Reports and Books
A Suggested National Soils Policy for Jamaica
United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The soils policy suggested in this document is meant to be illustrative rather than exhaustive in character, and by no means a substitute for local experience, foresight or prudence. The Suggested National Soils Policy is meant to form an element within the national policies on land use, forestry and the environment. It sets out specific issues related to soil productivity and conservation which can then be inocrporated in the different aspects of planning and development.


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Reports and Books
European Stakeholder Meeting on Sustainable Consumption and Production: Meeting Report and Co-chairs' Summary
United Nations Environment Programme, European Commission

The meeting was organised in response to the call of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) Plan of Implementation for the development of a 10-year framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production, in support of national and regional initiatives. All countries were requested to take action, with developed countries taking the lead. Progress made in developing and promoting the framework, also referred to as the Marrakech process', will be reviewed in the 2010/2011 sessions of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD). The objectives of the meeting were to: contribute to the implementation of the Johannesburg commitments on sustainable consumption and production; recognise the crucial roles of each stakeholder and encourage their commitment to sustainable consumption and production; share information on ongoing activities, identify priority areas as well as potential gaps in policies and tools; identify means for implementing policies and activities.


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Reports and Books
A Global Assessment of Hypoxia: Causes, Impacts and Recommendations
United Nations Environment Programme

There is currently insufficient understanding of how marine nutrient cycles, marine ecosystems and human socioeconomics are interlinked in the eutrophication process. This report aims toward a better understanding of these links to enable marine and coastal managers and policy makers to make informed decisions to lessen the impacts of hypoxia. Eutrophication is a global problem and thus this report focuses on a global scale. However case studies of serious concern are also examined, as nutrient input must be addressed at an ecosystem level. This report will help explain the ecosystem impacts, the natural and anthropocentric causes and human socio-economic consequences of eutrophication. This report will also identify gaps in the present state of knowledge and it will provide a review of regulations and policies and options for mitigative action.


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Reports and Books
Exposure Monitoring of Lead and Cadmium: An International Pilot Study within the WHO/UNEP Human Exposure Assessment Location (HEAL) Programme Technical Report
United Nations Environment Programme, World Health Organization

This pilot study was one of the first to be developed and implemented as part of the HEAL project The experience gained shows that, although costly and complicated, it is possible to make comparable measurements on an international scale. It was possible to identify a number of problems in the collection and analysis of different types of exposure monitoring samples, as well as to identify the major routes of exposure. Such information is valuable for the design of a full-scale study on a representative sample of the general population.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Liability & Compensation Regimes: A Review
United Nations Environment Programme

The Study reviews a number of existing and draft legal instruments, and further, offers a general assessment of the common features and trends in the existing civil liability and compensation regimes. As the Review shows, there are numerous legal instruments - MEAs, regional environmental agreements, national laws, soft law instruments, and judicial precedents - which are concerned with apportionment of liability and compensation caused by damaging activities - whether these be caused to natural resources, human health, or to property.


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Reports and Books
A Estrategia Global da Biodiversidade
United Nations Environment Programme, World Resources Institiute

Toda a vida na Terra faz parte de urn grande siste-ma interdependente, que simultanearnente interage e depende dos componentes abiOticos do planeta: atmos-fera, oceanos, água doce, rochas e solos. A hurnanida-de é totalmente dependente dessa cornunidade viva - dessa biosfera - da qual todos sornos parte No passado remoto, as açOes humanas eram insig-nfficantes quando confrontadas corn os processos dorni-nantes da Natureza. Já não é assim. A espécie hurnana agora influencia os processos fundamentais do planeta. A destruição da camada de ozônio, a po1ui0o no mun-do inteiro e as rnudancas climáticas são testernunhas do nosso poder


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Reports and Books
Environmental Codes of Conduct : Technical Report No. 29
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication is produced in order to: + review existing codes of conduct at the national and mternational level which relate to the industry as a whole and to key sectors of the industry; + to review codes related to tourists and to host popu-lations; + suggest the main areas to be covered in developing codes of conduct for the industry and provide examples of clauses from existing codes which cover these areas; and + provide examples of programmes and initiatives car-ried out by governments, industry associations, companies and NGOs in support of sustainable tourism practices.


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Manuals and Guides
A Guide to Environmental Administration in-Service Training
United Nations Environment Programme, International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

This guide sets out the case for the training of generalist and specialist personnel in environmental administration, and is intended to be used to justify, encourage, plan and help carry out such training. The ultimate purpose of training in environmental administration is to foster the attitudes and values, and develop the skills and knowledge consistent with and necessary for attaining these objectives, and the integration of conservation and development. Fundamental to this training are the concepts of conservation and development as defined in the World Conservation Strategy (WCS), and it is recommended that the reader refer to this document in conjunction with the present guide. It is further recommended that the WCS be used as a major reference source in training.


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Reports and Books
Report of the Workshop on Chemical Hazards for African Countries, Nairobi, September 14-18, 1987
United Nations Environment Programme

The workshop was held to review and assess the magnitude of chemical hazards in Africa; to review and assess the current status of capabilities for dealing with these hazards; to explore possibilities for co-operation between individual countries and on a regional basis with the involvement of the United Nations system; to identify priorities for action.


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Reports and Books
Environmental Aspects of the Metal Finishing Industry : A Technical Guide - Technical Report Series No. 1
United Nations Environment Programme

This is the first issue in a new Technical Report Series that regroups the Guidelines, Overviews, Technical Reviews and Workshop Proceedings previously published by UNEP/IEO. As before, the Technical Report Series aims to meet the needs of a wide range of government officials, industry managers and environment protection associations, by providing information on the issues and methods of environmental management relevant to various industrial sectors


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