Tagged on: China

Reports and Books
Global International Waters Assessment: Yellow Sea, GIWA Regional Assessment 34
United Nations Environment Programme, GEF, University of Kalmar, Sweden

This report presents the results of the GIWA assessment of the Yellow Sea region and the adjacent Bohai Sea sub-system. The Yellow sea is a semi-enclosed water body bordering the Chinese mainland to the west and the Korean Peninsula to the east. Results from the assessment of the Bohai sub-system, which is entirely located within China and therefore not considered transboundary, is also presented. Freshwater shortage, habitat and community modification and unsustainable exploitation of fish and other living resources were assessed to be the priority concerns in both sub-systems. The past and present status and future prospects are discussed, and the transboundary issues are traced back to their root causes. Increased population growth and mass migration to urban areas is a major root cause in this region. Policy options have been recommended to mitigate environmental and socio-economic impacts and to secure the region's future prosperity.


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2005
Reports and Books
Asian Environment Outlook 2005: Making Profits, Protecting Our Planet: Corporate Responsibility for Environmental Performance in Asia and the Pacific
Asian Development Bank

This book is the second in the Asian Environment Outlook (AEO) series published by ADB. It centers on the critical missing ingredient in the pursuit of a sustainable future for Asia and the Pacific-that of a fully engaged private sector. AEO 2005 highlights the private sector's role in solving the unprecedented environmental strains facing our region and examines the emerging global pressures-and opportunities-for improved environmental performance. It provides insights and advice on how governments, economic and environmental authorities, and others in the development community can collaborate with the private sector to balance regulatory control with market instruments, help create new business opportunities, and achieve sustainable development.


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2005
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of the impact of trade liberalization: a country study on the rice sector in China
United Nations Environment Programme, State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), Centre for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), School of Environment, Beijing Normal University (BNU).

This country study focuses on the environmental, economic and social effects of trade liberalization on the rice sector in China. It demonstrates that the WTO Agreements on Agriculture did not have much impact, but that the regional agreements are more likely to have one. This study also demonstrates that in many instances, other factors of liberalization, including changes in the exchange rate and measures of internal market liberalization, have had a more profound impact than the multilateral trading system. Research institutions in this country, which are familiar with the local economy, the environmental challenges and the policy priorities, conducted this assessment.


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2005
Report of 4th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting
Data and Information Network Regional Activity Centre (DINRAC), United Nations Environment Programme
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2005
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2004: Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Asia
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive economic analysis of 41 economies in developing Asia and the Pacific. On the basis of the Asian Development Bank's unique knowledge of the region, this 16th edition overviews aggregate trends and medium-term prospects by subregion–East Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, Central Asia, and the Pacific–in the context of global economic movements. The region's developing economies generally showed remarkable resilience in 2003. Despite the uncertainties generated by the Iraq conflict, high oil prices, the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, and a slow recovery in major industrial countries during the first half of the year, economic growth reached 6.3% in 2003, making it the most dynamic region in the world. Intraregional trade and strong consumer demand will define the outlook for developing Asia in 2004-2005. The stronger outlook for industrial countries over that period will provide a cushion against a possible slowing of surging exports to the People's Republic of China. It will also soften the impact of fiscal consolidation measures that need to be taken in some regional economies. The Asian Development Outlook 2004 includes a chapter on foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing Asia. It argues that, based on a study of a diverse group of developing Asian countries with large or rapidly rising inflows of FDI, the international benefits of FDI are, in fact, highly variable but not necessarily cost-free. The magnitude and productivity of capital flows are dependent on the establishment of an enabling, business-friendly commercial environment, consistent with national development objectives. In this context, a useful paradigm is the \"three i's\"–incentives, institutions, and infrastructure.


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2004
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2004 Update
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia and the Pacific will grow at 7.0% in 2004, outperforming ADO 2004 forecast of 6.8%. Rebounding exports and buoyant intraregional trade boosted growth, says the ADO 2004 Update. For 2005, as external demand levels off and high oil prices filter through domestic demand, growth forecast is scaled back to 6.2%, from the 6.7% forecast in April. This issue of the Update also assesses different scenarios relating to the short-term impacts of a PRC slowdown and sustained high oil prices on the region.


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2004
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2003 Update
Asian Development Bank

The analyses of macroeconomic trends, policy developments, and short-term forecasts for the developing member countries of the Asian Development Bank presented in the Asian Development Outlook 2003 (ADO 2003) published in April 2003 are reviewed in this Update. Despite significant economic shocks linked to the conflict in Iraq, higher oil prices, and the outbreak of the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic, growth in the Asia and Pacific region continued to be robust during the first three quarters of 2003. This achievement is remarkable as it occurred despite a weaker than expected recovery in the major industrial countries in the first half of 2003. Hence, the projection for aggregate gross domestic product (GDP) growth for 2003 is unchanged compared to that made in ADO 2003, and the GDP forecast for 2004 has now been revised upward.


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2003
Manuals and Guides
Tracking progress: implementing sustainable consumption policies
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication describes the implementation of the United Nations Guidelines for Consumer Protection, Sustainable Consumption section. The report contains an overview of activities in over 50 countries and 8 national case studies (Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Germany, Japan, Mauritius and Senegal).


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2002
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2002: Preferential Trade Agreements in Asia and the Pacific
Asian Development Bank

This 14th edition of the Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive analysis of 41 economies in Asia and the Pacific, based on the Asian Development Bank's in-depth knowledge of the region. For the first time, the Outlook includes a section on Afghanistan. It also provides a broad diagnosis of macroeconomic conditions and growth prospects as they relate to progress in poverty reduction in the economies of the region. Economic growth in developing Asia and the Pacific slowed markedly in 2001 after a strong performance in 1999 and 2000. This is mainly on account of a sharp erosion of external demand as industrial economies experienced recession or very slow growth. There are, however, several exceptions to the general trend with a number of economies, notably the People's Republic of China, maintaining relatively high growth. In some economies, domestic demand, responding to expansionary policy, emerged as a more important source of growth. The outlook for 2002 and 2003 is for renewed optimism. The Outlook includes a special chapter reviewing preferential trade agreements, with particular reference to Asia and the Pacific. As international trade grew rapidly in the 1990s, so did the number of such agreements, especially in the region. The chapter analyzes the impact of such agreements, in the context of the multilateral trade negotiations being carried out under the auspices of the World Trade Organization.


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2002
Reports and Books
Transport and the global environment: accounting for GHG reductions in policy analysis
Halsnaes, K., Markandya, A., Sathaye, J.

This publication is an analytical structure for examining environmental aspect of transport choices. It defines key economic and environmental concepts used in good policy analysis||and gives information on technologies, environmental impacts, and cost effectiveness of various policy options.


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2002