Baseline report
The Global BCH Capacity Building Project: Learning from Experience
United Nations Environment Programme / Global Environment Facility

The UNEP-GEF project for Capacity Building for Effective Participation in the Biosafety Clearing-House has been enabling countries to successfully meet their obligations as Parties to the Protocol by building capacity and helping to set-up national systems for BCH participation since 2004. Lessons from Experience: The Global UNEP-GEF BCH Capacity Building Project captures lessons from this project which has helped 123 countries effectively participate in the Biosafety Clearing House through a network of trained regional advisors and a peer reviewed modular training package. The document captures early lessons from the implementation of the BCH project (Phase I). One of these has been the value of establishing a Regional Advisors system, since this has led to better acceptance of advice from experts by Encouraging language and cultural compatibility, similar work ethics and work styles. Another lesson has been the importance of developing peer-reviewed training tools that can be combined in multiple ways, depending upon the workshop objective and participants, in order to create dynamic and targeted training possibilities.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
Draft Zambian Standard - Plastics - Film sheeting
Zambia Bureau of Standards

This draft Zambian standard has been prepared by the Plastic Carrier Bags and Flat Bags Technical Working Group constituted by the Environmental Council of Zambia, in collaboration with the Zambia Bureau of Standards. This draft Zambian standard describes a method for the determination of average thickness of a sample and average thickness and yield of a roll of a plastic film and sheeting by gravimetric techniques. It was adopted due to its relevance to the Carrier bags and Flat bags standard (DZS 719). It is technically equivalent to ISO 4591 PLASTICS FILM SHEETING Determination of average thickness of a sample and average thickness and yield of a roll by gravimetric techniques (gravimetric thickness), published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) for the Cargo village - Cabo Verde
BCEOM Société Française d’Ingénierie

This Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) concerns the whole Port of Praia Expansion and Modernization Project but focuses on three project items which are going to be implemented as a first step: the Cargo Village, the Connecting Road and the Rehabilitation of the Quay n°2 Complex. The breakwater, the extension of the quay n°1 and the reclaimed container yard will be launched separately, as a second step. This document consists of the following sections: A. A description of the institutional and legal framework. B. A description of the local environment. C. A description of the port project. D. A comparison of the various project alternatives with regard to their environmental impacts. E. An identification and an assessment of all environmental impacts. F. An identification of mitigation & compensation measures and a monitoring programme. G. The Environmental Management Plan.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report - 2008 - Solomon Islands
Ministry of Environment Conservation and Meteorology - Solomon Islands

The rapid pace and level of exploitation of the country’s natural resources cannot be isolated from the environmental challenges with which the country is faced. At the same time, it should be remembered that environmental sustainability is critically important to the country’s economic and social development. The Coalition for National Unity and Rural Advancement (CNURA) Government recognizes and attaches considerable importance to ensuring the environment and natural resources of Solomon Islands are protected, managed and sustainably used for the maximum benefit of the people and government of Solomon Islands. The production of the State of the Environment Report for Solomon Islands through Cabinet endorsement demonstrates CNURA’s commitment to promote sound environmental practices in the country. This report which fulfils Section 8 of the Environment Act 1998, is the first such report produced under that Act. The importance of this report lies in its role as a first step in identifying the major environmental issues the country is facing and informing government regarding priorities, policy options and responses to priority issues. It accomplishes this by gathering in one place, the current state of knowledge about the country’s environment.


Download: English
2008
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2008: Workers in Asia
Asian Development Bank

The annual Asian Development Outlook provides a comprehensive economic analysis of 44 economies in developing Asia and the Pacific. This 20th anniversary edition examines trends and prospects in Central Asia, East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific. Developing Asia's performance in 2007 broke records in almost two decades. Aggregate gross domestic product grew at 8.7%, on supportive global economic conditions, a largely favorable policy environment, and productivity gains as the region continued its remarkable modernization and transformation. Conditions in the global economy now look distinctly unsteady with the United States, Japan, and Europe set for a synchronized slowdown this year. Still, developing Asia will not be hostage to the global slowdown, even if it cannot remain immune to it, and its growth this year and next should be only a little below longer-run trends. But with commodity prices soaring and despite government price restraints, inflation is accelerating and is likely to hit decade-long highs. Rising inflation expectations are a more immediate threat to developing Asia than the prospect of a moderate slowdown in growth. This year's theme on workers in developing Asia spotlights three issues. Will the region reap the demographic advantages of its many young people about to enter the workforce? Can it resolve its silent crisis in terms of its skills shortages? Third, with migration burgeoning within the region, will policies move to keep up with the reality on the ground?


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
Resource Augmentation by Tapping Renewable Resources and by Utilizing Waste in Viet Nam
United Nations Environment Programme

Rapidly growing countries are facing challenges on two fronts. Firstly, they need to ensure continuous availability of resources to support rapid industrialization and improved living standards. Secondly, they have to control pollution from industrial and municipal sources. To address both of these challenges with one strategy, UNEP implemented the project in the sugar industry in Viet Nam to harvest rainwater, to reuse wastewater and to convert organic waste into compost. Rainwater harvesting and wastewater reuse reduced the demand for freshwater and it also helped to reduce the quantity of wastewater to be discharged. This, in addition to environmental benefits, also helped the sugar industry to save on the fees for obtaining freshwater and on the charges for discharging wastewater. Compost from organic waste in sugar industry helped their farmers, who supply sugarcane, to reduce their costs for buying fertilizer. The project was implemented in partnership with the Viet Nam Cleaner Production Centre. The local partners and technical staff from the sugar industry were trained to undertake designing and implementation of environmentally sound technologies for rainwater harvesting, wastewater reuse and composting.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
The costs and benefits of forest protected areas for local livelihoods: a review of the current literature
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

Protected areas could play a significant role in the implementation of schemes to reduce emissions from deforestation and degradation (REDD) in developing countries, through either the strengthening of the existing protected area network, or designation of new areas. Many rural poor people rely on forest resources, and may experience positive or negative changes to their livelihoods as a result of REDD. This review aims to assess the livelihood implications of the existing protected area network in order to inform future REDD policy.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
Working Toward High Seas Marine Protected Areas. An Assessment of Progress Made and Recommendations for Collaboration
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC), BirdLife International

The purpose of this report is threefold: ( 1 ) to summarise current efforts aimed at protecting marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction||(2) identify the knowledge gaps that still exist||and (3) initiate a collaborative effort among stakeholders in the ocean community to implement high seas marine protected areas (HSMPAs) using globally adopted scientific criteria. The recommendations that resulted from this analysis are based on a review of projects, organisations and initiatives addressing the high seas as well as an assessment of the current content, scope, and focus of known and accessible databases related to high seas biodiversity. From this we determine gaps, outline current knowledge, and contribute further insights and approaches relevant for the identification and establishment of protected areas beyond national jurisdictions.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
The National Policy on Environment
Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Natural Resources, Zambia

The country at present faces daunting challenges of de-forestation||land degradation in many places verging on desertification||wildlife depletion especially in the protected areas and all accompanied by soil erosion, loss of productivity, inadequate sanitation and air and water pollution.


Download: English
2008
Reports and Books
The linkages between biodiversity and climate change mitigation :A review of the recent scientific literature
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This report reviews the literature published since the IPCC 4AR on the linkages between biodiversity and climate mitigation policies in order to highlight developments in our understanding of the role of biodiversity in climate mitigation, and the impacts of mitigation policies on biodiversity. Keyword searches in ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, and Google Scholar were carried out to obtain a broad coverage of the available literature.


Download: English
2008