Tagged on: Resource efficiency

Reports and Books
The Uganda Atlas - Evidence of Uganda's changing environment
National Enviornment Management Authority (NEMA)

The Uganda Atlas of Our Changing Environment, prepared by the National Environmental Management Authority of Uganda, provides extensive scientific evidence of Uganda's changing environment. Modelled after Africa: Atlas of our Changing Environment previously published by UNEP, the Uganda Atlas seeks to safeguard the country's environment and inspire decision makers to action.


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2012
Reports and Books
Greening the Blue Helmets: Environment, Natural Resources and UN Peacekeeping Operations
United Nations Environment Programme

This report aims to provide a comprehensive overview of how peacekeeping operations affect and are affected by natural resources and environmental conditions. The report is divided into two main parts. Part 1 reviews the environmental management of peacekeeping operations and showcases good practices, technologies and behaviours that have already been adopted. Part 2 examines the role that peacekeeping operations have played in stabilizing countries where violent conflicts have been financed by natural resources – including diamonds, gold, timber and oil – or driven by grievances over their ownership, access and control.


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2012
Reports and Books
Releasing the Pressure Water Resource Efficiencies and Gains for Ecosystem Services
United Nations Environment Programme, Stockholm Environment Institute

This report uses various cases to illustrate how to broaden the concept of water productivity and ecosystem services. It suggests ways in which water productivity can be used for addressing more balanced water resource management, so as to achieve multiple benefits for local people. It complements the recent collaboration between UNEP-IWMI on the ecosystem services approach to water and food security and UNEP-Stockholm Environment Institute collaborations on rainwater harvesting. With future challenges in water supply affected by climate change, and increasing demand by population growth and development, water will be a critically restricted resource for a growing number of people. This report forms the next contribution to the important issue on how to enhance the productive use of water for multiple needs.


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2012
Reports and Books
RIVAMP training 2012 tutorial manual
United Nations Environment Programme

RiVAMP is a methodology set up by UNEP to identify and quantify the role of ecosystems for DRR and CCA. The pilote study on the role of ecosystems for mitigating beach erosion in Negil, Jamaica is considered by many in this field as a reference. In order to disseminate the RiVAMP methodology, a training was prepared. It is based on free open-source software. The RiVAMP training was provided in Kingston at the University of West Indies in December 2011. 21 experts participated to learn how to conduct a RiVAMP analysis. This training concentrates on coastal ecosystems. UNEP is now providing free on-line access to the RiVAMP methodology (tutorial), a set of data for following the exercises, as well as free OpenSource software, allowing any GIS experts train themselves on the RiVAMP methodology and to complete all the analysis.


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2012
Reports and Books
Sustainable Consumption and Production in Africa 2002-2012
United Nations Environment Programme

Africa has been the region in the lead for implementing SCP and the launch of the African 10-Year FrameworkProgramme (10-YFP) on Sustainable Consumption andProduction (SCP) demonstrated the commitment toimplement SCP activities in Africa. The development of national and local SCP programmes in several Africancountries has laid the ground for emphasising the importance of SCP in achieving sustainable development in Africa. The support provided by the Marrakech TaskForce on Cooperation with Africa in promoting SCP inthe region shows that partnership is very important in achieving sustainable development and alleviation of poverty in Africa. This publication provides a timely overview of activities on sustainable consumption and production in Africathat have been on-going during the past ten years. Themajority of these activities were implemented under the African 10-YFP on SCP. With the adoption of the global 10-YFP on SCP at Rio+20 there will be a platform to enhance cooperation and scale up support for the implementation of SCP patterns through existing regional initiatives including the African framework programme.


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2012
Reports and Books
Application of the Sustainability Assessment of Technologies Methodology: Guidance Manual, Nov 2012
United Nations Environment Programme

When making decisions on investments, economic considerations often takes precedence over environmental and social factors. This may lead to unsustainable decisions and investments.The SAT methodology guidance manual aims at providing decision makers with the right analysis to select the appropriate technology, from a combined economic, social, environmental and technical perspective.


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2012
Reports and Books
Surface Freshwater Quality in Brazil: Outlook 2012: Executive Summary
Agncia Nacional de guas (ANA), Inter-American Development Bank, National Water Agency

Brazil is home to 12% of the surface freshwater available in the world, one of the countrys greatest assets. Water availability, however, is not restricted to its quantitative aspect alone. The various uses of water entail quality requirements that when failed to be met represent a limiting factor for its use. Therefore, the main goal of the National Water Resources Policy is to ensure the current generation as well as future generations the necessary water availability, with quality standards suitable for the respective uses. Knowing the quality of water is an essential factor for managing it. The National Water Agency (ANA) has published information on water quality in the country using data from state monitoring networks. The document Surface Freshwater Quality in Brazil Outlook 2012 represents an impressive evolution from the publication of 2005, mainly with respect to the increase in the number of monitoring points and water quality indicators used. The study also uses the Pressure-State-Response model, which enables identifying the cause and effect relationships between sources of pollution, water quality indices and civil societys responses to these problems. The study also presents an unprecedented assessment of water quality in the period 2001-2010. This Executive Summary presents the national vision of the full version in Portuguese of the Surface Freshwater Quality in Brazil Outlook 2012 and is available in both English and Spanish.


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2012
Reports and Books
Food Security in the Horn of Africa: The Implications of a Drier Hotter and More Crowded Future - UNEP global environmental alert service: November 2011
United Nations Environment Programme

Nearly 44 per cent of the population in the Horn of Africa is already subject to extreme food shortages. What will happen if the population continues to grow and climate change exacerbates the harsh conditions?


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2011
Programme/policy document
National Programme on Sustainable Consumption and Production for Zambia
Environmental Council of Zambia

This document describes the national SCP programme of Zambia


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2011
Reports and Books
Green Economy Vulnerable to Rare Earth Minerals Shortages - UNEP Global Environmental Alert Service (GEAS) - January 2011
United Nations Environment Programme

Rare earth elements (REE) include the 17 elements on the periodic table of chemical elements. Industrial demand for these elements is small in terms of volume but they are essential for a wide and growing array of green technology and security uses. REEs are important parts of defense technologies such as radar and sonar systems precision-guided weapons cruise missiles and lasers for example. They are also especially critical for the expanding energy efficiency and renewable energy industries. Lanthanum for example is used in batteries for hybrid cars. Other REEs are used in magnets for electric generators in wind turbines and in coloured phosphors for energy-efficient lighting (Long and others 2010). Today clean energy technologies account for about 20 per cent of global REE consumption but as the demand for them increases their share of critical rare earth minerals is likely to grow (US DoE 2010).


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2011