Serials
Ozonaction newsletter no. 34
United Nations Environment Programme

Newsletter dedicated to the protection of the ozone layer and implementation of Montreal Protocol. This is a quarterly publication which details Ozone action programme under the multilateral fund.


Download:
2000
Reports and Books
Natural Selection: Evolving Choices for Renewable Energy Technology and Policy
United Nations Environment Programme

The Natural Selection: Evolving Choices for Renewable Energy Technology and Policy is designed to help policy and decision makers to shift human economies to sustainable energy system.


Download:
2000
Reports and Books
Substance register: a guide to the organisation and use of chemical information
United Nations Environment Programme

This guide is an aid for companies that are going to build up a Substance Register, or want to utilise the possibilities of a Substance Register.


Download:
2000
Reports and Books
Air quality guidelines for Europe (Second edition)
World Health Organization

This publication can assist national and local agencies responsible for protecting public health from the adverse effects of ambient air pollution and for monitoring ambient air quality. Aiming to prompt good practice in monitoring and health impact assessment, this report describes strategies and methods for providing information on ambient air quality that is adequate for health impact assessment. It discusses the overall requirements for designing and operating networks for monitoring ambient air and a range of air quality models used in comprehensive programmes for air quality assessment and management.


Download:
2000
GEO
Environment Outlook of Cuba 2000 - GEO Cuba
Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Cuba (CITMA)

Integrated environmental assessment of Cuba using the GEO methodology. This report was completed by the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Cuba (CITMA) in 2001. The report follows the GEO structure, including sections on the environmental situation, existing policy responses and future outlook.


Download: Spanish
2000
GEO
GEO: Latin America and the Caribbean: Environment outlook 2000
United Nations Environment Programme

The two major causes of global environmental degradation are the continuing poverty of the majority of the planet’s inhabitants and excessive consumption by the minority (UNEP 1999a). In Latin America and the Caribbean – as in other regions of the world – many socio-economic pressures have an impact on the environment. Poverty and inequality of income are doubtless among the leading ones. Others are unsustainable agriculture, industrial development and tourism, unplanned urbanization, demographic growth, and population density. Nevertheless, the countries in the region have important climatic, biophysical, geomorphological and socio-economic differences, and this diversity makes generalized environmental policy application difficult. Three major environmental issues stand out in the region. The first concerns the region’s urban areas: three-quarters of the population live in large cities where air quality threatens human health and water shortage is common. The second problem is the depletion and destruction of forest resources, mainly in the Amazon Basin, and the threat this implies in terms of biodiversity. The third issue relates to the possible regional impact of global climate change, as reflected in phenomena such as forest fires, natural disasters such as hurricanes and floods, and the rise of sea level which threatens many coastal cities in the region and productive land on island states. During the past decade, concern for environmental issues has increased markedly and many environmental institutions and policies have been created. Nevertheless, these changes have not improved environmental stewardship significantly. Environmental management continues to concentrate on sectoral perspectives without coherent and explicit integration with economic and social strategies. The lack of financing, technology, personnel and training, and – in some cases – excessively large and complex legal frameworks, are the most common problems. Increasing environmental awareness must be reinforced through a process of environmental education and information dissemination. Economic growth of countries in the region still relies on export growth and foreign capital inflows, regardless of the consequences for the environment and with no internalization of the environmental costs of this type of policy.


Download: English
2000
Reports and Books
Trinidad and Tobago: State of the Environment Report 2000
Trinidad and Tobago, Environmental Management Authority

This Report provides an analysis and status of air pollution in Trinidad and Tobago because of the critical importance of air quality in the sustainable management of the environment and human health. Trinidad and Tobago is the most industrialized country in the Commonwealth Caribbean region and suffers the attendant environmental problems associated with the production of oil, natural gas and petrochemicals in addition to rum, soap, paint and wood products. It is not surprising therefore to find a situation in which industrial pollution particularly from oil, gas and the downstream petrochemical industry is a critical environmental issue. Furthermore the fact that Trinidad & Tobago has the highest motorization (vehicles per capita) level in Latin America and the Caribbean results in the transportation sector having a significant impact on air quality. Trinidad and Tobago therefore needs to address the environmental implications of the energy and transport sectors.


Download: English
2000
GEO
Estado Ambientale de Goiás - GEO Goiás
Brazil, Ministério do Meio Ambiente

O presente documento busca apresentar o rebatimento, no território do Estado de Goiás, dos impactos resultantes de sua ocupação e utilização em atividades antrópicas, e dos efeitos gerados a partir de políticas públicas e ações do Estado, de agentes econômicos e da sociedade civil.


Download:
2000
Reports and Books
Second ASEAN State of the Environment Report
Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

The ASEAN State of the Environment Report 2000 (SoER2), the second in the series presents a portrait of the condition of the environment and natural resources in ASEAN. It discusses the socio-economic factors and external pressures affecting the environment and its management. It takes an integrated approach in presenting the facts in line with the concept of sustainable development. The Report highlights what ASEAN has done to protect the environment and to promote sustainable development. It offers a glimpse of the prospects and challenges facing the region. At the same time, SoER2 serves as an authoritative factual manual for all who are engaged in environmental planning and intervention. It should help them to review these initiatives in terms of their impact and the lessons learnt.


Download:
2000
Reports and Books
Decision Time Cloud Forests
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

At a Tropical Montane Cloud Forest workshop held at Cambridge, U.K. in July 1998, 30 scientists, professional managers, and NGO conservation group members representing more than 14 countries and all global regions, concluded that there is insufficient public and political awareness of the status and values of Tropical Montane Cloud Forests (TMCF). The group suggested that a science-based pop-doc could be an effective initial action to remedy this. What follows is a response to that recommendation. It documents some of the scientific information that will be of interest to other scientists and managers of TMCF, but not overwhelming for a lay reader who is seeking to become more informed about these remarkable ecosystems. The purpose of this booklet, therefore, is to: Impart an understanding of what these TMCFs are and how they function, based on the best science currently available, incomplete though that information is||Engender an appreciation of the values of TMCFs and why they are important to humans and our biological consorts on this planet Earth||Develop an awareness of the forces that threaten these ecosystems and cause the losses that are resulting from our resource development activities||Arouse a concern that will influence the way and speed with which research, management, protection and policy are carried out.


Download:
2000