Reports and Books
Water Resources Development and Vector-borne diseases in Kenya: Proceedings of a Seminar on Water Resources Development and Vector-Borne Diseases in Kenya
United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, World Health Organization

At the end of the 1980s the troubled relationship between the biosphere of planet Earth and the man-driven process of economic development came to the foreground as the key topic in international discussions almost independent of which subject, they were addressing. At the beginning of the 1990s sustainability has become the bottom line of deliberations in bilateral and multilateral fora on specific development issues as well as on development at large.


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Factsheets
Safe Use of HCFC Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning: Flammable Refrigerants
United Nations Environment Programme

Factsheet: As the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) progresses, it is expected that there will be a considerably higher uptake, in particular in developing countries of ‘alternative refrigerants’, such as hydrocarbons, ammonia, carbon dioxide, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –or HFOs. Many of these alternative refrigerants have particular characteristics in terms of toxicity, flammability and high pressure which are different from those used previously such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and HCFCs. When refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment is installed, serviced, repaired and dismantled, safety issues need to be carefully evaluated and considered particularly when servicing technicians have to deal with refrigerants with properties that they were previously not familiar with. It is therefore important that the refrigeration and airconditioning industry adapts to both the technical and safety issues concerning these refrigerants.


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Factsheets
Safe Use of HCFC Alternatives in Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning: Higher Pressure Refrigerants
United Nations Environment Programme

As the phase out of hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) progresses, it is expected that there will be a considerably higher uptake, in particular in developing countries, of ‘alternative refrigerants’, such as hydrocarbons, ammonia, carbon dioxide, unsaturated hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) –or HFOs. Many of these alternative refrigerants have particular characteristics in terms of toxicity, flammability and high pressure which are different from those used previously such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and HCFCs. When refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment is installed, serviced, repaired and dismantled, safety issues need to be carefully evaluated and considered particularly when servicing technicians have to deal with refrigerants with properties that they were previously not familiar with. It is therefore important that the refrigeration and airconditioning industry adapts to both the technical and safety issues concerning these refrigerants.


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Reports and Books
Workshop on the Strengthening of Co-operation Based on Chemicals and Hazardous Wastes Conventions: 12th Training Course - Prague, March 15 - 17, 2004
United Nations Environment Programme, Basel Convention

Safety chemicals and waste management are areas of particular importance for the Czech Republic as a country with the relatively strong chemical industry. Waste management is covered with the strong legislation in the Czech Republic. A strict quantification of non-hazardous and hazardous waste, their separation, recovery and utilization is followed by secured and controlled final disposal. Utilization and disposal facilities are evaluated according to environment impact assessment process.


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Reports and Books
Workshop on the Practical Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in the Baltic Countries
United Nations Environment Programme

The workshop on the Practical Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in tine Baltic Countries, held in Tallinn from 16 - P October 1994. was an important step in facilitating the follow-up of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) at the sub-regional level. As an input to emerging national biodiversity programmes, the workshop elaborated a set of recommendations for national and sub-regional strategies for the ratification and implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity.


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Reports and Books
World Resources 2008: Roots Resilience - Growing the Wealth of the Poor
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

Three-Quarters of the World’s Forest Citizens- those living on less than $2 per day- are dependent on the environment for a significant part of their daily livelihoods. Climate change, therefore, adds a real urgency to the efforts of the many institutions that work to improve the lives of the poor.


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Reports and Books
World Map of Present-Day Landscapes : An Explanatory Note
United Nations Environment Programme

The wall-chart World Map of Present-Day Landscapes is designed to raise awareness among policy-makers and decision-makers,
as well as among students, scholars and the environmentally concerned public at large, on the scope and tendencies of human-induced laudscape transformation at the global level.


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Reports and Books
Problems And Prospects Desertification of Desertification Control in the ESCAP Region
United Nations Environment Programme, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Desertification has always been one of the major environmental problems of the developing countries in Asia as well as Australia. To focus world attention on this serious problem, the United Nations Conference on Desertification was convened in 1977 and adopted a Plan of Action to Combat Desertification for promoting and catalysing concerted efforts to counter this disaster. Echoing the recommendations of the Con- ference, the United Nations General Assembly, in its resolution 32/172, requested the regional commissions to support national efforts and co-operate with governments in their plans to combat deser-tification. In response, ESCAP organized a Technical Workshop in October 1981 to consider the steps taken by the Governments of the region to implement the Plan of Action.
After reviewing the problems, progress and prospects in combating desertification, the Workshop felt that the order of priorities of the Plan of Action should be rearranged so as to ensure more efficient use of resources while recommending a series of activities in research, monitoring, training and information for concerted action at the regional level.


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Reports and Books
The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification 1996-1997
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization, International Labour Organization

The WHO Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard was approved by the 28th World Health Assembly in 1975 and has since gained wide acceptance. When it was published in the WHO Chronicle, 22, 397-401 (1975), an annex, which was not part of the Classification, illustrated its use by listing examples of classification of some pesticidal active ingredients and their formulations. Later suggestions were made by Member States and pesticide registration authorities that further guidance should be given on the classification of individual pesticides. Guidelines were first issued in 1978, and have since been revised and reissued at 2-yearly intervals.


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Reports and Books
Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals under Single Exposure
Izmerov, N. F., Sanotsky, I. V., Sidorov, K. K.

The translation and publication of this book has been carried out at the Centre of International Projects under the State Committee of the USSR for Science and Technology in cooperation with the Research Institute of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases within the framework of the USSR—UNEP/1RPTC Project <Control of Hazards posed by Chemicals to Human Health and the Environment>.


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