Tagged on: China

Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 11: Green Investor Networks
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detailed report on one of the fourteen recommendations complements the main report."


Download: English
2015
Reports and Books
Review of the Kubuqi Ecological Restoration Project: A Desert Green Economy Pilot Initiative
United Nations Environment Programme

A key element of the Rio+20 declaration was the agreement of countries to consider green economy as one of the important tools available for achieving sustainable development and eradicating poverty. Deserts perhaps pose one of the most challenging situations for implementing a green economy approach, due to the harsh, unpredictable environmental conditions, fragile ecosystem equilibrium, inherently low production potential, and limited infrastructure. Despite these challenges, from 1988 Elion Resources Group (Elion) took up restoration1 of part of the Kubuqi Desert, located in Hangjin Qi, within the Ordos City prefecture in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China, which later developed into an example of desert green economy. The achievements to date have been remarkable and have attracted much international attention. However what were the factors that led to the success of the project and to what extent could the principles be applied to other dryland areas? The objective of this review was to provide a scientific assessment of the Kubuqi Pilot Site2 with respect to the project’s ecological economic and social sustainability with a focus on private-public-community partnerships.


Download: English, Chinese
2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 5: Green Bonds
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detaildd report on one of the fourteen recommendations complements the main report."


Download: English
2015
Pakistan Learns from China about HCFCs Alternatives
United Nations Environment Programme

A delegation consisting of representatives from the Climate Change Division of the Government of Pakistan and Pakistan HVACR Importers & Traders Association, 15travelled to Beijing and cities in Guangdong Province to learn about HCFCs alternatives and
phase-out approaches.


Download:
2014
DPR Korea learns from China on HCFC Alternatives
United Nations Environment Programme

Seven officers from the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPR Korea) - representing the National Coordinating Committee
for Environment (NCCE), the Ministry of Chemical Industry, the Ministry of Land and Environment Protection, the Ministry of Electronics Industry, and the service sector – visited Beijing and cities within Guangdong Province (8-15 April) on a study tour, to learn about HCFC
alternatives and phase-out approaches.


Download:
2014
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2014: Fiscal Policy for Inclusive Growth
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia is expected to extend its steady growth. The region's growth is projected to edge up from 6.1% in 2013 to 6.2% in 2014 and 6.4% in 2015. Moderating growth in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as its economy adjusts to more balanced growth will offset to some extent the stronger demand expected from the industrial countries as their economies recover. Risks to the outlook have eased and are manageable. The monetary policy shift in the United States (US) may invite some volatility ahead in financial markets, albeit mitigated by accommodative monetary policy in Japan and the euro area. The regional growth outlook depends on continued recovery in the major industrial economies and on the PRC managing to contain internal credit growth smoothly. Greater Public Spending Needed to Reduce Inequality Widening income gaps in developing Asia strengthens the case for greater use of fiscal policy to foster equality of opportunity. While the region has benefited from fiscal prudence in the past, demographic and environmental challenges are expected to compete for public resources in the coming years. To boost public spending on equity-enhancing programs such as education and health without undermining fiscal sustainability, the authorities will need to explore a wide range of options for mobilizing revenue and to build equity objectives into their fiscal plans.


Download: English
2014
Reports and Books
Financial System Impact of Disruptive Innovation
United Nations Environment Programme

This report examines disruptive innovations and their implications for the design of a green and inclusive financial system – innovations driven by top-down, centralised innovation in policy and regulation or by bottom-up, decentralised financial market innovation||innovations stimulated by long-terms shifts in environmental and social factors or technological innovations. The scale of the challenge of the transition to such a system calls for flexibility and experimentation with a diverse set of policy approaches."


Download: English
2014
Our Planet
The First United Nations Environment Assembly - Our Planet June 2014
United Nations Environment Programme

The first ever United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) is the core theme of this issue of Our Planet. Sustainable Development Goals, the need to decouple economic growth from natural resource depletion and the way forward within the context of the Post-2105 Development Agenda are all robustly discussed in this edition’s feature articles. With contributions from experts in sustainable development, the topics range from the role cities can take in lowering their carbon footprint, through progress in environmental planning in China, to Africa’s opportunities to develop its renewable energy sources. Three inspiring innovations relating to sustainable development are also covered along with UNEP’s latest publications and a section on the organization’s dedicated goodwill ambassadors.


Download: English
2014
Reports and Books
UNEP global environmental alert service: May 2014
United Nations Environment Programme

The deep ocean, the largest biome on Earth at over 1 000 metres below the surface of the ocean, holds vast quantities of untapped energy resources, precious metals and minerals. Advancements in technology have enabled greater access to these treasures. As a result, deep sea mining is becoming increasingly possible. To date no commercial deep sea mining operation has taken place, but plans to open a deep sea mine have recently been announced. Our ability to anticipate the impacts of mining is limited by the lack of knowledge about deep sea biodiversity, ecosystem complexity, and the extent of environmental and social impacts from mining operations. As such, it is important that policies guiding mineral extraction from the deep seas are rooted into adaptive management – allowing for the integration of new scientific information alongside advances in technology. Governance mechanisms for international waters and the seabed need to be strengthened. The precautionary approach should be used to avoid repeating instances of well-known destructive practices associated with conventional mining.


Download: English
2014
Reports and Books
Enforcement of Environmental Law: Good Practices from Africa, Central Asia, ASEAN Countries and China
China ASEAN Environmental Cooperation Centre, United Nations Environment Programme

This booklet on Enforcement of Environmental Law: Good Practices from Africa, Central Asia, ASEAN Countries and China compiles and documents good practices on enforcement of environmental laws that were shared from selected countries as a tool to guide other countries when strengthening their enforcement.


Download:
2014