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Chapters and Articles
Antimicrobial Resistance: Investigating the Environmental Dimension - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
Gaze, William, Depledge, Michael

Antibiotic pharmaceuticals are used around the world to treat and prevent bacterial infections in humans, animals and even plants. They have also been used widely as growth promoters to increase meat production, although this practice was banned in the European Union in 2006. While the misuse of antibiotics in medical and agricultural practices has been linked to increasing resistance, the role of the natural environment in the emergence and spread of resistance has received relatively little attention.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Nanomaterials: Applying the Precautionary Principle - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
McGlade, Jacqueline

The recent advances in nanotechnology and nanoscience have introduced nanoscale materials with emergent physical and chemical properties to transform the world.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Marine Protected Areas: Securing Benefits for Sustainable Development - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
Jones, Peter, Murray, Ruth, Vestergaard, Ole

Marine protected areas offer one of the best options for maintaining or returning ocean and coastal ecosystems to healthy conditions, particularly when developed as part of a wider management system. Ecological benefits come from protecting species, habitats and ecosystem functions. Social benefits come from engaging stakeholders in the planning and the fair sharing of benefits. Economic benefits come from ensuring the long-term sustainable use of natural resources and tourism incomes. The combined impact could support many of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including reducing poverty, improving food security and tackling impacts of climate change.


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2017
Summaries
The Emissions Gap Report 2017 - Executive Summary
United Nations Environment Programme

The eighth UN Environment Emissions Gap Report provides an up-to-date scientific assessment of the global progress towards the emissions reductions required to be on track to meet the long-term goal of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
The overall conclusion of the assessment is that government and other stakeholder’s emissions reduction commitments are far from the level of ambition required for an emissions pathway consistent with staying below a 2°C, let alone a 1.5°C, temperature increase.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Sand and Dust Storms: Subduing a Global Phenomenon - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
Shepherd, Gemma

Sand and dust storms are inter-connected with a range of environmental and development issues that extend across national, regional, and continental bounds. Anthropogenic climate change will further exacerbate decades of unsustainable land and water resource management in regions that generate sand and dust storms. This threat can be diminished by quick and effective action.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Environmental Displacement: Human mobility in the Anthropocene - Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
Brown, Oli

The interlacing trends of climate change, population growth, rising consumption, large infrastructure projects and environmental degradation may lead to greater numbers of people displaced in future. This is particularly likely if these trends occur in the context of inadequate responses from governments and the international community to build the resilience of countries and communities to these changes. The most commonly cited figure is that there could be as many as 200 million people displaced for environmental reasons by 2050.


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2017
Reports and Books
The State of Plastics: World Environment Day Outlook 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

The benefits of plastic are undeniable. The material is cheap, lightweight and easy to make. These qualities have led to a boom in the production of plastic over the past century. This trend will continue as global plastic production skyrockets over the next 10 to 15 years. We are already unable to cope with the amount of plastic waste we generate. Only a tiny fraction is recycled. About 13 million tonnes of plastic leak into our oceans every year, harming biodiversity, economies and, potentially, our own health.

The world urgently needs to rethink the way we manufacture, use and manage plastic. This paper sets out the latest thinking on how we can achieve this. It looks at what governments, businesses and individuals can do to check the runaway production and consumption of plastic.


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Reports and Books
Frontiers 2017: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern
United Nations Environment Programme

This planet and its people face a growing number of challenges. They are as diverse as our cultures and environments, but they can all be tackled through a combination of science, policy and action. The Frontiers 2017 report presents six emerging issues of environmental concern with global implications: Antimicrobial resistance, nanomaterials, marine protected areas, sand and dust storms, solar energy, and environmental displacement.


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