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Manuals and Guides
Handbook for the International Treaties for the Protection of the Ozone Layer Sixth Edition: The Vienna Convention (1985); The Montreal Protocol (1987)
United Nations Environment Programme

This Handbook, which updates the 2000 edition, incorporates all the adjustments, amendments and the decisions of the Parties up to the end of 2002. In addition, it gives valuable information on the implementation of these international environmental treaties. In this single volume, anyone interested in the issue can find the details of legal and policy actions taken by the world community to protect the ozone layer.


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2003
Reports and Books
Afghanistan Wakhan Mission: Technical report
United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The mission was commissioned by the United National Environmental Programme (UNEP), as one of five missions visiting a selection of environmentally important locations in Afghanistan with purpose of making an initial post-conflict environmental assessment. Emphasis was placed on visiting the Big Pamir because in the late 1970s that section of the Wakhan had been designated as a National Park and an area of special interest and conservation management, due to its unique wildlife, in particular the famous Marco Polo wild sheep (Ovis ammon polii).


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2003
Reports and Books
2002 report of the flexible and rigid foams: technical options committee
United Nations Environment Programme

Historically, the blowing agent selection made by the foam plastics manufacturing industry was based heavily on CFCs. This was particularly the case in closed cell insulating foams. An assortment of CFCs and other ozone depleting substances (ODSs), including CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, CFC-114 and methyl chloroform were used in numerous foam plastic product applications. However, the effect of the phase-out process has been to create further diversification. The first technology transition in the early 1990s led to the introduction of transitional substances such as HCFCs as well as the increasing use of hydrocarbons and other non-ODSs. This transition is still taking place in Article 5(1) countries. In non-Article 5(1) countries, particularly in Europe and North America, attention is now firmly focused on the second phase of technology transition out of the transitional substances. This transition is concentrating attention on the emerging HFC-based technologies, although it should be stressed that much consideration is still being given to the optimisation of hydrocarbon and CO2 technologies1 and these technologies are gaining market share in several sectors. As before, this report details, for each foam type, the technically viable options available to eliminate CFC and other ODS use as of 2002. However, by way of departure from previous reports, this review concentrates primarily on the transition status by product group and region and on issues affecting transition. Coverage of technical options per se is now located for information purposes within the appendices only.


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2003
Reports and Books
Bamboo biodiversity: information for planning conservation and management in the Asia-Pacific region
United Nations Environment Programme

Bamboos are distinct and fascinating plants, with a wide range of values and uses. They play a significant role in biodiversity conservation and contribute to soil and water management. They are important for biomass production and play an increasing role in local and world economies. This study used an innovative approach to map potential current distributions of nearly 1 000 individual bamboo species that occur naturally within remaining forests of the Asia-Pacific region. The maps were also combined to generate regional maps showing potential species and generic richness. By quantifying the area of forest cover remaining within each species range, this study shows that more than 400 bamboo species are potentially threatened by the destruction of natural forest cover. Conservation and sustainable management of wild populations of bamboo should be high priority, especially where diversity is high or deforestation is a significant threat.


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2003
Reports and Books
Tourism and local agenda 21: the role of local authorities in sustainable tourism
United Nations Environment Programme, International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

This Study looks at how tourism has been taken into account in local Agendas 21, as drawn up and implemented by local authorities. As local authorities face the impacts of tourism development, the Agenda 21 planning framework is useful to define strategic goals for all stakeholders, and to effectively use tourism to achieve a community's main goals. A coherent collection of case studies of the implementation of Local Agenda 21 structures and processes in many destinations, it highlights lessons learned, and compares various situations ranging from developing to established municipalities and regions, in continental and island settings.


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2003