Tagged on: Chemicals and Waste

Reports and Books
Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants – Third Round 2016/2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The third Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) was organized in 2016. After invitation to participate in this third round of the proficiency test, 175 laboratories from 66 countries had registered. The test materials included test solutions of analytical standards, the abiotic matrices sediment, air (extract) and water and the biotic matrices fish, human milk and human plasma. The results for the 23 groups of POPs that were listed in the annexes of the Stockholm Convention until 2013 and in addition hexachlorobutadiene were assessed. These resulted in a report with a wealth of information on POP analysis and huge datasets from which the laboratories can evaluate their own methods and performance.


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Reports and Books
Air Quality Management and Assessment Capabilities in 20 Major Cities
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

This report assesses the components required for effective air quality management: the information inputs which are required for decision-making; how these inputs are used and how to measure their comprehensiveness, effectiveness and appropriateness. It is, therefore, an important precursor to developing and improving existing management capabilities.


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Reports and Books
Aflatoxins and their Biological Activity
United Nations Environment Programme

The group of aflatoxins (secondary metabolite of microscopic fungi of the Aspergillus genus) includes more than 10 compounds of similar chemical structure and biological, action. It in mostly aflatoxins B1, B2,G1 and O2 that are found in natural conditions as contaminants of food products and feeds. Out of four main representatives of aflatoxins, B 1 is most toxic and, as a rule, it is synthesized in the largest amounts. The results of studying aflatoxins over 20 years since their discovery have shown that most mammals (including primates), birds, some species of fish, insects, and microorganisms are susceptible, in various degrees, to the toxic action of aflatoxins


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Presentation
Global Fuel Economy Initiative in Ukraine
United Nations Environment Programme, Oleg Tsilvik

Global Fuel Economy Initiative in Ukraine


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Reports and Books
The Use of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) in Sudan
United Nations Environment Programme

This study demonstrates that liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) use in Sudan is on a slow ascendancy, due in particular to government incentives, investment by LPG companies in distribution infrastructure and dissemination efforts made by private, public and non-governmental organizations. LPG use remains, however, concentrated in the central region of the country. This has been attributed to high population density, the high price of woodfuel, greater awareness and infrastructure development. This report evaluates the efforts to date to support the adoption of LPG use across the country, and looks to highlight the constraints currently blocking its widespread use.The study analyses a range of case studies of LPG promotion initiatives across Sudan, recognizes the main barriers for the widespread national use of LPG, and proposes recommendations.


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Reports and Books
Global Mercury: Supply, Trade and Demand
United Nations Environment Programme

A good understanding of mercury supply, trade and demand is critical to effective implementation of the Convention. This report provides detailed and timely information on where mercury comes from, how it moves in commerce, and how it is used in products and industrial processes. To further facilitate informed decision-making, the report also evaluates data sources, discusses trends and identifies knowledge gaps.


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Reports and Books
Air Pollution and its Health Effects in China: A Monograph
World Health Organization, United Nations Environment Programme

This monograph is a contribution to these efforts and a companion volume to the Proceedings of the WHO/UNEP Air Pollution Workshop, Beqing, China October 1993 (WHO/EHG/PCS/95.22). It contains two papers: The first is a review paper that seeks to consolidate current knowledge and information concerning outdoor and indoor air pollution in China in urban and rural areas, and the health effects arising from it. The second paper focuses on air pollution and mortality in Shenyang, Liaoning Province,China. A detailed case study, it provides insight into the extent of air pollution in Shenyang and the methodology that can be used to conduct an epidemiology study when only limited resources are available.


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Reports and Books
Atrazine Health and Safety Guide - Health and Safety Guide No. 47
United Nations Environment Programme, International Labour Organisation, World Health Organization

The first three sections of this Health and Safety Guide present essential technical information and the hazard evaluation. Section 4 includes advice on preventive and protective measures and emergency action; health workers should be thoroughly familiar with the medical information to ensure that they can act efficiently in an emergency. The section on regulatory information has been extracted from the legal file of the International Register of Potentially Toxic Chemicals (IRPTC) and from other United Nations sources.


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Other
Template for ASGM National Action Plan
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Environment Programme Programme Global Mercury Partnership
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Policy and Strategy Documents
Global Alliance to Eliminate Lead Paint: Action Plan for 2015-2016
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization
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