global emissions from all sources (IPCC 2007), though there is a high level of uncertainty attached to the precise figure. Forest fragmentation and degradation also increase the risk of forest fires, which release further carbon emissions and increase susceptibility to future fires (Cochrane & Schulze 1999). Retaining and restoring forested areas is therefore a crucial climate change mitigation strategy.


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2006
Reports and Books
Class of 2006: Industry Report Cards on Environment and Social Responsibility
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP invited business initiatives and industry associations to prepare sectoral Report Cards for discussions on 'Industrial Development' at the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD14) in May 2006. This process, involving business and industry associations contributing 30 Report Cards, builds on the 22 industry sector reports prepared for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). The publication presents the Report Cards in four clusters of sectors: extractive industries, manufacturing industries, services and infrastructure. Each presents an update by industry on progress made towards sustainable development and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation since 2002. An overview chapter by UNEP provides an initial assessment and suggests next steps for a multistakeholder dialogue and process leading to ongoing discussions at CSD15 on industrial development and business responsibility.


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2006
Programme/policy document
The African 10 Year Framework Programme on Sustainable Consumption and Production
United Nations Environment Programme

This document describes the African 10 Year Framework Programme on Sustainable Consumption and Production


Download: English, French
2005
Reports and Books
Facing the Facts: Assessing the Vulnerability of Africa's Water Resources to Environmental Change
United Nations Environment Programme, Pan African START Secretariat

Africa's high dependence on natural resources makes its people vulnerable to environmental change. Acknowledging this, UNEP and START initiated a study in Feb. 2003 - (Vulnerability of Water Resources to Environmental Change in Afica). In the publication 4 regional groups of researchers address the vulnerability issue in Southern, Eastern, Western and Northern Africa by means of selected river/lake/groundwater,basins according to natural (physuigraphic) anthropogenic (socio-economic) and management criteria. The basin was selected as a key unit for assessment because it balances resource protection and utilisation and it considers all components of the hydrological cycle. Finally, the assessments undertaken clearly show that water resounces in Africa are at risk, now and even more in the future.


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2005
Reports and Books
Research on Eco-Towns in Japan: Implications and Lessons for Developing Countries and Cities
Global Environment Centre Foundation

Eco-towns in Japan were developed in the last 10 years by utilizing regional technology and industry in Japan. Local governments and enterprises have worked in partnership to build such complexes. Eco-towns have enabled a number of developmental objectives to be met simultaneously. It has helped to stimulate the local economy, secure employment, as well as dispose waste in an environmentally sound manner, and protect air and water resources. A number of lessons have been learnt in the setting up of such eco towns in Japan, not only within these eco-towns, but also on the cities where they are located. This report focuses on identifying the key lessons learnt in the setting up of the eco-towns. These lessons will help in the development of step-by-step guidelines that will help local / national governments to set up eco-towns in their countries. The report was produced by the Global Environment Centre Foundation with inputs from IETC.


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2005
Reports and Books
Measuring progress: Environmental Goals & Gaps
United Nations Environment Programme
Download: English
2005
Reports and Books
Aerial Survey of the Threats to Mt. Kilimanjaro Forests
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme, United Nations Foundation, Kenya Wildlife Service, University of Bayreuth, Wildlife Conservation Association of Tanzania.

This aerial survey report highlights some destruction of natural resources on Mt. Kilimanjaro. The report shows the type and extent of forest destruction that has taken place so far in the Forest Reserve, most of which are directly attributable to human activities.


Download: English
2002