Serials
Tunza vol. 7 No.1: your Planet needs you
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP magazine for youth.


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2009
Reports and Books
WHO guidelines for indoor air quality: dampness and mould
World Health Organization

This document provides a comprehensive review of the scientific evidence on health problems associated with building moisture and biological agents. The review concludes that the most important effects are increased prevalences of respiratory symptoms, allergies and asthma as well as perturbation of the immunological system.The document also summarizes the available information on the conditions that determine the presence of mould and measures to control their growth indoors. WHO guidelines for protecting public health are formulated on the basis of the review. The most important means for avoiding adverse health effects is the prevention (or minimization) of persistent dampness and microbial growth on interior surfaces and in building structures.


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2009
Reports and Books
State of the Environment (SoE) Report - India
Ministry of Environment and Forests - Government of India

In the global context of State of the Environment (SoE) Reporting, India is probably unique. Over the last two decades, the Indian SoE reporting experience has ranged from grassroots initiatives like wall posters and citizens reports to media and academic documents and more formal government documents. While the quality of these outputs have been mixed, some of the processes adopted and products developed have been pioneering. Consequently, they have contributed to support policy and decision-making within the country and also for reporting to the global system. With such a vast range of expertise and experience, Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India initiated the SoE reporting process with all State Governments and Union Territories (UTs) through a plan scheme in the Tenth Five Year Plan. The process was initiated in October 2002 and included streamlined data collection and collation systems, cross-sectoral consultative processes, a reporting systems using a range of static and interactive media, and linking SoE Reporting with logical follow-up decision and action. The basic aim of the scheme is to bring out an overview of the environmental scenario of the States/UTs for mainstreaming environment in policy and decision-making. It is anticipated that through the SoE Reports, State Governments and UT Administrations would be able to integrate environmental dimensions in their socio-economic planning for sustainable development. The report provides an insight on various priority issues for India related to the current status of environment and natural resources, the pressures behind environmental changes and the impacts associated with these changes. The report also assesses the Government's current and proposed policy initiatives or programmes as a response to check and monitor further degradation of environment and also suggests policy options


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2009
Reports and Books
Towards sustainable production and use of resources: assessing biofuels
United Nations Environment Programme

This report provides an overview of the key problems and perspectives and use of biofuels. It is based on an extensive literature study, taking into account recent major reviews. The focus is on so-called first generation biofuels while considering further lines of developments.


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2009
Reports and Books
The State of the Worlds Indigenous Peoples
The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs Secretariat

The United Nations is commonly seen as one of humankinds’ most ambitious projects, striving to attain human rights, development and peace and security for all. In many ways, the ambitious, lofty nature of its goals is both the United Nations greatest strength and its greatest challenge. Despite unprecedented progress made during the United Nations first sixty years, there remains a lingering frustration that the poorest of the poor, the most marginalized and discriminated against, still do not enjoy their basic human rights, development or security. Indigenous peoples concerns have not always been represented at the United Nations and, for the first decades of existence of the Organization, their voices were not heard there. This has slowly changed and the United Nations system has, in recent years, taken a number of steps to atone for past oversights, increasingly building partnerships with indigenous peoples. There has been a vigorous and dynamic interface between indigenous peoples numbering more than 370million in some 90 countries and the United Nations, an interface which, difficult as it is, has produced at least three results: a) a new awareness of indigenous peoples concerns and human rights||b) recognition of indigenous peoples invaluable contribution to humanity’s cultural diversity and heritage, not least through their traditional knowledge||and c) an awareness of the need to address the issues of indigenous peoples through policies, legislation and budgets. Along with the movements for decolonization and human rights, as well as the women’s and environmental movements, the indigenous movement has been one of the most active civil society interlocutors of the United Nations since 1945.


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2009
Reports and Books
Recent trends in melting glaciers, tropospheric temperatures over the Himalayas and Summer Monsoon Rainfall over India
United Nations Environment Programme

Climate change is affecting the temperatures, amount of snow and ice in the Himalayan region as well as rainfall patterns in the densely populated downstream regions of Asia which would have enormous significance for livelihood and wellbeing of the people of the region. There is a need to prepare the people, institutions and countries of the region to anticipate the consequences of climate change and evolve suitable and cost-effective adaptation responses. However, there is inadequate availability of information on these processes of change making it both difficult to plan appropriate responses and create public opinion in favour of drastic actions that are needed to address the issues.


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2009
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2009 Update: Broadening Openness for a Resilient Asia
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia as a whole is proving to be more resilient to the global economic slowdown than was expected when Asian Development Outlook 2009 (ADO 2009) was published in March this year. Consequently, this Update sees somewhat stronger growth for both this year and next than was earlier forecast.


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2009
Reports and Books
State of Environment Report India
Ministry of Environment and Forests - Government of India

The report provides an insight on various priority issues for India related to the current status of environment and natural resources, the pressures behind environmental changes and the impacts associated with these changes. The report also assesses the Government's current and proposed policy initiatives or programmes as a response to check and monitor further degradation of environment and also suggests policy options.


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2009
Reports and Books
Relatório de Progresso de Execução dos Objectivos de Desenvolvimento do Milénio Cabo Verde
Direcção Nacional do Planeamento - Ministério das Finanças

Cabo Verde aceitou o desafio lançado pela ONU para implementar medidas de políticas, para que até o ano 2015 um conjunto de objectivos e metas seja realizado. Essa assumpção teve como corolário a integração das metas e indicadores dos ODM nas políticas públicas nacionais. Cabo Verde já produziu dois relatórios sobre o cumprimento dos ODM. A produção deste relatório constitui, a um só tempo, um importante momento de seguimento dos engajamentos assumidos em relação aos 8 objectivos fixados||de integração interinstitucional, envolvendo as instituições públicas (nacionais, regionais e locais), privadas e comunitárias. A publicação de dados e indicadores resultantes dos exercícios estatísticos mais recentes (2006 e 2007) conduzidos pelo INE e pelos ministérios em colaboração com o INE (Emprego e formação profissional, agricultura, segurança alimentar, etc.) vem trazer maior consistência à análise.


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2009
Reports and Books
4º Relatório Sobre a Biodiversidade em cabo Verde

Com a ratificação da Convenção sobre a Diversidade Biológica, em Março de 1995, Cabo Verde comprometeu-se perante o mundo em apresentar periodicamente ao Secretariado da Convenção, o balanço da implementação da mesma no país, com particular destaque sobre o estado de conservação da biodiversidade, a nível nacional. O primeiro relatório foi elaborado em 1999, o segundo em 2002 e o terceiro em 2006. Este quarto relatório foi elaborado tendo como base informações existentes e disponíveis nas instituições ligadas directa ou indirectamente à gestão da biodiversidade e à preservação do ambiente, nomeadamente o Instituto Nacional de Investigação e Desenvolvimento Agrário (INIDA), o Instituto Nacional do Desenvolvimento das Pescas (INDP), a Direcção Geral da Agricultura, Silvicultura e Pecuária (DGASP), a Direcção Geral das Pescas (DGP), a Direcção Geral do Ambiente (DGA), para além da consulta de documentos como o PANA II, o Livro Branco sobre o Estado do Ambiente em CABO Verde, a Estratégia e Plano Nacional da Biodiversidade, etc. Em termos de uma percepção geral sobre o estado de evolução dos diferentes elementos que constituem a biodiversidade de Cabo verde, apresenta-se a seguinte situação: (i) a flora terrestre e marinha||(ii) a fauna terrestre e marinha||(iii) ameaças sobre a biodiversidade||bem como a integração da conservação da biodiversidade em vários sectores como: sustentabilidade agrícola||pecuária||florestal||da pesca||conservação in situ e ex situ||vulgarização||informação e formação||investigação e formação||e quadro jurídico e institucional.


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2009