Reports and Books
Tourism and biodiversity: mapping tourism's global footprint
United Nations Environment Programme

Tourism is often described as the world's largest industry on the basis of its contribution to global gross domestic product (GDP), the number of jobs it generates, and the number of clients it serves. The scale of the industry and the rate at which it continues to grow present both opportunities and threats for biodiversity conservation. The publication, jointly developed with Conservation International, illustrates the overlap between tourism development (present and forecasted) and biodiversity hotspots highlighting tourism related threats and opportunities for biodiversity conservation and improved human welfare. To explore the relationship between tourism development, biodiversity conservation and poverty reduction at the global level, a series of maps were produced that plot tourism and socio-economic data against priority biodiversity areas.


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2003
Reports and Books
Mangroves of East Africa
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication provides a concise account of the available information and current issues facing mangroves in East African countries. It comprises a regional summary of the factors and activities that affect mangroves across East Africa, and a series of reports that focus on South Africa, Mozambique, Madagascar, Tanzania, the Seychelles, Kenya and Somalia. These country summaries include details of mangrove-related legislation, industries associated with and involving mangroves, and details of how mangroves are utilized by local human communities. Information on marine protected areas that cover mangroves is also provided as are regional and national scale maps.


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2003
Reports and Books
Assessing human vulnerability to environmental change: concepts, issues, methods and case studies
United Nations Environment Programme

This report presents concepts, issues, methods and case studies relating to human vulnerability to environmental change. Assessments of vulnerability can provide an important guide to the planning process and to decisions on resource allocation at various levels and help to raise public awareness of risks.


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2003
Reports and Books
Checklist of CITES Species 2003
United Nations Environment Programme

This edition of the Checklist of CITES Species takes into account the amendments of the CITES Appendices and the changes in nomenclature adopted at the 12th meeting of the Conference of the Parties to CITES ( Santiago 2002 ). This book and CD-ROM provide a Checklist of the fauna and the flora listed in Appendices I, II and III of CITES as adopted by the Conference of the Parties, valid from 13 February 2003.


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2003
Reports and Books
Planning, designing and implementing policies to control ozone depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol: a handbook of policy setting at the national level
United Nations Environment Programme

This Handbook provides developing countries with guiding principles and practical advice on planning, designing, implementing and sustaining appropriate and effective policies for complying with the Protocol. This Handbook should be of particular interest to developing countries that are categorised as low-volume consuming countries (LVCs).


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2003
Reports and Books, Manuals and Guides
Sea water desalination in the Mediterranean assessment and guidelines
United Nations Environment Programme

The need for desalting seawater is becoming more and more pressing in many parts of the world. During the period from 1950 to 1990 the worldwide consumption of water was tripled, while the population grew by 2.3 billion people. In the Mediterranean, the present and future water needs are really increasing. It is estimated that by the year 2010 water demands will increase by 32% at least for the southern and eastern countries. There is no doubt that the above water needs can be covered and satisfied if only non-conventional resources of water are utilized, like water- recycling and desalination. Desalination has for a long time been a major source of water in parts of the Mediterranean. Desalination plants exist in places that have hot climates, relatively low and unpredictable rainfall and where conventional water resources are unable to meet peak tourist demands. Seawater desalination by Mediterranean countries is a steadily growing industry. This practically unlimited resource of water requires energy consumption and results to environmental impacts. These impacts are generated mainly from the concentrate (brine) produced during the desalination, but also from the discharges of chemicals used in the desalination processes. Although the number of scientific publications dealing with the issue is limited, the discharge of concentrate into the sea requires particular attention and scientific assessment of possible impacts on the marine environment. There is no doubt that Mediterranean countries, which use desalination to cover their freshwater needs, should apply appropriate guidelines or procedures for the disposal of brine according to the LBS and Dumping Protocol. As a result, this document was prepared to offer a basis for discussion aiming at identifying a common management approach in line with the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols.


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2003
Reports and Books
Energy subsidies: lessons learned in assessing their impact and designing policy reforms
United Nations Environment Programme

This report builds largely on presentations and discussions held during a series of regional workshops on reforming energy subsides, organised jointly by UNEP and the International Energy Agency (IEA) in 2000 and 2001. The workshops were largely financed by voluntary contributions for Austria, Canada, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK.


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2003
Reports and Books
Global Risk And Vulnerability Index Trends per Year (GRAVITY) Phase IV: Annex to WVR and Multi Risk Integration
United Nations Environment Programme

The purposes of the Disaster Risk Index was to identify whether global data sets could be used for identifying population living in exposed areas and demonstrate the link between socio-economical parameters and vulnerability.


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2003
Reports and Books
Ocean wonderland: teachers resource guide
United Nations Environment Programme

Ocean Wonderland a 3D underwater movie shot in large format on Australia's Great Barrier Reef and in the Bahamas. The film's goal is to underline the crucial ecological role of coral reefs, and the fact that they are endangered.


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2003
Reports and Books
Innovative financing to implement multilateral environmental agreements: the case of the Montreal protocol, proceedings of the technical workshop on concessional lending
United Nations Environment Programme

On 22 July 2002 an International workshop was convened under the auspices of the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol to exchange views on the objectives and modalities of concessional lending, and to review the experiences in innovative financing related to the implementation of this multilateral environmental agreement. These proceedings include the workshop summary and presentations and papers delivered during the workshop.


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2003