Reports and Books
Technical Advisory Paper No. 2 - Goals and Targets for Global Water Quality Assessment: UNEP GEMS/Water Programme
United Nations Environment Programme

The present paper represents the “corporate view” of the Technical Advisory Group (TAG) on global water quality monitoring, and the most salient issues facing GEMS/Water. It forms the basis for determining partnership activities: on one hand, the most constructive ways in which partner organizations can contribute to the successful implementation of core activities; and, on the other hand, the best ways for meeting partners’ data and service needs.


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2005
Reports and Books
Close of an open dumpsite and shifting from open dumping to controlled dumping and to sanitary land filling: training module
United Nations Environment Programme

A policy shift from open dumping to sanitary landfilling has implications on local preparedness to operate and manage a landfill as well as on how the current dumpsites will be abandoned. Consequently, there is a need to build and enhance the technical and management capacities of local authorities. In recognition of this need and as part of UNEP global effort to promote environmentally sound technologies, IETC developed training programmes for capacity building. This publication is a training module on solid waste management designed especially for local authorities and their staff.


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2005
Reports and Books
Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Wetlands and Water Synthesis
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Board

This report provides an assessment of the current state of our ecosystems and the many services they support and provide to people. Direct drivers of degradation of wetlands such as land conversion, pollution and infrastructure and indirect drivers such as population growth and economic development are discussed extensively. It enhances our on understanding the direct drivers of change to wetlands and shows how they would fare under a range of future scenarios. Responses for the wise use of wetlands including governance and institutional responses are highlighted. This report further provides an analysis of future challenges and response options that could allow us to maintain, to the greatest extent possible, the ecosystem services on which we all depend. The synthesis stresses the link between wetlands and water. Wetlands include inland wetlands such as swamps, marshes, lakes, rivers, peatlands and underground water habitats, coastal and near-shore marine wetlands such as coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds and estuaries and man-made wetlands such as rice fields, dams, reservoirs and fish ponds.


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2005
Reports and Books
Ecosystems and Human Well-Being: Desertification Synthesis
Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Board

This report integrates findings of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessments related to current state and future trends of desertification and its impacts on ecosystems and human well-being and is organized around a set of key information needs identified by the Convention to Combat Desertification since it contributes significantly to climate change and biodiversity loss. This report is aimed at showing how desertification is related to ecosystem services and human well-being and how it manifests itself and who is affected by desertification- its geographical extent and consequences of desertification beyond drylands. The major causes of desertification such as land use patterns and practices, social, economic and policy factors are discussed including how desertification can be prevented or reversed. This report further brings out linkages between desertification, global climate change and biodiversity loss, and how different future development paths will affect desertification.


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2005
Reports and Books
Environmental Management of the Iraqi Marshlands: Community Level Initiative - A Training Kit
United Nations Environment Programme, Centre For Environment And Development For Arab Region And Europe (CEDARE)

Owing to the uniqueness of the Iraqi Marshlands ecosystem and its socio-cultural heritage, the technical and programmatic responses needed to address the above priorities may be quite different from those most appropriate for other settings. Also, an underlying factor that hinders the response is the limited capacities of, and availability of credible information for, policy makers, experts, and communities to assess and implement solutions. Given these observations, the goal of this project is to support the sustainable management and restoration of the Iraqi Marshlands by facilitating strategy formulation, monitoring and analysing current conditions, raising capacities for policy and technical management, and implementing environmentally sound technology (EST) options on a pilot basis.


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2005
Reports and Books
Seychelles Post-Tsunami Environmental Assessment : 2005
United Nations Environment Programme

The Seychelles island group was struck by a series of powerful tidal surges, resulting from the tsunami, generated by the earthquake off Indonesia on 26 December 2004. As a direct consequence of these tidal surges two people lost their lives, and hundreds of families suffered damage to their homes and livelihoods. The effects of the tsunami were compounded by exceptionally heavy rainfall on 29 December, causing flooding, landslides, and tree/rock falls. The Seychelles are globally recognized for the richness of their marine and terrestrial ecosystems, which in turn support the islands’ main economic activities||tourism and fishing. There was concern that in addition to its direct impacts on human communities, the tsunami may have caused damage to the islands’ environmental values, thereby indirectly affecting livelihoods. In response to a request from the Government of the Republic of Seychelles, the UNEP Asian Tsunami Disaster Task Force organized a Rapid Assessment Mission to Seychelles at the beginning of February 2005. The mission team conducted site visits and held meetings with key stakeholders, both governmental and non-governmental, with an interest in management of the islands’ environment and natural resources. The team concluded that the principal environmental impacts had largely been confined to the granitic inner islands, which include the main centres of population on Mahé, Praslin and La Digue, with the outer islands apparently escaping relatively lightly due to the physical shelter provided by the Seychelles bank.


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2005
Reports and Books
Vital Arctic Graphics: People and global heritage on our last wild shores
United Nations Environment Programme

The purpose of this report is to compile a number of “vital” Arctic graphics that describe the Arctic, the livelihoods of Arctic indigenous peoples and the future well-being of this region. It summarizes some key threats that endanger the future sustainability of the Arctic. The coastal regions are particularly important to the ecology and to the peoples of the Arctic and their current protection status is therefore given particular focus.


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2005
Reports and Books
Mainstreaming gender in environmental assessment and early warning
United Nations Environment Programme

Gender mainstreaming is best understood as a continuous process of infusing both the institutional culture and the programmatic and analytical efforts of agencies with gendered perspectives. Gender mainstreaming means taking gender seriously and taking it into account in all aspects of the workplace and the work products of the institution.


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2005
Serials
Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin - Environmental Technology Development and Distribution Policies
Republic of Korea, Ministry of Environment

In the Korean Act on Environmental Technology Development and Support in Korea, environmental technology is defined as \"technology necessary for preserving and managing the environment including the enhancement of assimilative capacity, suppressing and removing causes of environmental damages on humans and nature, preventing and reducing environmental pollution, and recovering polluted and destroyed environment. The definition does not mention the cost of technology, but focuses on preventing and reducing damages on the environment and humans. However, contemporary environmental technology means in two ways.


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2005
Reports and Books
Maldives post-tsunami environmental assessment
United Nations Environment Programme

In the immediate aftermath of the enormous devastation and suffering caused by the 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, UNEP established the Asian Tsunami Disaster Task Force. At the request of the governments of affected countries, the Task Force has assessed tsunami-related environmental damage, worked to ensure that environment is a part of national recovery agendas, and mobilised environmental recovery assistance. This report elaborates the findings of the rapid assessment in the Republic of Maldives, based on a detailed expert investigation of the tsunami's environmental impacts.


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2005