Tagged on: plastics

Reports and Books
Overview of the Guidelines for the Monitoring and Assessment of Plastic Litter in the Ocean
United Nations Environment Programme, Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection

The report is intended to provide a step-by-step approach to designing and implementing a programme for
monitoring marine plastic litter, assuming no prior knowledge (Figure 1). Using definitions and terminology that
are widely accepted and understood by the user group is key to creating a harmonised approach and increasing
the potential for sharing data and information.


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2018
Foresight Briefs
Marine Plastics Litter and Microplastics - Foresight Brief No. 002 - September 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The global production of plastics has increased from 1.5 million tons in 1950s to about 300 million tons currently, at an average rate of 4 per cent per annum and is expected to continue growing (Boucher and Friot 2017). About 50 per cent of the plastics produced is for single use, and the literature estimates that 8 million tons (2.5 per cent) of the plastic produced are leaked into the oceans annually (PlasticsEurope 2016).


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2017
Reports and Books
Major International Waste Management Programmes and Projects - Prepared for: Global Partnership on Waste Management (GPWM)
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of this report is to complement supply with the demand in waste management services around the world, to provide stakeholders opportunities for projects partnerships and to harmonize efforts and avoid duplication. The report highlights projects of international organizations and UN Bodies with focus on, but not necessarily limited to, waste management.


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2016
Reports and Books
Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics: Global Lessons and Research to Inspire Action and Guide Policy Change
United Nations Environment Programme

Plastic litter in the ocean can be considered a ‘common concern of humankind’. This study summarizes the state of our knowledge on sources, fate and effect of marine plastics debris and microplastics, and describes approaches and potential solutions to address this multifaceted issue. The study is divided into four main sections: Background, Evidence Base, Taking Action, and Conclusions and Key Research Needs.


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2016
Reports and Books
Marine litter legislation: A toolkit for policymakers
United Nations Environment Programme; Environmental Law Institute

Far too much of the 300 million tonnes of plastic produced every year finds its way into our oceans, food chains and ecosystems, damaging our health in the process. Well-designed laws can help reverse this global trend. This report provides an overview of legislation that countries have implemented to tackle marine litter, focusing in particular on upstream solutions.


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2016
Reports and Books
Biodegradable Plastics and Marine Litter: Misconceptions, concerns and impacts on marine environments
United Nations Environment Programme

This briefing paper provides a concise summary of some of the key issues surrounding the biodegradability of plastics in the oceans. It explores whether the adoption of biodegradable plastics will reduce the impact of marine plastics overall. The paper also addresses the lack of public knowledge about biodegradable plastics. Moreover, it the raises concern over the labeling of products as “biodegradable” as it may result in more littering behaviors due to a perceived technical fix that removes responsibility from individuals


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2015
Reports and Books
Global Waste Management Outlook
United Nations Environment Programme, International Waste Management Association

The Global Waste Management Outlook, a collective effort of the United Nations Environment Programme and the International Waste Management Association, is a pioneering scientific global assessment on the state of waste management and a call for action to the international community. Prepared as a follow up to the Rio+20 Summit and as a response to UNEP Governing Council decision GC 27/12, the document establishes the rationale and the tools for taking a holistic approach towards waste management and recognizing waste and resource management as a significant contributor to sustainable development and climate change mitigation. The Outlook is primarily focused on the ‘governance’ issues which need to be addressed to establish a sustainable solution – including the regulatory and other policy instruments, the partnerships and the financing models. Broad in scope and global in coverage, the Outlook includes a series of Topic Sheets and case studies addressing specific issues and illustrating featured initiatives. This document provides an inspiring possible way forward on waste management, drawing conclusions and making recommendations to assist policy makers and practitioners to develop local solutions for waste management. To complement the Sustainable Development Goals of the Post-2015 Development Agenda, the Outlook sets forth Global Waste Management Goals and a Global Call to Action to achieve those goals.


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2015
Reports and Books
Waste Management Outlook for Mountain Regions: Sources and Solutions
United Nations Environment Programme, International Environment Technology Centre, GRID-Arendal, International Solid Waste Association

Mountains play an essential role in supplying water, energy, food and other services to millions of people living in the mountains and downstream. Ensuring the continued supply of these services has never been more important. However, many mountain regions are experiencing a growing solid waste problem, from ever-expanding urban sprawls and cities, increasing consumption patterns, existing and past mining operations, tourism activities and practises of illegal dumping. The good news is that there are many options available to prevent and manage waste in mountain environments, in ways that protect mountain ecosystems and people, and prevent problems from migrating downstream. This report highlights both the challenges and the solutions for sound waste management in mountain regions.


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Reports and Books
Industry as a Partner for Sustainable Development: Refrigeration
United Nations Environment Programme

The aim of this report is to examine how the refrigeration sector fits into overall sustainable development and to what extent the aims set out in Agenda 21 are implemented within the refrigeration sector. It reviews progress achieved within the framework of Agenda 21, the key challenges to be met and actions to be implemented.


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Reports and Books
Legal Limits on Single-Use Plastics and Microplastics: A Global Review of National Laws and Regulations
United Nations Environment Programme

This report provides a global overview of national regulatory frameworks adopted by 192 countries to control plastic bags, single-use plastics and microplastics pollution through national laws. It provides a snapshot of the types of regulation currently existing for each stage of the plastic lifespan, from manufacture or production, to use, and finally disposal. It is intended for use as a reference for countries and other interested stakeholders seeking to understand the approaches currently being used to address plastic pollution.


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