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GEO
State of the Environment Report 2000 - GEO Barbados
Ministry of Physical Development and Environment - Barbados

The report is the first major synthesis document of its kind, since the 1992 Barbados National Report to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. The purpose of the present report is to provide an assessment of selected key environmental resources, indicators and themes, identified by a wide range of stakeholders to be of vital importance to Barbados, if the goal of sustainable development is to be achieved. The principal themes examined are land resources, energy and mineral assets, freshwater, coastal and marine resources, biodiversity, atmosphere and climate, and waste management. All of these are intrinsically linked to Barbados economic and social development. It is the Government's wish that the report should serve as an accurate source of information to all citizens, as well as international interests. It is also designed to provide a platform on which future analyses can be built and a yardstick against which Barbados' stewardship in the area of environmental resource management can be objectively assessed.


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2000
GEO
Environment Outlook of Cuba 2000 - GEO Cuba
Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Cuba (CITMA)

Integrated environmental assessment of Cuba using the GEO methodology. This report was completed by the Ministry of Science, Technology and the Environment, Cuba (CITMA) in 2001. The report follows the GEO structure, including sections on the environmental situation, existing policy responses and future outlook.


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2000
GEO
GEO: Latin America and the Caribbean: Environment outlook 2000
United Nations Environment Programme

The two major causes of global environmental degradation are the continuing poverty of the majority of the planet’s inhabitants and excessive consumption by the minority (UNEP 1999a). In Latin America and the Caribbean – as in other regions of the world – many socio-economic pressures have an impact on the environment. Poverty and inequality of income are doubtless among the leading ones. Others are unsustainable agriculture, industrial development and tourism, unplanned urbanization, demographic growth, and population density. Nevertheless, the countries in the region have important climatic, biophysical, geomorphological and socio-economic differences, and this diversity makes generalized environmental policy application difficult. Three major environmental issues stand out in the region. The first concerns the region’s urban areas: three-quarters of the population live in large cities where air quality threatens human health and water shortage is common. The second problem is the depletion and destruction of forest resources, mainly in the Amazon Basin, and the threat this implies in terms of biodiversity. The third issue relates to the possible regional impact of global climate change, as reflected in phenomena such as forest fires, natural disasters such as hurricanes and floods, and the rise of sea level which threatens many coastal cities in the region and productive land on island states. During the past decade, concern for environmental issues has increased markedly and many environmental institutions and policies have been created. Nevertheless, these changes have not improved environmental stewardship significantly. Environmental management continues to concentrate on sectoral perspectives without coherent and explicit integration with economic and social strategies. The lack of financing, technology, personnel and training, and – in some cases – excessively large and complex legal frameworks, are the most common problems. Increasing environmental awareness must be reinforced through a process of environmental education and information dissemination. Economic growth of countries in the region still relies on export growth and foreign capital inflows, regardless of the consequences for the environment and with no internalization of the environmental costs of this type of policy.


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2000
GEO
Estado Ambientale de Goiás - GEO Goiás
Brazil, Ministério do Meio Ambiente

O presente documento busca apresentar o rebatimento, no território do Estado de Goiás, dos impactos resultantes de sua ocupação e utilização em atividades antrópicas, e dos efeitos gerados a partir de políticas públicas e ações do Estado, de agentes econômicos e da sociedade civil.


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2000

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