Reports and Books
Feasibility study for a harmonised information management infrastructure for biodiversity-related treaties (1998)
World Conservation Monitoring Centre

This Feasibility Study identified three programmes of work to improve information management: Development of a harmonised conventions information resource Streamlined national reporting to facilitate national reporting to, and implementation of the Conventions Development of a shared lessons-learned network.


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1998
Reports and Books
Trinidad and Tobago: State of the Environment 1998 Report
Trinidad and Tobago, Environmental Management Authority

The 1998 State of the Environment Report is the second of our annual reports that focuses on a selected area or aspect of the environment, which the Environmental Management Authority (EMA) has prioritised for attention. The 1997 Report dealt with Biodiversity while the focus this year is on freshwater because of the importance of this resource to our quality of life and indeed our very survival. Freshwater management is also critical to the sustenance of our wildlife and ecosystems. We should be careful to note though, that in one of the marvels of nature, our forested watersheds provide us with free water management services by purifying water and impeding flooding in low lying areas. We ignore these facts at our peril. Continuing deforestation is the major cause of the annual flooding which has now become common place in Trinidad during the wet season. This phenomenon is coupled with the paradox of inadequate supplies of potable water for some members of the populace. Freshwater is also a critical resource for industry. Industrial applications range from the use of water for equipment cooling to its use as a receptacle for liquid wastes. It is this latter use that frequently conflicts with its other use in sustaining life. The pervasive nature of freshwater pollution from domestic sewage, agricultural and industrial effluent, is a significant threat to the environment in Trinidad and Tobago.


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1998
Reports and Books
Overview of land-based sources and activities affecting the marine, coastal and associated freshwater environment in the Eastern African region: UNEP Regional Seas Reports and Studies No. 167
Institute of Marine Sciences of the University of Dar es salaam, United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency

This report covers three coastal states Kenya, United Republic of Tanzania and Mozambique and five island states


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1998
Reports and Books
Global overview of the conservation of migratory Arctic breeding birds outside the Arctic
Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna (CAFF)

This report focuses on migratory waterbirds that breed in Arctic, as defined by CAFF member states, and migrate to winter quarters outside CAFF countries. It investigates those international mechanisms (conventions, agreemements, programmes and actions plans), both legally binding and voluntarily, which are relevant to the conservation of migratory Arctic waterbirds and habitats throughout their non-breeding ranges.


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1998
Reports and Books
Moldova Environmental Performance Reviews
United Nations Economic Commission for Europe

The ECE Committee on Environmental Policy included the Environmental Performance Review of Moldova in its work programme in May 1996. The review team prepared a report on the environmental performance of Moldova before, during and after the review mission in Chisinau in May 1997.


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1998
Reports and Books
ODS import export licensing systems resource module
United Nations Environment Programme

The objective of this Resource Module is to assist CEITs governments in the design and establishment of import/export licensing systems and in the implementation or improvement. It is primarily written for government officers in charge of designing and implementing strategies to phase out the ODS and for their colleagues in charge of import and export controls.


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1998
Serials
Ozonaction newsletter no. 28
United Nations Environment Programme

Newsletter dedicated to the protection of the ozone layer and implementation of Montreal Protocol. This is a quarterly publication which details Ozone action programme under the multilateral fund.


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1998
Reports and Books
The World List of Threatened Trees
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

The conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable management are internationally recognised as vital global concerns. Identification of the components of biodiversity and the threats they face are important steps in planning for conservation action. Tree species are ecologically, culturally and economically valuable components of biodiversity and their conservation is essential to the well-being of people in all countries of the world. With increasing general pressures on ecosystems and selective pressures on species, it has become apparent that many tree species are threatened with extinction. Information on the degree and extent of threat has, however, previously been scattered and scarce. The World List of Threatened Trees presents the results of the first survey of the conservation status of trees species worldwide. Assessment of the conservation status of the world's tree species is a major task given the overall number of trees believed to exist. The world's tree flora is estimated to total around 100,000 species.


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1998
Reports and Books
ODS import export licensing systems, resource module phasing out ODS in developing countries
United Nations Environment Programme

This publication provides a tool to conduct training for the National Ozone Unit, Customs and relevant Government bodies on how to design and establish national import/export licensing systems for ozone-depleting substances and explains the roles of the relevant stakeholders. All parties to the Montreal Protocol have the obligation to establish a licensing system. Such system is a key element of the regulatory framework and supports all other phase-out efforts for ozone-depleting refrigerants within the country’s Refrigerant Management Plan. Training and certification of the customs officers to prevent illegal trade, detect smuggling schemes and identify illegal imports are included.


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1998
Reports and Books
Environmental Policy in Estonia
European Parliament

In terms of environmental policy, Estonia faces the problem of the legacy of the Soviet era and obsolete industries, while at the same time - in common with most of the CECs it has valuable and untouched natural areas. Pollution of the environment has been cut considerably since 1990 following the economic collapse and as a result of investments in the environment.


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1998