Tagged on: Indonesia

Reports and Books
A Suggested National Soils Policy for Indonesia
United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Soils are a basic natural and almost non-renewable resource, the use of which should be governed by two major principles: - soil losses and degradation must be avoided, and, - soils must be used to their maximum potential for human benefits, but within the limits of environmental soundness and of sustainability. Therefore a national soils policy should constitute a set of guidelines that aim to ensure and promote maximum utilization of soils on a sustained basis, without lowering productivity or causing direct or indirect damage to the environment. A national soils policy has four basic aspects, addressing respectively technical, socio-economic, institutional and legal elements. Indonesia covers almost 2 million km 2 , with a wide range of soils, agroclimates and resultant land-use types. About 30% of the total land surface - 60 million ha - is considered suitable for agricultural production, and half of that is already under cultivation.


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Reports and Books
Climate Crisis: The Societal Impacts Associated with the 1982-83 Worldwide Climate Anomalies
United Nations Environment Programme, United States National Center of Atmospheric Research, Environmental and Societal Impacts Group

Report based on the workshop on the Economic and Societal Impacts Associated with the 1982-83 Worldwide Climate Anomalies, 11-13 November 1985, Lugano, Switzerland, organized and financed by the United Nations Environment Programme and the Environmental and Societal Impacts Group of the National Center for Atmospheric Research.These case studies briefly describe the climate situation that transpired during 1982-83. They then identify some of the societal and environmental impacts of the climate anomalies of the period. The case studies are clearly meant to be illustrative and not exhaustive. They provide a set of baseline studies against which future similar studies might be compared. Most likely, not all of these climate anomalies will prove to have been directly or indirectly related to the occurrence of ENSO events. In addition, the strength of those teleconnections that prove to be valid will have to be defined.


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Reports and Books
Problems And Prospects Desertification of Desertification Control in the ESCAP Region
United Nations Environment Programme, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Desertification has always been one of the major environmental problems of the developing countries in Asia as well as Australia. To focus world attention on this serious problem, the United Nations Conference on Desertification was convened in 1977 and adopted a Plan of Action to Combat Desertification for promoting and catalysing concerted efforts to counter this disaster. Echoing the recommendations of the Con- ference, the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution 32/172, requested the regional commissions to support national efforts and co-operate with governments in their plans to combat deser-tification. In response, ESCAP organized a Technical Workshop in October 1981 to consider the steps taken by the Governments of the region to implement the Plan of Action.
After reviewing the problems, progress and prospects in combating desertification, the Workshop felt that the order of priorities of the Plan of Action should be rearranged so as to ensure more efficient use of resources while recommending a series of activities in research, monitoring, training and information for concerted action at the regional level.


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Reports and Books
Once Burned, Twice Shy? Lessons Learned from the 1997-98 El Niño
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations University, National Center for Atmospheric Research, World Meteorological Organization, International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

This assessment reviewed forecasts and impacts of the 1997-98 El Niño, as well as the climate-related early warning and natural disaster preparedness
systems in the following locations in order to improve their ENSO (El Niflo-Southern Oscillation) and other climate-related coping mechanisms; Cuba, Costa Rica, Panama Canal, Ecuador, Peru, Paraguay, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Bangladesh, China, Philippines, Vietnam, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and Fiji. Based on the lessons drawn from these 16 studies, the project identified research and policy needs and presented ideas for developing regional and national disaster preparedness plans for ENSO's warm (El Niño) and cold (La Nifla) events and their impacts.


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Reports and Books
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency in Developing Countries: Contributions to Reducing Global Emissions
The 1 Gigaton Coalition

A year ago, world leaders agreed to restrict global warming to 2°C above pre-industrial levels by the end of this century. Yet the latest Emissions Gap Report from UN Environment predicts that we are actually heading for global warming of up to 3.4°C, even with the pledges made in the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. However, it also predicts that cutting greenhouse gas emissions by another quarter could put us on track for that 2°C promise. This second report from the 1 Gigaton Coalition supports those findings by showing how investing in clean energy for developing countries can help close the emissions gap and create sustainable profitable business opportunities.


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Reports and Books
Asean Heritage Parks and Reserves
ASEAN Senior Officials on the Environment

the Second ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in Bangkok, on 29 November 1984, issued the important Declaration on Heritage Parks and Reserves which created the first group of 11 Heritage Sites described in this book.


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Reports and Books
The Feasibility of Harnessing Renewable Sources of Energy in Indonesia
United Nations Environment Programme

A question of major concern in both developed and developing countries is that of energy, involving as it does problems at the national, regional and International levels.


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Reports and Books
Planning and Implementation of Integrated Solid Waste Management Strategies at Local Level: The Case of Surabaya City
United Nations Environment Programme, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)

After solid waste generation peaked at 2,000 tonnes per day and the closure of one of city’s landfills led to waste being piled on the streets, the City of Surabaya started implementing community based solid waste management. Due to their efforts and achievements, the City of Surabaya has won both national and international recognition as a model for other cities to follow despite facing a number of challenges. This case study describes the key activities carried out, major results achieved, main lessons learned and provides recommendations for future actions.


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Reports and Books
Disaster Waste Management Mechanism: A Practical Guide for Construction and Demolition Wastes in Indonesia
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication is a practical guide to assist decision in national and local agencies in Indonesia to understand the issues of disaster wastes management. It outlines the development of local strategies on waste issues, bringing together knowledge and experience on existing and ongoing work on waste and debris clean-up.


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Reports and Books
Monitoring The Restoration of Mangrove Ecosystems from Space
United Nations Environment Programme/GRID-Geneva

Mangrove establishment and rehabilitation projects have had varying levels of success at different locations around the world. Given the money that has been invested in restoring mangrove coverage, it is useful to map, monitor and compare results and experiences in different parts of the globe to compare the success of such projects. This study conducted temporal analyses for 24 mangrove sites from 10 different projects in six different countries (Senegal, the United Arab Emirates, Madagascar, Kenya, Solomon Island and Indonesia) using satellite imagery and GIS technology to map and monitor their status.


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