Tagged on: Disasters and conflict

Chapters and Articles
Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland - Executive Summary and Introduction
United Nations Environment Programme

A major new independent scientific assessment, carried out by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), shows that pollution from over 50 years of oil operations in the region has penetrated further and deeper than many may have supposed. The assessment has been unprecedented. Over a 14-month period, the UNEP team examined more than 200 locations, surveyed 122 kilometers of pipeline rights of way, reviewed more than 5,000 medical records and engaged over 23,000 people at local community meetings. The environmental restoration of Ogoniland could prove to be the world's most wide-ranging and long term oil clean-up exercise ever undertaken if contaminated drinking water, land, creeks and important ecosystems such as mangroves are to be brought back to full, productive health. The report key findings are alarming both in terms of human health protection and environmental protection.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Impact Assessment: AMISOM Camps, Mogadishu, Somalia
United Nations Environment Programme, Swedish Defense Research Agency

This EIA provides an assessment of potential positive and negative impacts of the construction and operation of proposed bases on the human, physical and ecological environment. This includes (to the extent possible given the resources available) socioeconomics; community infrastructure and services; health, safety and security issues; natural resources; pollution of air, soil and water resources; and impacts on biodiversity as well as any endangered species of flora and fauna.


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Reports and Books
Water Resource Management in Humanitarian Programming in Darfur: The Case for Drought Preparedness - Report of the UNEP Mission to Review Water Resource Management at IDP Camps and Host Communities in Darfur during February & March 2008
United Nations Environment Programme

This report summarises the findings of a review of water resource management in internally displaced person (IDP) camps and host communities in Darfur undertaken by UNEP in February and March 2008. The report has assessed information relating to IDP camps and host communities but stresses that an integrated approach addressing water needs for all users in Darfur is needed.


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Manuals and Guides
Planning, construction and operation of water harvesting structures in South Sudan: Technical Guidelines
United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, South Sudan, Ministry of Electricity, Dams, Irrigation and Water Resources, United Nations Peacebuilding Support Office

These guidelines are intended to to maximize impacts on conflict reduction and peacebuilding, and to contribute to capacity building in the planning and implementation of WH interventions by the Government and other stakeholders through training and knowledge sharing.


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Reports and Books
Haiti: South Department Forest Energy supply Chain
United Nations Environment Programme

This report assesses the socioeconomics of charcoal production in Haiti’s rural South Department as well as potential solutions to prevent the harvesting of valuable tree species and to reduce pressure for wood from key coastal ecosystems. It provides the results of extensive surveying of the charcoal and firewood supply chains from their origin in the South Department to the main markets of Les Cayes and Port-au-Prince. It then assesses and identifies several significant opportunities for UNEP to intervene and add value in the forest energy sector in the South Department.


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Reports and Books
UNEP in Iraq: Post-conflict Assessment, Clean-up and Reconstruction
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is a compilation of the various activities undertaken by UNEP in Iraq between 2003 and 2006. Its objectives are i) to provide a complete description of the various activities undertaken by UNEP in Iraq between 2003 and 2006; ii) To make an objective assessment of the impacts of UNEP’s intervention; and iii) To document the lessons learned by UNEP in implementing activities in a complex situation such as Iraq.


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Reports and Books
River Partners: Applying Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction (Eco-DRR) in Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in the Lukaya Basin, Democratic Republic of the Congo
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2013-2016, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the European Commission (EC) supported a pilot demonstration project on Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction (Eco-DRR) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The Eco-DRR project aimed to reduce flood and gully erosion risks and support community livelihoods through applying Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in the Lukaya River basin, located in the outskirts of the capital Kinshasa. The project clearly demonstrated that Eco-DRR can be successfully applied through an IWRM framework. The overall success of the field demonstrations is evident by the strong community uptake of the interventions for their multiple benefits, including soil stabilization, flood and gully erosion risk reduction, as well as boosting agricultural yields and household incomes.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
On the Hoof: Livestock Trade in Darfur - Policy Briefing Paper
United Nations Environment Programme

This paper highlights the impact of conflict on the livestock trade in Darfur and outlines ways in which that trade can be supported in the future, to benefit livelihoods and the economy in Darfur and nationally. It is based on a research report (UNEP, 2012 ‘On the Hoof: Livestock Trade in Darfur’).


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Reports and Books
Alternative Domestic Energy Options for Darfur: A Review
United Nations Environment Programme

The main objective of the Darfur Alternative Energy Project (DAEP) was to undertake a review of the current situation, including an economic and policy analysis, with a view to identifying viable and appropriate alternative energy options that could reduce the consumption of fuelwood and charcoal and hence slow deforestation in Darfur. This review is based on extensive background research, consultations and field missions.


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Reports and Books
Iraq institutional Capacity Assessment Report
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP initiated this institutional assessment of the Ministry of Environment as part of its project for Strengthening Environmental Governance in Iraq. The assessment found the Iraqi Ministry of Environment to be fully operational, with competent staff and functioning legislation. While its work covers all areas of environmental management, including lawmaking and law enforcement, the Ministry’s core strength is in environmental monitoring, due to its historical background as the monitoring arm of the Ministry of Health. These three roles should in future be segregated, and the law-making and inspection capabilities reinforced. The Ministry is currently working on both these issues. In addition, a new framework law on the environment is being developed, which should be followed by a new set of standards and regulations. The Ministry is also being reorganized to better carry out its current mandate. Once these activities are completed, the lawmaking and enforcement components can be strengthened.


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