Reports and Books
Activities of UNEP in the Field of Environmental Law in 1991
United Nations Environment Programme

Since its creation in 1972, UNEP has been very active in the development of environmental law. UNEP can point to the fact that under its auspices tour major global binding agreements - the 1985 Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, the 1989 Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of hazardous Wastes and their disposal, and, very recently, the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity - have been developed and implemented. Under UNEP auspices, several regional legal agreements have been developed and implemented, namely several regional seas conventions and protocols as well as Regional Agreement on the Action Plan for the Environmentally Sound Management of the Common Zambczi River System.


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Reports and Books
African Environment Outlook: Case Studies: Human Vulnerability due to Environmental Change in Africa - Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

This report containing case studies on environmental change, human vulnerability and security, brings into focus many of the issues that are highlighted in the AEO report, by providing concrete examples of the impact of environmental change on human vulnerability, and the ways people respond to these impacts. The case studies illustrate the particular nature of vulnerability in the African context, and the specificity of the lessons and recommendations that they provide. This is indeed an important aspect of self-reliance. Sustainable development takes place in a particular context that is social, cultural and environmental in nature and therefore interventions to promote such development will be more likely to succeed by considering each set of contexts.


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Other
Mapping of Nairobi Convention’s Activities to the Sustainable Development Goals Target, focusing was on the 2018-2022 Work Programme, WIOSAP and SAPPHIRE Project Outputs and Outcomes
United Nations Environment Programme
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Reports and Books
An Analysis of Deforestation and Associated Environmental Hazards in Northern Thailand: A Joint Thailand-UNEP/GRID Case Study - GRID Case Study Series NO. 3
United Nations Environment Programme

This report is a summary of the joint activities carried out by a number of departments of the Government of Thailand, UNEP - ROAP and GRID. The project was devoted to an analysis of deforestation and associated environmental hazards in Chiang Mai Province in Northern Thailand. The basic objective was to demonstrate the potential of computer-based GIS technology for resource management and environmental planning. The study was focused on two issues, namely: Assessment of deforestation in Chiang Mai Province between 1975 to 1985. Assessment of soil-loss in Mae Kiang watershed. The magnitude and rate of deforestation in Chiang Mai Province was assessed using Landsat MSS data for the years 1975, 1979 and 1985. The study revealed that the rate of deforestation between the period 1975-79 was more than that during 1979-1985. The plausible explanation for this is that during the 1970's the Government of Thailand tried to boost agricultural production which, among other things, necessitated clearance of more forest areas for expansion of agriculture. The soil-loss analysis for Mae Kiang watershed was conducted using the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE). The results indicated that soil erosion was minimum in paddy fields of lowland areas and densely forested areas at higher altitudes which were covered with thick litter and undergrowth.


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Reports and Books
An Environmental Impact Assessment Framework for Africa
United Nations Environment Programme, Commonwealth Secretariat, Earthcare Africa

This environmental impact assessment (EIA) framework attempts to provide broad guidelines to help African countries integrate environmental concerns in their National Development Strategies (NDS) through appropriate political, social and economic structures. In some cases, NDS may need to be completely overhauled to give equal considerations to the environment in the march towards sustainable livelihoods and development. It is envisaged that this framework will provide the necessary direction in the mobilization of national human, institutional and technical capacities and resources. The focus of this framework is on development approaches that address sustainable livelihoods of Africa's populations within the context of sound environment management.


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Chapters and Articles
Analysis of the Phenology of Global Vegetation using Meteorological Satelite Data
Justice, C.O., Townshend, J.R.G., Holden, B.N., Tucker, C.J.

Coarse spatial resolution, high temporal frequency satellite data from the NOAA/AVHRR system are presented to demonstrate their utility for monitoring vegetation seasonal dynamics. The techniques for processing and analysing the data are outlined and examples are given for selected applications at a range of scales. Normalized difference vegetation index images are presented for the entire globe and for the continents of Africa, South America and south-east Asia, with descriptions of the seasonal dynamics of major vegetation formations as portrayed by the transformed AVHRR data. Monitoring of forest clearance in Brazil, the productivity of African grasslands, Indian tropical forest and Chinese agriculture are selected for discussion. The paper concludes that coarse-resolution satellite data provide a valuable tool for vegetation mapping and monitoring at regional and global scales.


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Reports and Books
APELL annotated bibliography
United Nations Environment Programme

The APELL Annotated Bibliography contains reference material on emergency planning for hazardous incidents published over the last twelve years in English, Spanish and French. A strong effort was made to find items which offer practical help to all those involved in awareness and preparedness planning. Some material on response and on the special problems of transport accidents has therefore been included, although these are not the primary concerns of the Bibliography


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Newsletters
Africa Office Newsletter - May-June 2018
United Nations Environment Programme
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Reports and Books
National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analysis (MEDA) - Tanzania
United Nations Development Programme

The majority of the coastal communities rely on coastal resources for their livelihood. The coast is of immense
strategic importance to many social and economic sectors such as shipping, fishing, tourism, trade, agriculture,
settlements and industrial developments. Recently, Tanzania has experienced a significant increase in coastal
tourism, mariculture development and natural gas exploitation. Livelihood opportunities for people living
along the Tanzanian coastline are changing; coastal areas are experiencing rapidly expanding population,
putting increasing pressure on limited resources. As farming employment optiosn decline as a result of lack of
financial assistance in the agricultural sector, more people are forced to depend on the easy and very common
pool of coastal resources, such as forests, fisheries,coastal land areas, swamps, mangroves and coral reefs. The
productivity of these resources is in decline as the environmental carrying capacity decreases due to increased
coastal pollution, depletion of fish stocks and coastal resources, extinction of species overall decline in water
quality.
The coast’s untapped potential must be harnessed, but it must be done with the appropriate safeguards that link
growth to wise management. The pressures on these resources will grow and, like other countries faced with an
expanding population, are at risk of collapse. People’s quality of life, which is inextricably tied to the resource
base, will continue to decline unless development moves hand in hand with local goals and aspirations.


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Presentation
Global Fuel Economy Initiative in Ukraine
United Nations Environment Programme, Oleg Tsilvik

Global Fuel Economy Initiative in Ukraine


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