Tagged on: Global

Reports and Books
Global Mercury: Supply, Trade and Demand
United Nations Environment Programme

A good understanding of mercury supply, trade and demand is critical to effective implementation of the Convention. This report provides detailed and timely information on where mercury comes from, how it moves in commerce, and how it is used in products and industrial processes. To further facilitate informed decision-making, the report also evaluates data sources, discusses trends and identifies knowledge gaps.


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Summaries
Global Mercury: Supply, Trade and Demand - Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

This report provides an overview of the current state of these activities in order to assist governments and other stakeholders as the Convention moves into the implementation phase.


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Reports and Books
Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants – Third Round 2016/2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The third Bi-ennial Global Interlaboratory Assessment on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) was organized in 2016. After invitation to participate in this third round of the proficiency test, 175 laboratories from 66 countries had registered. The test materials included test solutions of analytical standards, the abiotic matrices sediment, air (extract) and water and the biotic matrices fish, human milk and human plasma. The results for the 23 groups of POPs that were listed in the annexes of the Stockholm Convention until 2013 and in addition hexachlorobutadiene were assessed. These resulted in a report with a wealth of information on POP analysis and huge datasets from which the laboratories can evaluate their own methods and performance.


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Reports and Books
Green Technology Choices: The Environmental and Resource Implications of Low-Carbon Technologies - International Resource Panel Report
United Nations Environment Programme

This report provides a comprehensive global-scale assessment of the benefits, risks, and trade-offs of energy efficiency technologies and their combined effects when deployed alongside low-carbon electricity supply technologies. The results of the report show that the majority of efficiency technologies, used for mobility, buildings and industry, bring environmental co-benefits beyond greenhouse gas mitigation, including reduced impacts on the environment, health and natural resources. However, some technologies may generate higher impacts than the baseline technology for certain regions and for certain years.


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Manuals and Guides
Judicial Handbook on Environmental Constitutionalism
United Nations Environment Programme, Widener University Delaware Law School

This Handbook is designed to provide jurists with an overview of environmental constitutionalism: we address what it is, the peculiar practical and procedural issues it presents, and how courts from around the globe have engaged it. Environmental constitutionalism is a relatively recent phenomenon at the confluence of constitutional law, international law, human rights, and environmental law. It embodies the recognition that the environment is a proper subject for protection in constitutional texts and for vindication by constitutional courts worldwide. Environmental constitutionalism offers one way to engage environmental challenges that fall beyond the grasp of other legal constructs.


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Reports and Books
A Guide to Assessing Coral Reef Resilience for Decision Support
United Nations Environment Programme

This Guide supports environmental managers assess, map and monitor coral reef resilience, based on which management actions that support resilience in the face of climate change can be identified and prioritized. An overview is provided of resilience and vulnerability concepts as well as pathways from resilience theory to practical application. Guidance on defining the decision-making contexts where resilience assessments can be used is provided, including articulation of objectives, scope and intended outcomes of resilience assessments. A 10-step Guide is presented for using resilience assessment process to inform planning or management decisions, drawing on practical experiences in applying resilience concepts to coral reef management, and highlighting technical and process considerations for successful delivery.


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Reports and Books
Coral Bleaching Futures: Downscaled Projections of Bleaching Conditions for the World’s Coral Reefs, Implications of Climate Policy and Management Responses
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of this report is threefold: 1. to present downscaled projections of coral bleaching conditions (i.e. exposure to the primary climate threat to coral reefs) at a spatial scale that enables use of the data in management planning, conservation planning and in support of other decisions influencing coral reefs and reef use; 2. to evaluate the implications of the Paris Agreement as well as failure to achieve its goal, by comparing the projected timing of annual severe bleaching between emission scenarios RCP4.5 and 8.5; and 3. provide public access to data as well as main findings in order to enable their application in management planning, policy formulation, and as education and outreach tools.


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Chapters and Articles
Pre-2020 Action: Trends and Progress - The Emissions Gap Report 2017 Chapter 2
den Elzen, Michel, Fransen, Taryn, Kuramochi, Takeshi, Cantzler, Jasmin, Fekete, Hanna, Olivier, Jos, Parra, Paola Yanguas

This chapter provides an update, based on the latest available scientific literature, on trends in global emissions and progress towards the G20 members meeting their Cancun Pledges. These trends give key indications of pre-2020 mitigation progress and action.


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Chapters and Articles
Scoping the Emissions Gap Report 2017 - The Emissions Gap Report 2017 Chapter 1
Olhoff, Anne, Christensen, John

The assessment builds on all available information, including that reviewed by the IPCC in its fifth assessment report, as well as more recent scientific studies. The assessment production process has been transparent and participatory, involving two rounds of external reviews and overseen by a steering committee. The governments of the countries with specific mention in the report have been invited to comment on the specific assessment findings during the production process.


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Chapters and Articles
Bridging the Gap: Carbon Dioxide Removal - The Emissions Gap Report 2017 Chapter 7
Smith, Pete, Friedmann, Julio

Carbon dioxide removal (sometimes called carbon removal or CDR) refers to a cluster of technologies, practices and approaches that remove and sequester carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. Despite the common denominator of removing carbon dioxide, these technologies can be very different.


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