Reports and Books
1996 IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals
International Union for Conservation of the Nature and Natural Resources

The Red List of Threatened Animals is a warning flag, signaling for global attention to the perilous status of many species. In its approach, this Red List is different from all its predecessors and the existing Red Data books. It employs a more rigorous system for assessing degree of threat of extinction, a system reflecting current knowledge in population biology in relation to conservation concerns. This more objective approach should help focus attention on the causative factors behind the diminished geographic ranges, declining populations, and small numbers that characterize endangerment in many species.


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1996

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Reports and Books
Sustainable financing for protected areas: a comparison of parastatal and state-funded conservation agencies in Africa and the Caribbean
James, Alexander N., Kanyamibwa, Sam, Green, Michael J. B.

An alternative to the dependence on governments for conservation funding is offered by parastatal protected area agencies. A parastatal protected area agency is a semi-autonomous organization that receives a yearly grant from government, but also has the right to raise and retain its own revenues. Parastatals often take advantage of their greater financial independence by diversifying their sources of revenue beyond the collection of park fees and the provision of visitor services. Other sources of funds tapped by parastatals include investment and trust fund Income, subscriptions and donations, and foreign assistance. Parastatal agencies typically pay no dividends or taxes, so surplus revenues from operations can be reallocated to conservation activities within the protected areas. Governmental control over parastatals is exercised through protected area legislation and by representation on a board of directors, which often Includes a broad range of stakeholders.


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1996
Reports and Books
Biodiversity indicators for integrated environmental assessments at the regional and global level: feasibility study on data availability of six biodiversity indicators
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

As a "Collaborating Centre for Integrated Environmental Reporting, Assessments and Forecasting" of UNEP, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection (RIVM), is developing methodologies for integrated environmental assessments at the regional and global level. To describe and assess the impacts on biodiversity and the use of biological resources, RIVM has identified a preliminary core set of six biodiversity and use indicators. WCMC has been asked to assess the availability of data that might support these indicators. Interim results of this feasibility study were adapted and elaborated upon in a discussion paper "Biodiversity indicators for integrated environmental assessments at the regional and global level" of July 1995. The comments of several experts in various parts of the world will be used to further improve the core set of indicators. The intention is to publish the discussion paper in a technical report series of UNEP and to test and improve the indicators by means of pilot studies to take place in 1996 and 1997.


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1996
Reports and Books
Tourism and Coastal Resources Degradation in the Wider Caribbean
United Nations Environment Programme

This report of Tourism and Coastal Resources Degradation includes Island Resources Foundation’s assessment of the extent of coastal resource degradation due to tourism and recommends approaches to address this degradation in the Wider Caribbean. The assessment and recommendations have been written with special attention to promoting the use of the information by regional and national planners and policy managers.


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1996
Reports and Books
APELL for Port Areas: preparedness and response to chemical accidents in ports
United Nations Environment Programme

This handbook sets out a procedure to enable decision-makers and technical personnel to improve community awareness of activities involving hazardous substances in port areas and to improve or create coordinated emergency response plans.


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1996
Reports and Books
Etat du milieu marin et littoral de la region mediterraneenne: MAP technical report series
United Nations Environment Programme

Etat du Milieu Marin et Littoral de la Region Mediterraneenne - MAP Technical Report Series No. 101.


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1996
Reports and Books
Environmental Good Practice in Hotels: Case Studies from the International Hotel & Restaurant Association Environmental Award
United Nations Environment Programme, International Hotel & Restaurant Association Environmental

The case studies presented in this publication have been selected from the applications to the IHA Environmental Award 1992-1995, which were judged in 1995 by the United Nations Environment Programme-Industry and Environment. The case studies selected are drawn from around the world, from small independent hotels and large international chains.


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1996