Tagged on: Europe

Reports and Books
WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: selected pollutants
World Health Organization

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene have indoor sources, are known for their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of concern to health. For each substance, the chapter covers a general description, the sources and pathways of exposure, the indooroutdoor relationship, kinetics and metabolism, the health effects, a health risk evaluation, the guidelines, a summary box and references.These guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing the health risks of environmental exposures, as well as at specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.


Download: English
2010
Reports and Books
WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: dampness and mould
World Health Organization

This document provides a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence on health problems associated with building moisture and biological agents. The review concludes that the most important effects are increased prevalences of respiratory symptoms, allergies and asthma as well as perturbation of the immunological system.The document also summarizes the available information on the conditions that determine the presence of mould and measures to control their growth indoors. WHO guidelines for protecting public health are formulated on the basis of the review. The most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.


Download: English
2009
Reports and Books
Northern Ireland Environmental Statistics Report, January
The Northern Ireland Environment Agency (NIEA), Central Statistics and Research Branch (CSRB)

In January 2009 a new ‘Northern Ireland Environmental Statistics Report,’ was launched. This report follows on from ‘Our Environment, Our Heritage, Our Future: State of the Environment Report for Northern Ireland’ which was published by the Environment and Heritage Service (EHS) in April 2008 (On 1 July 2008 EHS became Northern Ireland Environment Agency). The report has been prepared by Central Statistics and Research Branch (CSRB), Department for Regional Development, with input from the Northern Ireland Environmental Agency (NIEA). The report is to be used as the first reference point for a range of environmental indicators and it provides annual updates on all indicators contained within. The report is of both public and academic interest and it provides a valuable resource across Government. There are 50 separate data sets contained within the report. These cover 8 topics: Demographics and Public Opinion, Air and Climate, Water, Marine, Land, Biodiversity, Built Heritage and Waste. Each data set consists of the most recently available data for each indicator and where applicable, performance against quantified targets. The report also gives some commentary on each data set and describes any trends that they illustrate. The report will be updated annually and each indicator reviewed for their usefulness and relevance. Additional indicators will also be considered for inclusion in future reports.


Download: English
2009
Reports and Books
Green breakthroughs: solving environmental problems through innovative policies and law
United Nations Environment Programme

This booklet is called Green Breakthroughs because it describes policies and laws that have been used effectively to solve environmental problems. Success stories are drawn from 45 individual countries, as well as from regional groupings such as those in Africa, the Caribbean and Europe, while others involve countries that share major rivers and lakes, or that are joined in common global endeavours. The successes relate to major environmental themes, the issues and challenges of each being explained. They include energy and climate change, the management of various kinds of wastes, the preservation and restoration of ecosystems, and the sustainable use of biodiversity and fisheries. The approach is always to show how policies and laws, whether singly or in mixtures, can reduce damage, increase efficiency and sustainability, and ensure that environmental, social and financial benefits reward those who use the world wisely and well.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
Environment and security: transforming risks into cooperation
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is about the role and impact of environmental factors in securing human safety and sustained development of the eastern Caspian Sea region, including the parts of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan opening onto the Caspian Sea. Furthermore, the analysis presented here introduces a security perspective as it seeks to identify those environmental, socio-economic and political issues that are profoundly affecting the livelihoods of the populations and could lead to social tensions and instability.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
Reactive nitrogen in the environment
United Nations Environment Programme

This non-technical report summarizes the present scientific understanding of the major issues surrounding reactive nitrogen, and discusses the overarching environmental, human health and economic issues created by both excesses and deficiencies. The report provides case studies of effective policy implementation and reviews emerging policies to show how negative impacts associated with reactive nitrogen may be successfully addressed locally, nationally and regionally, given similar challenges, shared experiences and effective solutions.


Download: English
2007
Technology Partnerships for Renewables: Key to Energy Security – 3rd Roundtable
Asia-Europe Foundation, Institute for Global Environmental Strategies

This report contains a strong declaration by 154 governments that renewable energy should play a major role in the energy economy of the 21st century—a development with important implications for co-operation and renewable energy investment between Asia and Europe.


Download:
2005
Reports and Books
Rapid Environmental Assessment of the Tisza River Basin
United Nations Environment Programme

The report notes that the Tsiza river basin ecosystem is regenerating itself after the cyanide accident, with wildlife largely recovering. But, it says more concerted action is needed to address environmental threats or insecurities.


Download: English
2004
Phenol Spill in Sitnica/Sitnice and Ibar/Iber: UNEP/OCHA Assessment Mission Report
United Nations Environment Programme, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

An assessment mission report


Download: English
2003
Reports and Books
Four scenarios for Europe based on UNEP's third Global Environment Outlook
United Nations Environment Programme

The third Global Environment Outlook (GEO-3) was published on the eve of the Johannesburg summit. At that moment in time (autumn 2002), GEO-3 looked back thirty years and forward thirty years. As set of what-if scenarios was used to explore the ways our society can advance, including implications for environmental and social goals. Characteristically, GEO-3 examines in a relatively deep fashion how its global scenarios can be interpreted in the context of each of the worlds regions. This brochure presents the pan-European elaboration of the four GEO-3 scenarios. It focuses on the scenarios proper and their impacts in environmental terms. Unlike a GEO report, it does not assess the findings in the light of policy questions.


Download: English
2003