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Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2013 Update: Governance and Public Service Delivery
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook, generally launched in April, presents an analysis of developing Asia’s recent economic performance plus its prospects for the next 2 years. This Update shows whether these forecasts were met, explaining divergence between forecasts and the actual outturn, and firms the forecasts for the next 18 months or so.


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2013
Annual Reports
Environment Operational Directions 2013–2020
Asian Development Bank

In the context of Strategy 2020 and in the follow-up to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), ADB prepared the report Environment Operational Directions, 2013–2020. The report aims to provide a coherent overview of its environment operations and to articulate how it will step up efforts to help the region achieve a transition to environmentally sustainable growth or green growth. Building on ADB sector and thematic plans, this paper provides a brief review of recent ADB experience in environment operations, and identifies effective approaches for the development of “greener” country partnership strategies, investment projects, and associated knowledge and technical assistance activities. The paper is aligned with key elements of relevant ADB sector and thematic operational plans, particularly for sectors where environmental sustainability is a priority. These include the Sustainable Transport Initiative Operational Plan, the Urban Operational Plan, the Water Operational Plan, the Energy Policy, and the Sustainable Food Security Plan, as well as the Climate Change Strategic Priorities.


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2013
Reports and Books
Global outlook on sustainable consumption and production policies: taking action together
United Nations Environment Programme

The Global Outlook on Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) Policies, developed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) with the financial support of the European Commission, provides a non-exhaustive review of policies and initiatives that are promoting the shift towards SCP patterns. This report identifies examples of effective policies and initiatives being implemented worldwide. It reviews 56 case studies ranging from global multilateral agreements and regional strategies to specific policies and initiatives and shows progress achieved in promoting SCP, highlighting best practices and offering recommendations to scale up and replicate these important efforts worldwide.


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2012
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2012: Confronting Rising Inequality in Asia
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook (ADO) provides a comprehensive analysis of economic performance for the past year and offers forecasts for the next 2 years for the 45 economies in Asia and the Pacific that make up developing Asia. Despite weak global demand, Asian Development Outlook 2012 expects that developing Asia will largely maintain its growth momentum in the next couple of years, in an environment of easing inflation for most regional economies, although policy makers must be alert to further oil-price spikes arising from threats of oil supply disruptions. The report sees that the greatest risk to the outlook is the uncertainty surrounding the resolution of sovereign debt problems in the eurozone. Still, in the absence of any sudden shocks, developing Asia can manage the effects on its trade flows and financial markets. The theme chapter looks at widening inequality: in spite of developing Asia’s great success in raising living standards and reducing poverty, swelling income disparities threaten to undermine the pace of progress. Regional policy makers need to ensure that the benefits of growth are widely shared.


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2012
Reports and Books
Infrastructure for low carbon transport in India: a case study of the Delhi-Mumbai dedicated freight corridor.
Pangotra, P., Shukla, P. R.

This study is part of a larger research project on Promoting Low-Carbon Transport in India, a major initiative of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), referred to as the Low Carbon Transport (LCT) project in this publication. The overall context in which the LCT project has been undertaken is the critical role of the transport sector in reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. India is currently the fourth largest GHG emitter in the world, although its per capita emissions are less than half of the world’s average.


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2012
Reports and Books
Ecological Footprint and Investment in Natural Capital in Asia and the Pacific
Asian Development Bank, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF International)

The widespread loss of natural ecosystems and biodiversity is much more than a conservation issue. Natural ecosystems provide socially and economically valuable services--such as food and fiber resources, clean water and climate regulation--that are fundamental to human welfare, but are often overlooked in decision-making processes. Produced through a partnership between ADB and WWF International, this report provides examples of promising approaches for sustainably managing natural capital in the region. These are based on experiences from four important regional cooperation initiatives, which demonstrate the commitment of the participating governments to protecting the integrity of natural ecosystems while improving livelihoods and reducing poverty.


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2012
Annual Reports
Asian Development Bank Sustainability Report
Asian Development Bank

The third Sustainability Report of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) provides, in a readily available format, information about our continued work on promoting environmentally sustainable and inclusive growth, and on reducing our corporate footprint. To facilitate comparability, the structure of this third reports is similar to that of the first two, which were issued in 2007 and 2009. The contents are presented in three main sections: Part 1 provides the background of the organization||- its mandate and structures in line with Strategy 2020, ADB's long-term strategic framework. Part 2 features ADB's work on important aspects of sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific, including the environment, social development and governance. Part 3 provides updates on ADB's work to reduce its corporate footprint. The report responds to and presents information in accordance to the Global Reporting Initiative's G3 indicators. The appendix links the G3 indicators with the text of the report and other pertinent sources.


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2011
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2011 Update: Preparing for Demographic Transition
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook, generally launched in April, presents an analysis of developing Asia's recent economic performance plus its prospects for the next two years. This Update shows whether these forecasts were met, explaining divergence between forecasts and the actual outturn, and firms the forecasts for the next 18 months or so. Asian Development Outlook 2011 Update: A Look at Aging Asia The Update expects developing Asia to sustain its robust growth over the next 2 years, despite the tepid outlook for the United States, the eurozone, and Japan. The region will be buttressed by healthy domestic demand and buoyant intraregional trade. Managing inflation has to be a key focus for policy makers, to allow for inclusive growth. Such growth includes the elderly, who are all too often left behind as Asia's traditional family networks weaken. As the elderly will form an ever-larger share of the regions population over the next few decades, states will have to ensure their economic security—and meet the wider economic implications for society.


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2011
Reports and Books
Environment Program: Greening Growth in Asia and the Pacific
Asian Development Bank

This publication presents a snapshot of the Asian Development Bank’s (ADB) environmental strategies, programs, initiatives, partnerships, and a range of activities that demonstrate ADB’s commitment to support environmentally sustainable growth in Asia and the Pacific—a strategic agenda of ADB’s Strategy 2020. The report highlights innovations designed in selected ADB-supported projects with environmental sustainability as a theme that were approved in 2008–2010. It also discusses the emerging environmental challenges in the region, and previews ADB’s strategies to strengthen its operational emphasis on the environment, including climate change, that would help realize green growth in Asia and the Pacific.


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2011
Reports and Books
Mainstreaming climate change adaptation into development planning: a guide for practitioners
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

Climate change adaptation is an area of growing concern and engagement for many developing countries. The myriad and uncertain effects of a changing climate pose significant risks for development and achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. Numerous initiatives and financing mechanisms aimed at assisting countries with climate change adaptation have been rolled out and are being implemented. Efforts also concentrate on developing specific adaptation measures, with a focus on the ones that correspond to countries most urgent and immediate needs. Increasingly, countries are coming to realize that, in the long term, climate change adaptation needs to be supported by an integrated, cross-cutting policy approach. The purpose of this guide is to provide practical, step-by-step guidance on how governments and other national actors can mainstream climate change adaptation into national development planning as part of broader mainstreaming efforts. The guide draws on substantial experience and lessons learned by the UNDP-UNEP Poverty- Environment Initiative in working with governments to integrate environmental management for pro-poor economic growth and development into national development planning and decision-making.


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2011