Reports and Books
The Role of Natural Resources in Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration: Addressing Risks and Seizing Opportunities
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

This report focuses on the role of natural resources in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programmes and illustrates how the management of natural resources can be used to promote more effective and sustainable reintegration. Part 1 of the report explores the relationship between natural resources, conflict economies and armed groups. Part 2 introduces the linkages between various natural resource sectors and DDR programmes, covering both potential risks as well as opportunities. Part 3 elaborates on the key entry points for DDR programmes to engage different natural resources sectors, particularly for reinsertion and reintegration activities. The recommendations put forward in Part 4 help policy makers and practitioners to effectively integrate the opportunities and mitigate the risks from natural resources to ensure more sustainable and effective DDR programmes.


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2013
Reports and Books
Haiti - Dominican Republic: Environmental Challenges in the Border Zone 
United Nations Development Programme

This report presents the findings, conclusions and recommendations of an 18 month long assessment of the border between the two countries that share the Caribbean island of Hispaniola – Haiti, the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and the Dominican Republic, a middle-income country. It provides up-to-date information and confirms the close relationship that exists between the state of trans-boundary natural resources, poverty, and recurring social conflicts.


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2013
Reports and Books
Jamaica - National Report for Third International Conference
Dr Michael Witter, Government of Jamaica, United Nations Development Programmeme (United Nations Development Programmeme)

Jamaicas preparation for the Third International Conference on the sustainabledevelopment of Small Island Developing States, (SIDS) scheduled to take place inApia, Samoa in mid-2014, began with a review of the progress made in theimplementation of the Barbados Programme of Action (BPOA) agreed in 1994,and the Mauritius Strategy for the further Implementation of the BPOA (MSI),agreed in 2005, and a national consultation on the new and emerging issues forJamaica and the rest of theSIDS. This document synthesizes the reports of both of these exercises on the eve of the regional conference of Caribbean SIDS toprepare for the upcoming conference in Samoa. Proposed issues for Jamaica and the SIDS to engage at the Samoa meeting were collated from targeted interviews with policy-makers and business persons, andpresentations and workshop reports from the national consultation. Thedominant issues in the respective categories were:managing the impact of climate change relieving the debt burden and securing investment resources to stimulate the development of a dynamic green economyeliminating poverty and all forms of inequity pursuing inclusive governance as a key element inbuilding enhanced regional and national capacities for implementation of commitments forging and sustaining working partnerships, especially among SIDS and with the rapidly developing countries of the South finding and securing, urgently, an appropriate space in the international architecture to locate and pursue the interests of SIDS


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2013
Reports and Books
UNEP global environmental alert service: April 2013
United Nations Environment Programme

Invasive alien species are a major global challenge requiring urgent action. They are considered one of the key pressures on world’s biodiversity: altering ecosystem services and processes, reducing native species abundance and richness, and decreasing genetic diversity of ecosystems.


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2013
Reports and Books
World Ocean Review 2, The Future of Fish – The Fisheries of the Future
World Ocean Review(WOR)

Our first World Ocean Review (WOR) was published more than a year ago. This status report took a comprehensive look at the seas and encapsulated the current state of ocean science. It was read by almost 70,000 people, who either obtained a hard copy in German or English from non-profit organization maribus, or downloaded it as a PDF file from our homepage at www.worldoceanreview.com. Its readers included teachers, students, scientists and interested laypeople. Moreover, the WOR received intense media attention, with TV (e.g. “Tagesschau”, the German evening news), online (e.g. “Spiegel Online” ), radio and print coverage. It was also presented personally to members of parliament in Brussels, and to Federal Chancellor Merkel in Berlin. The feedback we received was all positive, with many people commending its mix of scientific excellence and readability. The original WOR was a world first in that it was comprehensible to all, but also provided a sound basis for media debate, policy developments and lectures. It is maribus’ aim to publish a World Ocean Review each year. The first edition focused on the broad picture, while subsequent WORs will take a more in-depth look at individual aspects of the oceans. Interrelationships which are frequently presented in an abbreviated and simplified form will be thoroughly investigated and presented in all their complexity. Nonetheless the close cooperation between world-leading research scientists and “mare” magazine journalists guarantees that the articles will be straightforward and easily understood by all. They will provide a knowledge base for policy-makers and journalists wishing to hone their awareness of the problems involved. This new report (WOR 2) focuses on fish and their exploitation. Fish have always been a vital source of life for mankind – not only as a food. Fish are still an essential element of the daily diet in most regions of the world. At the same time fisheries provide a livelihood to entire coastal regions and still have great economic clout. All this, however, is in jeopardy and is coming under close scrutiny. Fish stocks are declining worldwide, entire marine regions are considered overfished, and some species are on the Red List of Threatened Species. It is not our intention with this World Ocean Review 2 to press the panic button. But by pointing out the true facts surrounding fish stocks and fisheries we seek to come to grips with an extremely complex situation. Only sound knowledge – not alarmism, nor appeasement – will save these vitally important inhabitants of the world’s oceans.


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2013
Reports and Books
Drawing down N2O to protect climate and the ozone layer: a UNEP synthesis report
United Nations Environment Programme

This report addresses the benefits of drawing down nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions. N2O is now the most significant ozone-depleting substance emission and the third most important greenhouse gas released into the atmosphere. Global anthropogenic N2O emissions are rapidly increasing and are expected to almost double by 2050 unless mitigation action is accelerated. The continued build-up of N2O in the atmosphere will continue to deplete the stratospheric ozone layer and in so doing will to a degree undermine the achievements of the Montreal Protocol. The build-up of N2O will also make it more difficult to achieve climate targets.


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2013
Serials
UNEP global environmental alert service: September 2013
United Nations Environment Programme

This issue focuses on the impacts of this reported accelerated loss of tropical glaciers to water supplies in Peru as well as broader impacts to the hydrologic cycle, future water supplies and ecosystem status.


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2013
Reports and Books
Financing for Sustainable Development in Small Island Developing States (SIDS)
Meng Li, David Le Blanc

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) is a term that first appeared at the 1992 United NationsConference on Environment and Development (UNCED) to focus the attention of the internationalcommunity on the unique characteristics and challenges of the small, ecologically fragile, andeconomically vulnerable island states.This note was prepared as a background document for the upcoming Third International Conferenceon SIDS, scheduled to take place in Samoa in September 2014. It aims to provide a quick overview ofthe main components of sustainable development financing in SIDS, based on numerical indicatorand the latest available data. The note covers the following dimensions: heterogeneity of SIDS;domestic sources of financing||and external sources of financing. It does not provide policyrecommendations.


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2013
Reports and Books
Kiribati National Assessment Report On the Implementation of the BPOA, MSI+5, MDGs and Rio+20 for Sustainable Development in KIRIBATI
Mr Riteti Maninraka;Ms Meaua Namane Tooki

This National Assessment Report is the outcome of the stocktakingcarried outin May to June 2013 by two local consultants, commissioned by the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development. The stocktakingfocused on the programs and implementationrequirements identified in the BPOA, MSI+5, MDGs and Rio+20in terms of how as well as the extent to which they have been adopted and implemented by Kiribati. These programs include but are not limited to the following: (a) climate change and sea level rise;(b) natural and environmental disasters||(c) management of wastes||(d) coastal and marine resources||(e) freshwater resources||(f) land resources||(g) energy resources||(h) tourism, biodiversity;(i) transportation and communication;(J) Human Resource Development||and(k) Health. The report structure follows the UN Cooperation in Kiribati standard structure with seven main sections:Section2has two parts: (a) the first part presents the country context in terms of itsgeographical characteristics, population and demography, political and economic situations||whilst (b) the second part presents the global programs and national framework for sustainable development. Section 3 presents Kiribatis progress in connection with the implementation of the Global Sustainable Development Programs, including National Monitoring & Coordination Mechanisms for Overseas Development Assistance/Programs. Section 4presents the Emerging Challenges/Issues to sustainable development whilst Section 5presents Kiribatis post-2015 Sustainable Development Priorities. The reports Conclusion and Recommendations are covered under Section 6 and Section 7, respectively.


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2013
Serials
UNEP global environmental alert service: February 2013
United Nations Environment Programme

Dust storms can have high interannual, as well as annual and decadal, variability, thus it is important that more research is conducted over longer periods of time to analyze trends and associated storm severity. With increased information about long term trends, more accurate forecasts of dust storm movements can be developed, the appropriate efforts to mitigate damage can be put into place and effective early warning can be communicated.


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2013