Reports and Books
Índice de Vulnerabilidad ante Choques Climáticos: Lecciones aprendidas y sistematización del proceso y aplicación del IVACC en República Dominicana
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

Lecciones aprendidas y sistematización del proceso y aplicación del Indice de Vulnerabilidad ante Choques Climáticos en República Dominicana


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Newsletters
Global Adaptation Network Newsletter: June-July 2018
United Nations Environment Programme, Global Adaptation Network

This is a pdf version of the Global Adaptation Network Newsletter, which is emailed to subscribers every two months. Through this space you can keep track of the cutting-edge developments in the world of climate adaptation, including the latest technologies, science, international agreements, and other news from across the globe.


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Reports and Books
Action Plan to Promote Responsible Aquaculture Standards in Vietnam
United Nations Environment Programme, Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development (IPSARD), IDH, The Sustainable Trade Initiative

The application of internationally recognized sustainability standards in Vietnam's aquaculture sector is increasingly necessary, not only to promote economic efficiency and sustainability but also to enhance the green growth potential of aquaculture for national use as well as export purposes. Aware of such trend, the Government of Vietnam has been very supportive to promote sustainability standards in the Aquaculture Sector through various enabling policies and mechanisms. Examples of such are Decision No. 899/QD-TTg of the Prime Minister on agricultural restructuring towards increasing added value and sustainable development, followed by the Action plan of fisheries restructuring towards increasing added value. Despite these efforts, the Sector has been struggling to comply with internationally recognized sustainability standards due to numerous challenges, including: (i) limited financial capacity of farmers to invest in the application of standards; (ii) limited Government Budget to support standards application process; (iii) improper Government Planning for Aquaculture production; (iv) miscommunication or lack of communication between the private and public sector; (v) unbalanced market rewards for standard complying products compared with the resources invested by farmers. These factors have contributed to reducing farmers’ willingness to apply standards in their production.


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Reports and Books
Green Economy Scoping Study: Ghana
United Nations Environment Programme

The overall objective of this study, is to support and complement national initiatives on green economy through a macroeconomic review and policy analysis to understand better how government policies and public and private investment can help achieve income growth, economic development/diversification and job creation and, at the same time, contribute to social equity and environmental improvement. The study has identified three initial sectors that should receive increased strategic investment to strengthen the country’s transition to a green economy: agriculture; forestry; and industry.


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Booklets and Brochures, Factsheets
Green Economy: Briefing Paper: Trade
United Nations Environment Programme

Trade has the potential to drive a green economy by fostering the exchange of environmentally friendly goods and services, increasing resource efficiency, generating economic opportunities and employment, and contributing to poverty eradication. If managed poorly, however, unrestrained trade can contribute to environmental degradation, unsustainable resource use, and increased wealth disparities, all of which hinder a green economy transition and sustainable development objectives.


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Reports and Books
Reforming Energy Subsidies: Opportunities to contribute to the Climate Change Agenda
United Nations Environment Programme

This report summarises, in a non-technical language, the nature, types and impacts of subsidies on energy that undermine the pursuit of sustainable development. It also offers recommendations to policy makers on how to design and implement subsidies reform in an environmentally, socially and economically sound manner.


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Reports and Books
Corporate Social Responsibility and Regional Trade and Investment Agreements
United Nations Environment Programme

The United States-Peru and Canada-Peru trade agreements, which entered into force in 2009, include provisions promoting CSR principles. Although these are some of the first trade and investment agreements to mention CSR explicitly, it stands to reason that a number of future agreements may follow suit. The objective of this study is to explore the potential reflection of CSR principles and tools in bilateral and regional trade and investment agreements. In doing so, the study draws on some of the experiences of the US – and Canada-Peru agreements, as well as experiences stemming from the North American Free Trade Agreement’s (NAFTA) environmental and labour side agreements.


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Reports and Books
Artisanal Fishing: Promoting Poverty Reduction and Community Development Through New WTO Rules on Fisheries Subsidies - An Issue and Options Paper
United Nations Environment Programme

This paper deals with the question of how the protection of the artisanal fisheries sector can or should be translated into practice within the new WTO rules. In particular, the paper turns to a definitional debate of artisanal fishing and explores the difficulties associated with finding such a ready-made definition. It attempts to tease apart the why and how of fishery subsidies and endeavours to identify the limits attached to substantive and procedural conditions of such a subsidy regime. As such, the paper is set to stimulate and aid discussion among governments and other stakeholders in a need to adopt an approach that maximises incentives for truly sustainable development.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Impacts of Trade Liberalization and Policies for the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources: A Case Study on Bangladesh’s Shrimp Farming Industry
United Nations Environment Programme

The objective of the present study is to examine the environmental impacts of trade-related structural adjustment programs (SAP) policies, particularly in the shrimp culture industry. It seeks to: (a) analyse the trend and struc- ture of the export-oriented shrimp culture industry in Bangladesh against the backdrop of trade policy reform in the country, (b) undertake a simple cost-benefit analysis to assess the environmen- tal impact of shrimp cultivation, and (c) set forth a policy package for sustainable shrimp culture, integrating environmental concerns and trade expansion objectives. The research methods deployed include literature review; discussion of policy evolution, consequences and intervening factors; interpretation of empirical evidence based on statistical techniques and integration of site/ industry specific information. Thus, the study is largely based on secondary data, selectively sup- plemented by primary evidence.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Impacts of Trade Liberalization and Policies for the Sustainable Management of Natural Resources: A Case Study on Romania’s Water Sector
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is a review of studies in six countries commissioned under UNEP's "Capacity Building for Integrating Environmental Considerations into Development Planning and Decision-making" programme. Over a 2 year period, UNEP has worked closely with national institutions in Bangladesh, Chile, India, the Philippines, Romania and Uganda, to identify both the environmental impacts of trade liberalisation and the economic instruments which can be used to sustainably manage these impacts.


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