Tagged on: Kenya

Reports and Books
Carbon Pricing Approaches in Eastern and Southern Africa - Annexure A: Country Chapters - A Report Submitted under the Collaborative Instruments for Ambitious Climate Action (CI-ACA)
United Nations Environment Programme

This is a report showing the carbon pricing approaches in the Eastern and Southern Africa Countries.


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Reports and Books
Lake Baringo Community-Based Land and Water Management Project: Evaluation Report on project GF/3010-00-03
United Nations Environment Programme

The overall assessment of the project is that as a pilot project, it was successful in demonstrating effective strategies and approaches to rehabilitating degraded lands and conserving biodiversity. Some of the project components achieved only moderate results, especially in demonstrating alternative livelihoods. The most impressive accomplishment of this project is the general level of environmental awareness created in the lake catchment area and the residents' recognition that their livelihoods are inextricably linked to the health of the natural resources in the area. As evidenced by the support for a moratorium on fish harvests in the lake, which was achieved through an impressive stakeholder consultation process, there is a demonstrable willingness to protect livelihoods through environmental conservation.


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Reports and Books
Floriculture and the Environment: Growing Flowers without Methyl Bromide
United Nations Environment Programme

This Manual is intended as a general guide for the implementation of alternatives to methyl bromide in the commercial production of cut flowers. It seeks to provide practical, easy to understand information that can be used by growers, trainers, technical assistants and in general those persons involved in the phasing out of methyl bromide. For this reason an illustrative, simple to follow format containing actual examples that have proven useful has been chosen. The information contained may be used as part of training programs, workshops or other activities. However, this manual should be taken as a guide only, since specific alternatives need to be evaluated and adapted to meet local conditions. The information herewith presented is based on actual experience in commercial farms, research findings and published books or reports. However, its authors or the United Nations Environment Programme cannot be held responsible for any failure or unforeseen outcomes resulting from its utilization.


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Reports and Books
Strategic Action Plan for Land-Based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine, Coastal and Associated Fresh Water Environment in the Eastern African Region
United Nations Environment Programme

This report deals mainly with preparation of an inventory of the pollution sources and loads, and offers input on setting priorities and selecting management strategies and programmes.


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Reports and Books
National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analysis (MEDA) - Kenya
United Nations Development Programme

Kenya has the some of the oldest marine protected areas in the WIO Region. There are 4 marine parks and 5 marine national reserves. The total area of the parks is estimated at 54 km2, while that of reserves is 898 km2 representing approximately 8.7% of the Kenyan territorial waters. In addition, there are a number of community protected areas located in Wasini, Kuruwitu, Bureni, Trade-Winds, Kibuyuni and Kiweni. However, conflicts have been observed in these protected areas particularly where local fishing communities harbour negative attitudes towards establishing new government managed MPAs, creating an impediment to government commitment to increase MPA coverage. Local resource users are still concerned about being denied access and control over the resources in marine parks and reserves.
Environmental degradation and over-exploitation of natural resources are challenges that Kenya is facing with regard to the management of coastal and marine environment. In the small-scale fishery, the use of destructive fishing techniques, poverty and rapid population growth all continue to strain resources on the coast. Also, lack of capacity for effective management and enforcement of regulations is constraining sustainable management of the coastal region. There are however strengths and opportunities that can be utilized to promote sustainable management and development in Kenya’s coastal region. There are a number of opportunities that have the potential to generate alternative forms of employment, which could potentially reduce the strain being placed on coastal ecosystems. Creating alternative streams of income could reduce pressure on the marine ecosystems and counter the cyclical relationship between poverty and natural resource exploitation.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Baseline Study for the Proposed Relocationing of the UNSOA Logistics Base Mombasa, Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of this environmental baseline study (EBS) is to identify, assess, and document the initial environmental conditions on the site. The results from the EBS will be able to serve as a future reference point (baseline), as the EBS is to be periodically updated for the location. In addition to internal use within the mission, the baseline study is also to be held on file for possible use, when required, in discussions withthe host country, regarding damage or pollution claimed to have been caused by the mission.


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Reports and Books
Once Burned, Twice Shy? Lessons Learned from the 1997-98 El Niño
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations University, National Center for Atmospheric Research, World Meteorological Organization, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

This assessment reviewed forecasts and impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño, as well as the climate-related early warning and natural disaster preparedness
systems in the following locations in order to improve their ENSO (El Niflo-Southern Oscillation) and other climate-related coping mechanisms; Cuba, Costa Rica, Panama Canal, Ecuador, Peru, Paraguay, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Bangladesh, China, Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Fiji. Based on the lessons drawn from these 16 studies, the project identified research and policy needs and presented ideas for developing regional and national disaster preparedness plans for ENSO's warm (El Niño) and cold (La Nifla) events and their impacts.


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Manuals, Guides and Toolkits
Guidelines for Sanitation Management in Asia and Africa
United Nations Environment Programme, Korea Water Resources Corporation

This report presents information on the status, policies, regulations and actions (including master plan) in the Asia and Africa for sanitation (wastewater) management. Recently, it has been estimated that more than half of the world population live in Asia and Africa. In these regions, sanitation (wastewater) management including wastewater treatment (WWT) facilities (sewer lines and sewage treatment plants) is one of the major health hazard sources in most of the urban and rural areas. Water quality is deteriorating in many places because of the lack of access to improved sanitation. Some cities in the developing world treat only 10 % of their sewage, while some 2.4 billion people do not have adequate sanitation. As a result, many people are facing enormous health crises and subsequently about 6,000 children die everyday.


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Reports and Books
Rapport d'une Mission de Consultant sur la Conservation des Ressources Genetiques Forestieres dans Certains Pays D'Afrique
United Nations Environment Programme

Cette mission avait pour objet de mettre partiellement en oeuvre le projet FAO/PNUE sur la conservation des ressources gentiques forestires, dans le cadre du Proramme mondial pour une utilisation amelioree des ressources gentiques forestires.


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2013, Kenya had a population of 43.69 million. Electricity production in 2015 was 869 ktoe with 36.4 per cent of it generated from sources. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 738 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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