Reports and Books
Phytotechnologies: A Technical Approach in Environmental Management - Freshwater Management Series No. 7
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of this publication is to provide a conceptual overview of phytotechnologies and their importance in relation to various environmental problems and potential solutions. Although it does not address all aspects of phytotechnology, it does provide the basis of a conceptual framework for understanding the importance of ecosystems approaches in helping to achieve sustainable development objectives.


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2003
GEO
Perspectivas de la Biodiversidad en Centroamérica
United Nations Environment Programme (PNUMA), Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo (CCAD)

El proyecto Perspectivas de la Biodiversidad en Centroamérica 2003 busca realizar un análisis regional que trascienda el análisis por países, aplicando el enfoque de ecosistemas recomendado desde el año 2000 por la Conferencia de las Partes de la Convención de Diversidad Biológica. El objetivo específico de este proyecto es evaluar el estado de la conservación de la biodiversidad de los principales ecosistemas existentes en la región centroamericana, considerando las presiones e impactos socioeconómicos y naturales que se ejercen sobre ellos.


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2003
GEO
Informe National del Estado del Ambiente - GEO Guatemala
Ministerio de Ambiente y Recursos Natureles, Guatemala

Este informe es parte de un proceso regional participativo promovido por el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente (PNUMA)||y permite tratar los temas ambientales teniendo en cuenta los aspectos económicos, sociales y ambientales||además, facilita la comparación entre los países que utilicen la metodología del Global Environmental Outlook (GEO).


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2003
GEO
Perspectivas del Medio Ambiente Urbano - GEO Buenos Aires
Instituto de Medio Ambiente y Ecología (IMAE), Argentina

La metodología de GEO Ciudades proporcionada por el Programa de Naciones Unidas para el Medio Ambiente - Oficina Regional para América Latina y el Caribe (PNUMA- ORPALC), da un modelo para los informes ambientales integrados y éste fue el utilizado en GEO Buenos Aires. El Proyecto GEO Ciudades responde a una prioridad de la región y del Foro de Ministros y tiene como objetivo promover una mejor comprensión de la dinámica de las ciudades y sus ambientes, suministrando a gobiernos locales, científicos, formuladores de políticas y público en general, información confiable y actualizada sobre sus ciudades. Se analizan las condiciones y tendencias ambientales y se evalúan las fuerzas motoras y políticas que influencian o causan las tendencias ambientales.


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2003
Reports and Books
2003 Green Korea: Towards the Harmonization of Humans and Nature
Republic of Korea, Ministry of Environment

The Republic of Korea will develop and implement various environmental policies to realize environmental soundness, economic efficiency and social balance. Major Environmental Policies and Activities post 2002 FIFA World Cup


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2003
Reports and Books
Changes in the State of Conservation of Mt. Kenya Forests: 1999-2002
Kenya Wildlife Service (KWS), DICE, KFWG, United Nations Environment Programme

In 1999, Kenya Wildlife Service, with support from UNEP, undertook a systematic aerial survey of the forests of Mt. Kenya. The findings of the survey revealed extensive forest destruction across the mountain ecosystem. As a strategic response, Mt. Kenya forests were afforded the enhanced protection status of a National Reserve in July 2000 and placed under the management of Kenya Wildlife Service. This report reviews the changes in the state of conservation of Mt. Kenya since 2000. The objectives of this report in monitoring the changes in Mt. Kenya forests are: - To assess changes in the state of conservation of Mt. Kenya forests since 1999||- To assess the effectiveness of the new management practices put in place on Mt. - To identify emerging or prevalent threats to conservation of the forests||and, - To recommend interventions in support of the conservation of forests.


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2003
Serials
Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin - Volume-Based Waste Fee System
Republic of Korea, Ministry of Environment

In order to reduce waste generation at the source and maximize waste recycling, the Korean government introduced the Volume-Based Waste Fee (VBWF) system in 1995. In Korea, local municipalities have a responsibility to collect, recycle and treat municipal solid waste from household, small business and commercial sectors. Traditionally, all municipalities levied waste fee on each household through property tax or monthly lumpsum fee. Under this fixed-fee system, cost per each residence remained constant regardless of the amount of waste generated, which created a false impression that management services of municipal solid wastes are free of charge. Households and commercial sectors are required to purchase designated VBWF bags to throw away their garbage under the VBWF system. This way, the public has more incentive to generate less waste because they pay for waste treatment in proportion to the amount they dispose. By providing a free collection mechanism for recyclable waste, VBWF induces the public to be more active in waste separation and promotes waste recycling.


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2003
Reports and Books
Democratic People's Republic of Korea: State of the Environment Report
Ministry of Land and Environment Protection ( MLEP), Democratic People’s Republic of Korea

The objectives of the DPR Korea State of the Environment ( SoE) report are: identify the key environmental issues that act as barriers to attain sustainable development, and provide policy settings and options that can be undertaken to offset any negative environmental trends. Five priority key environmental issues have been identified by the Government of DPR Korea through the consultative process following the UNEP guidelines. The five priority issues are (1) forest depletion, (2) water quality degradation, (3) air pollution, (4) land degradation, and (5) biodiversity. The Pressure-State-Impact-Response (P-S-I-R) framework analysis has been used to evaluate the five environmental issues.


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2003
Reports and Books
Marine litter: trash that kills
United Nations Environment Programme

Marine litter is a vicious killer of marine mammals, seabirds and many other life forms in the marine and coastal environment. It also entails substantial economic costs and losses to, e.g., fisherman, boat owners in general, coastal communications, farmers, power stations and individuals.


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2003
Reports and Books
Bamboo Biodiversity: Asia-Pacific Region
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP-WCMC Biodiversity Series 14. Bamboos are distinct and fascinating plants, with a wide range of values and uses. They play a significant role in biodiversity conservation and contribute to soil and water management. They are important for biomass production and play an increasing role in local and world economies. This study used an innovative approach to map potential current distibutions of nearly 1 000 individual bamboo species that occur naturally within remaining forests of the Asia-Pacific region. The maps were also combined to generate regional maps showing potential species and generic richness. By quantifying the area of forest cover remaining within each species' range, this study shows that more than 400 bamboo species are potentially threatened by the destruction of natural forest cover. Conservation and sustainable management of wild populations of bamboo should be high priority, especially where diversity is high or deforestation is a significant threat.


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2003