Reports and Books
Ecology and Environmental Protection in the Pacific Region
United Nations Environment Programme

The main theme of the Congress, Natural Resources of the Pacific Ocean for the Benefit of Mankind, demonstrates an enormous interest in the Pacific region which is in many respects vitally important
for mankind. This theme, closely related to the goals of the Pacific Science Association - to develop and encourage the cooperation in the solutions of scientific problems of the Pacific region, especially those which influence the prosperity and welfare of the Pacific peoples - is very broad and diversiform.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Information Systems in Georgia
United Nations Environment Programme

Agenda 21, Chapter 40, on information for decision-making, outlines two program areas for bridging the data gap and improving information availability to ensure sustainable development. According to this guiding document, "relevant international organizations should develop practical recommendations for coordinated, harmonized collection and assessment of data on the national and international levels". The aim of this report is to assess the current status and general needs of the environmental information network in Georgia. The objective of the Assessment Report is to help "set up continuous and accurate data-collection systems and make use of geographic information systems, expert systems, models and a variety of other techniques for the assessment and analysis of data".


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Reports and Books
Environmental Information Systems in the Russian Federation
United Nations Environment Programme

The report is based on research carried out from September to November 1994, when the first draft was compiled. The text was then further revised and updated in 1995. The scope of the research included interviews with local experts in the fields of generation, use, and/or dissemination of environmental data, as well as the examination of published information sources. Among the publications consulted were scarce sources of meta-information, catalogues of general and specialised information services, current legislation and institutional structure documentation, and environmental reporting products. Publications and documents available at GRID-Arendal and conclusions of the OECD evaluation of Russia's environmental information systems were also used.


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Reports and Books
Economic Assessment of Forestry Project Impacts - FAO Forestry Paper 106
United Nations Environment Programme, World Bank, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

By the end of the 80s the shift in emphasis in forestry development towards social and environmental concerns had added complexity to forestry sector and project work. but it had not diminished the importance of a solid economic base. It was felt that the earlier publication needed to be checked both against new developments in project economics analysis and against the practical experience acquired in analysing the economic impacts of forestry projects over the decade. This concern was formally expressed by the Committee on Forest Development in the Tropics at its Ninth Session in September 1989 when it requested FAO to undertake an in-depth revision and updating of Paper No 17.
The present publication complies with this formal request. It also reflects the concern shared by FAO , UNEP and the World Bank that the scope of forestry project assessment be broadened to focus on impacts which translate effectively the role of forestry in sustainable development. This new publication is, in fact, part of a collaborative effort between the three Organizations to develop more holistic approaches to assess the economic, social and environmental impacts of forestry projects as a measure of their contribution to sustainable development. The publication is proof of this common effort and reflects a combination of the perspectives and experiences of the three Organizations. It is hoped that the impact assessment approaches recommended will be widely adopted as practical guidelines.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Integrated Assessments for Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean: GEO Cities Project
United Nations Environment Programme

Within the framework of the GEO project and responding to the call of the Forum of Ministers of the Environment and activities related to the Johannesburg Summit, the GEO Cities project was launched in 2001 This project aims at promoting a better understanding at the dynamics of cities and their environments, providing local governments, scientists, policy makers and the public in general in the region with reliable and up-to-date information about their cities. The objectives of the project are to: - Recognize the links between environmental conditions and human activities, especially those related to urban development, - Contribute to build local technical capacities that will permit integrated assessments to be made on the state of the urban environment. Guide consensus building on the most critical environmental problems in each city and encouraging all sectors of society to engage in dialogue and participate in the decision making process, - Make it possible to formulate and implement urban strategies and plans that will help Cities improve urban environmental management, - Encourage the creation at institutional networks in the city.


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Reports and Books
Energy Savings in the Transport Sector - Technical Report No. 25
United Nations Environment Programme

This report examines transport systems and focuses particularly on road transport. It seeks to provide decision-makers in governments at national and local levels, as well as managers of transport systems, with key elements of the information they need to design or improve energy-efficient transportation systems.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Law in UNEP
United Nations Environment Programme

The thrust of UNEP's environmental law activity comes from the decisions of its Governing Council and is strengthened by such major UNEP programme documents as the "In-depth Review of Environmental Law" (pertaining to environmental law both within and outside the United Nations system) and the conclusions of the Ad Hoc Meeting of Senior Governotent Officials Expert in Environmental Law, held in Montevideo in 1981. At Montevideo, government legal experts drafted recommenda-tians lot the developiiient and periodic review of environmental law and stressed the hurdles facing implementation, ratification and enforcement of international environmental agreements. The Montevideo recommen- dations were transformed into a series of specific activities and projects.


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Reports and Books
Country Case Study on Sources and Sinks of Greenhouse Gases in Coasta Rica - Final Report
United Nations Environment Programme

In accordance with Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), all Parties are required to develop, periodically update, publish and make avail-able to the Conference of the Parties, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol using comparable methodologies to be agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties. A methodology for conducting such inventories was developed by the OECD Environment Directorate, the International Energy Agency (lEA), and the IPCC Working Group I Techni-cal Support Unit and was proposed as the standard methodology as required under the Convention.
In order to test and further refine the method, the UNEP Atmosphere Unit, working in collaboration with the UNEP Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented a series of nine complementary national studies using these "IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories". This report is one of the nine technical reports resulting from this effort.


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Reports and Books
Country Case Study on Sources and Sinks in Morocco : Final Report
United Nations Environment Programme

In accordance with Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), all Parties are required to develop, periodically update, publish and make avail-able to the Conference of the Parties, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol using comparable methodologies to be agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties.


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Reports and Books
Country Case Study on Sources and Sinks of Greenhouse Gases in the Gambia - Final Report
United Nations Environment Programme

In accordance with Article 4 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), all Parties are required to develop, periodically update, publish and make avail-able to the Conference of the Parties, national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of all greenhouse gases not controlled by the Montreal Protocol using comparable methodologies to be agreed upon by the Conference of the Parties. This report is one of the nine technical reports resulting from this effort.


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