Baseline report
The Global BCH Capacity Building Project: Learning from Experience
United Nations Environment Programme / Global Environment Facility

The UNEP-GEF project for Capacity Building for Effective Participation in the Biosafety Clearing-House has been enabling countries to successfully meet their obligations as Parties to the Protocol by building capacity and helping to set-up national systems for BCH participation since 2004. Lessons from Experience: The Global UNEP-GEF BCH Capacity Building Project captures lessons from this project which has helped 123 countries effectively participate in the Biosafety Clearing House through a network of trained regional advisors and a peer reviewed modular training package. The document captures early lessons from the implementation of the BCH project (Phase I). One of these has been the value of establishing a Regional Advisors system, since this has led to better acceptance of advice from experts by Encouraging language and cultural compatibility, similar work ethics and work styles. Another lesson has been the importance of developing peer-reviewed training tools that can be combined in multiple ways, depending upon the workshop objective and participants, in order to create dynamic and targeted training possibilities.


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2008

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Reports and Books
Green Jobs: Towards Sustainable Work in a Low-Carbon World
Worldwatch Institute (Michael Renner) and Cornell Labour Institute (Sean Sweeney, Jill Kubit)

The following report, produced by Worldwatch Institute (September 2008), has compiled evidence of green jobs available currently and how a 'green' economy could create and transform jobs in the future. Split into three broad sections, the report covers a wide scope of issue such as what is counted as a 'green' job, the availability of green jobs now, concerns over quantity and quality, policies that should be established to regulate green jobs, economic stimulus through green jobs and measures to ensure a 'Just Transition'. The report concludes with a list of the present flourishing green job sectors, though cautions that while the potential is there for further green job growth, the challenges are still formidable.


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2008
Reports and Books
China Ecosystem Services and Poverty Alleviation Situation Analysis and Research Strategy Final Report
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)

In 2008 UNEP-WCMC produced a report with a consortium of Chinese and international partners on research needs for reducing poverty through better ecosystem management in China. This work was for DFID, NERC and ESRC of the UK government, as a contribution to their design of a proposed international research programme on ecosystem services for poverty alleviation. The China ESPA report identified that China's great progress in poverty reduction has slowed, as the remaining poor tend to be found in environments of low productivity or high risk of ecosystem degradation, such as mountains, grasslands and deserts. The government of China is investing heavily in poverty reduction and environmental management, with opportunities for improving the synergies between these activities. Research needs include better understanding of ecosystem functioning for multiple services, and development of methods to analyse policies and projects for both poverty reduction and supply of ecosystem services. The aims of this China study were to conduct a situation analysis on the knowledge of China's ecosystem services and their importance to the poor, identify and address challenges to the sustainable management of ecosystems for poverty alleviation, and propose a research strategy to inform the design of a five-year, multi-disciplinary ESPA research programme. Whilst the study is designed to meet the needs of the ESPA Programme its results can also contribute to ecosystem management and poverty alleviation research and policies in China.


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2008
GEO
Perspectivas del Medio Ambiente Urbano - GEO Santa Clara
Cuba, Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente Cuba

Santa Clara, ciudad del centro de Cuba, ha tenido una evolución histórico-cultural significativa como consecuencia de su desarrollo urbano y ambiental. Asimismo la presión constante sobre el suelo ha modificado totalmente los ecosistemas naturales del territorio: el manto freático, las fuentes superficiales de agua y la estructura urbana son resultados que hoy inciden sobre la población que la habita y el entorno que ocupa.


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2008
GEO
Integración, Comercio y Ambiente en El Mercosur - GEO Mercosur
United Nations Environment Programme (PNUMA), Centro Latino Americano de Ecología Social (CLAES)

El MERCOSUR es una experiencia de integración regional en América Latina que ha alcanzado progresos significativos en términos políticos, económicos, culturales, sociales y ambientales con importantes implicaciones en la región. El bloque aporta su singularidad –en función de la variedad y diversidad de recursos naturales– y su importancia estratégica –en un contexto internacional cambiante y complejo– por sus potencialidades productivas en el marco de un largo proceso de integración.


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2008
Reports and Books
ILAC Perú
United Nations Environment Programme (PNUMA), Ministerio del Ambiente (MINAM), Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (INEI)

La Iniciativa Latinoamericana y Caribeña para el Desarrollo Sostenible (ILAC) surge a raíz de las metas propuestas durante la Cumbre Mundial sobre el Desarrollo Sostenible (Johannesburgo, 31 de agosto del 2002), en una reunión extraordinaria del Foro de Ministros de Medio Ambiente de América Latina y el Caribe.


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2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008 Update
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook aims to present an analysis of the recent past and forecasts for the next couple of years for the developing economies of Asia. In this Update to April's publication, regional economic growth for 2008 is taken down marginally to 7.5%, largely on unstable financial markets and elevated commodity prices. Regional growth in 2009 is expected to further decelerate to 7.2%. Inflation forecasts are revised up—reflecting rising global prices of food and fuel and earlier loose monetary policy—to 7.8% in 2008 and to 6.0% in 2009. The Update presents four thematic chapters discussing recent global commodity price rises and their impacts on developing Asia. They suggest that high international commodity prices are here to stay. But, given that demand-pull rather than cost-push factors are causing high prices, the role of monetary policy is still relevant in containing price pressures. Indeed, there has to be a reshifting of the basic monetary stance toward tightening throughout developing Asia, to prevent inflation from becoming entrenched.


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2008
Reports and Books
Mercury Inventory Assessment for the Philippines
Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources

This report should be read in conjunction with the UNEP toolkit Excel file for the Philippines which provides detailed data and calculations. The following narrative report is preliminary and will be refined after further stakeholder consultation.


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2008
Reports and Books
Yemen Mercury Inventory Report
Ministry of water and environment, Government of Yemen

This report is published to provide ground information mercury release sources and quantity in Yemen. This report is a first outcome of the common chemicals information and data collection in Yemen.


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2008