Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report - 2001 and 2002, Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI):Provisional Indices and profiles for Trinidad & Tobago
Environmental Management Authority (EMA) - Trinidad and Tobago

This year’s state of the environment report presents in one consolidated text, a review of the environmental vulnerability of Trinidad and Tobago, using an Environmental Vulnerability Index composed of 48 environmental vulnerability indicators. The index focuses on the vulnerability of the environment to natural risks and to humans. It is based on the premise that the vulnerability of the environment to events in the near future can be determined from the calculated probability of their actual occurrence in the recent past. The main strength of the EVI is that it an impartial measure and provides simplified summary information and, also the detailed data required to highlight specific areas of concern for environmental managers, scientists and the general public. It thus helps identify mechanisms that tend to degrade the state of the environment which provide goods (e.g. food, fibre, oxygen) and services (e.g. water purification, waste treatment, pollination, recreation) that support human well-being. The indicators are divided into 5 categories of environmental vulnerability such as meteorological events (6 indicators), geological events (3 indicators), country characteristics (7 indicators), biological factors (8 indicators) and anthropogenic factors (24 indicators). The indicators are scored on a global vulnerability scale of 1-7, where 4 are average and scores 1-3 indicate below average vulnerability while scores of 5-7 indicate above average vulnerability.


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2002
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of trade liberalization and trade-related policies: a country study on the Ecuador banana sector
United Nations Environment Programme

The international trade in bananas is one of the most import economic activities for Ecuador, and is very significant in terms of labour and use of natural resources. Given that bananas have become one of the most controversial commodities within the multilateral trade system in recent years, Ecuadorian policy making and current and future negotiations must focus on achieving better conditions for the Ecuadorian people.


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2002
Reports and Books
Fisheries subsidies and overfishing: towards a structured discussion
Gareth Porter

This publication examines the economic, environmental and social effects of subsidies and explores approaches to developing policy reforms for the sustainable fishery management.


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2002
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of trade liberalization and trade-related policies: a country study on fisheries sector in Senegal
United Nations Environment Programme

Fishing is an essential component of rural development in Senegal. It is a multipurpose activity strongly integrated with the rest of the Senegalese economy and society. Fishing plays a strategic role in ensuring the sustainable growth of the national economy.


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2002
Reports and Books
Integrated assessment of trade liberalization and trade-related policies: a country study on the cotton sector in China
United Nations Environment Programme

In China, the specific policy studied is that of import liberalization rather than export expansion. The study examines the impact of tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) on the production and import of selected agricultural products. The environmental, social and economic effects are largely imputed through changes in production and consumption structures.


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2002
Reports and Books
Evaluation of urban pollution of surficial and groundwater aquifers in Africa
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

The project on urban pollution of surficial and groundwater aquifers in Africa is a joint activity developed in collaboration between UNEP, as the lead agency of the project and UNESCO, as partner for the implementation of the project. Furthermore, the project was realized, in collaboration with UNCHS/Habitat (UNCHS/Habitat is actually implementing a project on Water for African cities which includes six African cities) and ECA who have been involved as regional and political partners. The project proposal supports the UNEP freshwater assessment activities in order to provide training and relevant information as well as suitable data for arid and semi-arid countries in an area of crucial importance in terms of freshwater resources management.


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2002
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2002 Update
Asian Development Bank

The 2002-2003 economic outlook for developing Asia and the Pacific has not changed significantly since the Asian Development Outlook 2002 was published in April 2002. However, East Asia, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia had a stronger than expected performance in the first half of 2002, while South Asia and the Pacific had weaker than expected performance. The Asian Development Outlook 2002 Update features: an assessment of recent global economic trends and the recent performance and prospects of developing Asia and the Pacific macroeconomic assessments, policy developments and economic outlook for the five subregions of developing Asia and the Pacific


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2002
Reports and Books
Youthxchange: training kit on responsible consumption - the guide
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization

This publication was designed to assist teachers, public authorities, youth groups, and NGOs in delivering information on sustainable consumption.


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2002
Reports and Books
Industry as a partner for sustainable development: advertising
United Nations Environment Programme, World Federation of Advertisers, European Association of Communications Agencies

This report is part of an important effort by the business community in partnership with the United Nations Environment Programme to prepare situation reports from several key sectors as an input for the Johannesburg discussions. The report aims to portray the world of advertising, its role in sustainable development and a balanced overview of those issues where advertising can contribute to the successful implementation of the principles and activities of Agenda 21.


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2002
Reports and Books
The Montreal Protocol control schedule and its evolution
United Nations Environment Programme

An information paper that provides the latest control schedules under the Montreal Protocol for both developing and developed countries, dates and meeting when each Amendment and/or Adjustment was made to the Protocol, and when it came into force. It also provides an overview of the evolution of the control measures for each group of the controlled substances.


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2002