GEO
Global Environment Outlook Scenario Framework: Background Paper for UNEPs Third Global Environment Outlook Report (GEO-3)
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP's Global Environment Outlook (GEO) series provides a comprehensive assessment of the state of the global environment, a review of policy responses and an outlook on the future. This report introduces the scenario approach, a means of illuminating challenges and appropriate responses toward the achievement of certain development pathways based upon current conditions and driving forces.


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2004
Reports and Books
Financial risk management instruments for renewable energy projects scoping
United Nations Environment Programme

Appropriate risk management tools can help remove some of the barriers to financing Renewable Energy Technology (RET) projects, particularly in developing countries where risk and risk perceptions are highest. That is why UNEP is working on a comprehensive overview of currently available and potential financial risk management instruments for Renewable Energy Technology (RET) projects. This study will pave the way for an upcoming GEF project that will promote the use of financial risk management instruments that favor the development of RETs.


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2004
Reports and Books
Lessons Learned on Mainstreaming Pilot Projects into Larger Projects
Helias Udo de Haes and Martijn van Rooijen (Leiden University), Guido Sonnemann (United Nations Environment Programme DTIE), Konrad Saur (Five Winds International), Greg Norris (Harvard School of Public Health), Olivier Jolliet (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne)

This report summarizes lessons learned from implementing Environmentally Sound Technology (EST) pilot projects by the International Environmental Technology Centre of UNEP Division of Technology, Industry and Economics (UNEP-DTIE-IETC). The document aims to inform national level mainstreaming of the EST pilot project results, and provides lessons learned for decision-makers in national governments and for international technical cooperation personnel. The featured projects were conducted within three pillars of IETC's focal areas. They are: Support for Environmental Management of the Iraqi Marshlands project in the water-sanitation pillar||Integrated Solid Waste Management project in China, India and Lesotho under the waste management pillar||and ESTs for Building waste Reduction in Indonesia (DEBRI) project under the disaster management pillar. Each project and cross-cutting lessons learned focus on six areas, which are project management structure, governance, capacity building, EST implementation, financing, and local conditions/infrastructure.


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2004
Reports and Books
Vital waste graphics
GRID Arendal, United Nations Environment Programme, Basel Convention

Vital Waste Graphics aims to give policymakers, experts, media professionals, teachers and students a comprehensive overview of relevant waste-related issues, causes, effects, as well as possible solutions. Vital Waste Graphics is based on the most recent data received by the Basel Convention Secretariat and by the research undertaken especially for the production of the publication.


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2004
Reports and Books
UNEP programmes and resources for environmental education and training: an introductory guide
United Nations Environment Programme

This guide showcases some of UNEP's many programmes and resources that support the important work of environmental education and training. It contains details of courses in the UNEP Environmental Leadership Programme, UNEP networks for environmental training, our commitment to supporting environmental action learning activities that link schools with their communities, training programmes for women as managers of natural resources, and examples of our public education programmes in newspapers and television. These examples come from countries and regions around the world||from Finland to southern Africa, from Latin America and the Caribbean to Australia, and from the Himalayas to the USA.


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2004
Reports and Books
National Self-Assessment for Global Environmental Management in Belarus
Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of Belarus, United Nations Development Programmeme/GEF

Meeting the commitments made by Belarus under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, UN Convention on Biodiversity, and UN Convention to combat desertification/land degradation should be considered an important opportunity to make sure that the government does its best in managing natural resources and protecting the environment, assisting stakeholders in making their interactions and coordination more efficient, promoting research and scientific studies in the areas of expertise that pertain to the conventions.


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2004
Reports and Books
Bamboo biodiversity: Africa, Madagascar and the Americas
United Nations Environment Programme

Bamboos are distinct and fascinating plants, with many values and uses, ranging from construction to irrigation systems, musical instruments to food and fuel. But we still know relatively little about most bamboos in the wild. As forest ecosystems shrink under human pressure, the survival of many potentially important bamboo species may be threatened. The Bamboo Diversity Report represents the first step towards planning and implementing conservation and sustainable management of bamboos in the wild, in addition to making a significant contribution to the implementation of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, which aims to halt the current and continuing loss of plant diversity.


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2004
Reports and Books
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological diversity, CBD (2004) expanded programme of work on forest biological diversity
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

The objectives of the Convention are the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. The Convention sets out broad commitments by Governments to take action at the national level for the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Since its entry into force, the Parties have translated the Convention into a series of programmes of work. Each programme of work establishes a vision for, and basic principles to guide, future work, identifies goals, objectives and activities, determines potential outputs and suggests a timetable and means for achieving these outputs.


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2004
Reports and Books
Environmental Indicators in South Pacific
United Nations Environment Programme

Agenda 21 emphasized the need for developing indicators to provide the solid base for decision making at local, national, regional and global levels. The Johannesburg Plan of Implementation in 2002 reiterated the need for indicators to monitor economic, social and environmental progress for sustainable development. Goal 7 of the UN Millennium Development Goals is set for countries to ensure environmental sustainability through integrating principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes, and reverse the loss of environmental resources. This report on 'Environmental Indicators for South Pacific' has been prepared to present the trends of twenty three key indicators on air, water, land and biodiversity. It also presents trends on social and economic conditions through the selected indicators. Data have been collected for each indicator for each country in South Pacific for 1990, 1995 and 2000. This report provides an assessment of economic, social and environmental conditions in South Pacific based on available data and information. Lack of updated scientific database has been a major challenge in preparation of the report. This report highlights that South Pacific has the lowest population of all the sub-regions in Asia and the Pacific. South Pacific is economically and culturally a diverse sub-region consisting of developed countries such as Australia and New Zealand and smaller island nations with developing economies. The smaller island nations are being challenged by rapid urbanisation. These countries have fragile ecologies and it is imperative that the urbanisation process is tempered with awareness about the environment and safeguards to protect the natural environment along with improving living standards. This region also possesses great marine biodiversity. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest system of coral reefs in the world. This marine biodiversity is being threatened by increasing population, urbansiation and unsustainable land use patterns. Increasing global greenhouse gas emissions pose a threat to the lower lying islands of the sub-region. Water shortage and quality of drinking water are issues of concern in this sub-region. UNEP hopes that the 'Environmental Indicators for South Pacific' will be a useful document for government, nongovernment, regional and international organizations in the pursuit of developing policies and action plan. UNEP gratefully acknowledge the contribution of Environment Ministries, agencies, institutes and individuals in the preparation of the report.


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2004
Reports and Books
Barents Sea - GIWA Regional Assessment 11
United Nations Environment Programme, GIWA

This report presents the results of the UNEP/GIWA assessment for the Barents Sea region.


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2004