Chapters and Articles
Sand and Dust Storms: Subduing a Global Phenomenon - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
Shepherd, Gemma

Sand and dust storms are inter-connected with a range of environmental and development issues that extend across national, regional, and continental bounds. Anthropogenic climate change will further exacerbate decades of unsustainable land and water resource management in regions that generate sand and dust storms. This threat can be diminished by quick and effective action.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Environmental Displacement: Human mobility in the Anthropocene - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
Brown, Oli

The interlacing trends of climate change, population growth, rising consumption, large infrastructure projects and environmental degradation may lead to greater numbers of people displaced in future. This is particularly likely if these trends occur in the context of inadequate responses from governments and the international community to build the resilience of countries and communities to these changes. The most commonly cited figure is that there could be as many as 200 million people displaced for environmental reasons by 2050.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Antimicrobial Resistance: Investigating the Environmental Dimension - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
Gaze, William, Depledge, Michael

Antibiotic pharmaceuticals are used around the world to treat and prevent bacterial infections in humans, animals and even plants. They have also been used widely as growth promoters to increase meat production, although this practice was banned in the European Union in 2006. While the misuse of antibiotics in medical and agricultural practices has been linked to increasing resistance, the role of the natural environment in the emergence and spread of resistance has received relatively little attention.


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2017
Foresight Briefs
Saving Lake Faguibine - Foresight Brief No. 001 - August 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The Faguibine system, located in the Tombouktou region in Mali is a series of five interlinked lakes (Télé, Takara, Gouber, Kamango and Faguibine). In the late 19th century the floodplain extended over an area of 1,000 km–, however declining rainfall led to it shrinking to about 90 km² by 2010 (Hamerlynck, et al. 2016). Prolonged droughts over the years also led to the lake completely drying up in 1914, 1924 and 1944 (Pérez, Fernández and Gatti 2010). The decline of the Faguibine is an important issue because of its impacts on livelihood’s, food security and the resulting collapse of the natural ecosystem.


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2017
Foresight Briefs, Serials
Lake Urmia: Signs of Recovery - Foresight Brief No. 004 - November 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

Lake Urmia, located in a mountainous region between the provinces of East and West Azerbaijan in northwestern Iran is one of the country’s most important ecosystems. Recent indications are that the lake is recovering. The focus of this brief is on the extent of this recovery and measures that are being put in place to ensure this is sustained.


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2017
Foresight Briefs
Marine Plastics Litter and Microplastics - Foresight Brief No. 002 - September 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The global production of plastics has increased from 1.5 million tons in 1950s to about 300 million tons currently, at an average rate of 4 per cent per annum and is expected to continue growing (Boucher and Friot 2017). About 50 per cent of the plastics produced is for single use, and the literature estimates that 8 million tons (2.5 per cent) of the plastic produced are leaked into the oceans annually (PlasticsEurope 2016).


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2017
Foresight Briefs
The Changing Aral Sea - Foresight Brief No. 003 - October 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The Aral Sea was once the world’s fourth largest inland lake. Its hydrological balance is strongly determined by inflows from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers which are fed by glacial melt waters from the southwestern Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan and the Tien Shan Mountains that border Kyrgyzstan and China. Research indicated the Aral Sea would eventually split into two by 2030. However, re-engineering along the Syr Darya River delta in the Small Aral Sea has shown the possibilities of deliberate intervention.


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2017
Manuals and Guides
Guidelines for Assimilating Gender into Integrated Environment Assessments (IEA)
United Nations Environment Programme

These guidelines provide step by step guidance on how to address gender in the IEA process and a simple checklist for individuals or group involved in the IEA process as outlined in the IEA training manual (UNEP 2009).


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2017
Reports and Books
Accelerating the Global Adoption of Energy-efficient Electric Motors and Motor Systems
United Nations Environment Programme, United for Efficiency

The report guides policymakers on how to promote energy-efficient electric motors in their respective national markets. The report is part of a series of U4E reports on five product groups. The other reports in the series cover air conditioners, distribution transformers, lighting, and residential refrigerators. An additional overarching report, “Policy Fundamentals Guide,” provides crosscutting, general guidance critical to the establishment of​ ​a successful energy efficiency programme.


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2017
Reports and Books
The Emissions Gap Report 2017: A UN Environment Synthesis Report
United Nations Environment Programme

The eighth UN Environment Emissions Gap Report provides an up-to-date scientific assessment of the global progress towards the emissions reductions required to be on track to meet the long-term goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The overall conclusion of the assessment is that government and other stakeholder’s emissions reduction commitments are far from the level of ambition required for an emissions pathway consistent with staying below a 2°C, let alone a 1.5°C, temperature increase.


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2017