Book/Report
Environmental Change through Capacity Building: Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific - Capacity building related to multilateral environmental agreements(MEAs) in African, Caribbean and Pacific(ACP) countries
United Nations Environment Programme

To address the challenges faced by developing countries in the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs), UN Environment joined forces with the European Commission and the Secretariat of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States and initiated a four year project in 2009 to assist 79 countries to enhance their capacities in implementing certain MEAs at the national and regional level. It is hoped that this publication not only illustrates some of the success stories and lessons learnt during the first phase but can also serve as a critical resource for policy makers, development practitioners and those involved in capacity building in the environmental field.


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Book chapter
Energy Profile: Algeria
United Nations Environment Programme

The population of Algeria in 2013 was just over 39 million (Table 1). In 2015, total production of electricity in the country was 65,588 ktoe with most (99.3
per cent) produced from fossil fuels. Generation from renewable sources is almost negligible. Final consumption of electricity has been increasing over the years from a low of 18,595 ktoe in 2009 to 54,313 ktoe in 2015


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Book chapter
Energy Profile: Angola
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2013, Angola had a population of just over 21 million with an energy sector dominated by hydropower and oil (IEA, 2016). Electricity production in 2015 was 617 ktoe with 73.2 per cent of it generated from hydro and 24.7 per cent from fossil fuels (AFREC, 2015). Total final consumption (TFC) of electricity has been steadily increasing in recent years, rising from 132 ktoe in 2009 to 535 ktoe in 2015. In 2015, industry used 27.4 per cent of total electricity consumption (AFREC, 2015).


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Book chapter
Energy Profile: Botswana
United Nations Environment Programme

According to the African Energy Commission (AFREC, 2015), total electricity produced in 2015 was 278 ktoe with 99.6 per cent of it produced from fossil fuels. Industry consumed 25.1 per cent of all electricity consumed in 2015. Botswana’s energy capacity is thermal, produced mostly in coal-fired plants with a few small diesel generators in rural areas. The 132 MW Morupule coal-fired station generates most of the domestic electricity supply. More than 50 per cent of Botswana’s power requirements are imported from South Africa and Zambia.


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Book/Report
Energy Profile: Benin
United Nations Environment Programme

By 2013, Benin had a population of 10.32 million. Electricity production in 2015 was 54 ktoe with 99.2 per cent of it generated from
fossil fuels. Industry consumed 22.2 per cent of electricity produced in 2015


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Book chapter
Energy Profile: Burkina Faso
United Nations Environment Programme

Burkina Faso has a population of 17.08 million. Electricity production in 2015 was 69 ktoe with 89.8 per cent of it generated from fossil fuels. Final consumption of electricity in 2015 was 86 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Book chapter
Energy Profile: Cameroon
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2013, the population of Cameroon was 22.25 million (IEA, 2016). Total electricity produced in 2015 was 628 ktoe with 75 per cent of it from
hydroelectricity. In 2015, electricity consumption was 526 ktoe; industry consumed 43.3 per cent of this (


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Book chapter
Energy Profile: Cape Verde
United Nations Environment Programme

Cape Verde had a popuplation of just over half a million people in 2013 (World Bank, 2015). Total electricity produced in 2015 was 31 ktoe, 87 per cent of which was generated from fossil fuels (AFREC, 2015).


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Book/Report
Energy Profile: Chad
United Nations Environment Programme

Although crude oil has become the country’s primary source of export earnings, energy access for the population is very low. Electricity production in 2015 was 28 ktoe with 96.4 per cent of it generated from fossil fuels. Final electricity consumption in 2015 was 20 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Book chapter
Energy Profile: Comoros
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2013, the population of the Comoros was 13.1 million people (World Bank, 2016). Electricity production in 2015 was 6 ktoe, with all of it generated from fossil fuels. Final electricity consumption in the same year was 6 ktoe (AFREC, 2015). Table 2 shows the main energy statistics.


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