Tagged on: China

Report of 7th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting
Data and Information Network Regional Activity Centre (DINRAC), United Nations Environment Programme
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2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008: Workers in Asia
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive economic analysis of 44 economies in developing Asia and the Pacific. This 20th anniversary edition examines trends and prospects in Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific. Developing Asia's performance in 2007 broke records in almost two decades. Aggregate gross domestic product grew at 8.7%, on supportive global economic conditions, a largely favorable policy environment, and productivity gains as the region continued its remarkable modernization and transformation. Conditions in the global economy now look distinctly unsteady with the United States, Japan, and Europe set for a synchronized slowdown this year. Still, developing Asia will not be hostage to the global slowdown, even if it cannot remain immune to it, and its growth this year and next should be only a little below longer-run trends. But with commodity prices soaring and despite government price restraints, inflation is accelerating and is likely to hit decade-long highs. Rising inflation expectations are a more immediate threat to developing Asia than the prospect of a moderate slowdown in growth. This year's theme on workers in developing Asia spotlights three issues. Will the region reap the demographic advantages of its many young people about to enter the workforce? Can it resolve its silent crisis in terms of its skills shortages? Third, with migration burgeoning within the region, will policies move to keep up with the reality on the ground?


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2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008 Update
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook aims to present an analysis of the recent past and forecasts for the next couple of years for the developing economies of Asia. In this Update to April's publication, regional economic growth for 2008 is taken down marginally to 7.5%, largely on unstable financial markets and elevated commodity prices. Regional growth in 2009 is expected to further decelerate to 7.2%. Inflation forecasts are revised up—reflecting rising global prices of food and fuel and earlier loose monetary policy—to 7.8% in 2008 and to 6.0% in 2009. The Update presents four thematic chapters discussing recent global commodity price rises and their impacts on developing Asia. They suggest that high international commodity prices are here to stay. But, given that demand-pull rather than cost-push factors are causing high prices, the role of monetary policy is still relevant in containing price pressures. Indeed, there has to be a reshifting of the basic monetary stance toward tightening throughout developing Asia, to prevent inflation from becoming entrenched.


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2008
Report of 6th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting
Data and Information Network Regional Activity Centre (DINRAC), United Nations Environment Programme
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2007
Annual Reports
Asian Development Bank Sustainability Report 2007: Spotlight on the Environment, Social Development, and Governance
Asian Development Bank

ADB's first Sustainability Report makes easily accessible information on ADB's policies, programs, and practices, as related to promoting the social and environmental sustainability of development in Asia and the Pacific. The report provides background on ADB's mandate and structure, and highlights its activities in the areas of environmental management, social development, and governance||and documents ADB's efforts to minimize its corporate environmental footprint, especially at its Manila headquarters. The content of the report responds to the latest guidelines of the Global Reporting Initiative, while adapting to the particular characteristics of ADB's work and the multiple audiences interested in the information presented.


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2007
Reports and Books
Environment on the edge 2007-08
United Nations Environment Programme

Environment on the edge is a series of lectures given by leading international figures that examine our current relationship with the natural world and discuss what tomorrow might bring.


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2007
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2007 Update
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia's prodigious growth continued through the first half of 2007, setting the scene for another bumper year. The region is now expected to expand by 8.3. But this Asian Development Outlook 2007 Update cautions that the prognosis for 2008 is now hazy. Although growth in 2008 is seen slowing gently to 8.2%, the likelihood of a more abrupt deceleration is increasing. Exceptional performance in both the People's Republic of China (PRC) and India is again propelling growth in the region. In the first half of 2007, the PRC grew faster than at any time since 1994 and India, building on its best rate in 18 years in the year to March 2007, registered strong growth in April-June this year. Beyond the gyrations in the global economy, the Update stresses that developing Asia's growth prospects will continue to depend on how well it copes with its own domestic challenges. It is now much better placed to cope with adverse external developments, with its stout financial defenses and some room for policy adjustment. The Update looks at the dynamics of export performance in East Asia. It suggests that supply-side factors-including the quality of infrastructure and the business investment climate-play an important role export performance and that external demand remains an important driver of trade in parts and components. The role of the real exchange rate has changed overtime, as composition of exports has changed.


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2007
Report of 5th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting
Data and Information Network Regional Activity Centre (DINRAC), United Nations Environment Programme
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2006
Report of 4th NOWPAP DINRAC Focal Points Meeting
Data and Information Network Regional Activity Centre (DINRAC), United Nations Environment Programme
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2005
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of the impact of trade liberalization: a country study on the rice sector in China
United Nations Environment Programme, State Environmental Protection Administration (SEPA), Centre for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), School of Environment, Beijing Normal University (BNU).

This country study focuses on the environmental, economic and social effects of trade liberalization on the rice sector in China. It demonstrates that the WTO Agreements on Agriculture did not have much impact, but that the regional agreements are more likely to have one. This study also demonstrates that in many instances, other factors of liberalization, including changes in the exchange rate and measures of internal market liberalization, have had a more profound impact than the multilateral trading system. Research institutions in this country, which are familiar with the local economy, the environmental challenges and the policy priorities, conducted this assessment.


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2005