Reports and Books
ASEAN environment programme III (ASEP III), 1988-1992: Phase III of the Regional Collaborative Programme on Environment of the ASEAN Countries
United Nations Environment Programme, Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Mindful of the objectives adopted in the Manila Declaration on the ASEAN Environment on 30 April 1981 and the Bangkok Declaration on the ASEAN Environment on 29 November 1984, and recognizing the need for systematic integration of environmental concerns at all stages of economic development efforts, ASEP III sets the following programme objective:
To promote the proper management of the ASEAN environment so that it can sustain continued economic development while maintaining a high quality of life for the people of the ASEAN countries.


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Reports and Books
Assessment and Monitoring of Climatic Change Impacts on Mangrove Ecosystems - UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 154
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

As mangroves are one of the most prominent coastal ecosystems in tropical and many subtropical areas around the world, it is likely that the impact by climate change on mangroves will have greater economic and social significance, when compared to the effect of climate change on most other coastal ecosystems. This report surveys the scientific literature and estimates how the various components of the mangrove ecosystem may respond to expected climate change. It also considers the impact of climate change on the use of mangroves by man and suggests various policy options that could be used by governments to prepare for the predicted climate change.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade and Environment Briefings: Trade and Green Economy - Policy Brief 1: June 2012
United Nations Environment Programme, International Trade Center (ITC), International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Trade liberalisation has the potential to facilitate the transition to a green economy by fostering the exchange of environmentally friendly goods and services, increasing resource efficiency, generating economic opportunities and employment, and contributing to poverty eradication. However, if managed poorly, unrestrained trade can contribute to environmental degradation, unsustainable resource use and increased wealth disparities. In other words, the impact of trade on a green economy transition depends in large part on how trade policies are designed and applied and whether adequate national and institutional conditions (e.g. institutional and regulatory regimes) exist to cope with the impact of liberalisation.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade and Environment Briefings: Product Carbon Footprint Standards - Policy Briefing 9
United Nations Environment Programme, International Trade Center (ITC), International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Climate change poses an enormous challenge for farmers in developing countries. In addition to adapting to changing climatic conditions, food exporters are increasingly being asked by retailers to measure and reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of their products. As a result, new market requirements have emerged, mainly in the form of standards on ‘product carbon footprinting’ (PCFs). While PCF standards can be applied across many different sectors, they have gained significant traction in the agri-food sector.


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Reports and Books
Green Economy Sectoral Study: BioTrade: Harnessing the Potential for Transitioning to a green Economy - The Case of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in Nepal
United Nations Environment Programme

The growing global demand for natural and environmentally friendly products speaks of the vast potential of BioTrade to contribute to the strengthening of Nepal's economy and rural livelihoods. This reports provides key findings of BioTrade study held in Nepal aiming to facilitate transition to a green economy, secure social equity and environmental conservation along with economic prosperity


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Reports and Books
Green Economy: A Brief For Policymakers on the Green Economy and Millennium Development Goals
United Nations Environment Programme

Although “the environment” in an MDG context is often perceived as being confined to MDG7, which addresses serious issues such as freshwater scarcity, the spread of slums, greenhouse gas and ozone-depleting emissions, biodiversity loss and deforestation, the environment in reality is more complex. All the challenges addressed by MDG7 need to be seen also in the context of their relationship to poverty, education, health, and equitable access to opportunity. These challenges need to be targeted with international collaboration and policy solutions that reflect a multi-dimensioned understanding of the biosphere and its limits, of society and its divisions, of the political economy and its drivers, and last but not least, of our changing economic compass and the evolution in thinking that is needed to actually measure our progress towards a safe economic and ecological destination.


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Reports and Books
The Role of Supply Chains in Addressing the Global Seafood Crisis
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication provides guidance to the various stakeholders in the fisheries sector on the tools and actions necessary to address the challenges contributing to the global seafood crisis. The document reviews the complexities surrounding the current decline, and in some cases collapse, of global fish stocks. It promotes the need for a multifaceted approach to overcome the current challenges necessary to facilitate enhanced sustainability within the sector. It outlines the role various stakeholders play in addressing the key issues and impacts and highlights the importance of certification schemes, business to business relations, responsible investments and private/ public partnerships in collective action within supply chains to address the current crisis. The recommendations presented in this publication are the result of an extensive review and analysis of current initiatives, research, expert interviews and case studies in the fisheries sector and its associated supply chains.


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Reports and Books
Trade-related Measures and Multilateral Environmental Agreements
United Nations Environment Programme

The objective of this paper is to contribute to ongoing negotiations at the WTO by analyzing MEA traderelated measures in the context of the overall objective of the MEAs. In particular, the paper provides a detailed review of the main provisions and specific trade-related measures found in six “core” MEAs, which are the MEAs most frequently identified in the WTO as relevant to the negotiations. These include the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, and the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.


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Reports and Books
Climate Change and Tourism: Responding to Global Challenges
World Tourism Organization, United Nations Environment Programme

This publication notes the vulnerability of the sector to climate change and the impacts of tourism on climate itself. It provides an excellent basis to address the global phenomenon of climate change, as well as to develop practical tools that can be used by tourism policy-makers and managers to foster the sustainable growth of the industry. The impacts and opportunities pertinent to the tourism sector are also underlined in the 2007 reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the Global Environment Outlook.


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Reports and Books
Overview Organic Agriculture in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania and the Opportunities for Regional Harmonization
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Organic agriculture offers a wide range of economic, environmental, social, health and cultural benefits for developing countries. It is a powerful tool for achieving the Millennium Development Goals, particularly those related to poverty alleviation and environment. For these reasons, organic agriculture was selected by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) as one of the three thematic areas to be addressed in the framework of the UNEP-UNCTAD Capacity Building Taskforce on Trade, Environment and Development (CBTF).


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