Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report - Cook Islands
Teariki Rongo - The Regional Ervionmental Technical Assistance (RETA) Proiect Consultant

This State of the EnWonment Report provides a description of the environment covering elements of the Cook lslands' physical and biological features, and demographic and economlc features, environmental issues prevailing: responses to those issues||and the effectiveness of those responses. The report also recommends some supporting measures to improve those responses. Ir is important to note that this report makes some strong statements on the environment, particularly in regard to the causes of environmental issues, without clariflcation by hard data. Examples of this are water pollution and contamination||degradation of the coastal zone through over-fishing. destructive fishing practices and mining. Where these statements are made, the need to collect data to provide some measurable comparisons for monitoring and enforcing environmental control measures is also stressed. The report highlights the need to strengthen national policies on the environment: law enforcement reforms||institutional arrangements including the roles of nongovemmental organisations, and the implementation ol specific programmes and projects aimed at the protection and conservation of the Cook lslands envlronment.


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1993
Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report - Solomon Islands
Tanya Leary - Consultant - Regional Environment Technical Assistance (RETA) Project

The report assesses the current state of the Solomon Islands environment, and the last section highlights some of the environmental issues and problems facing the country.


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1993
Reports and Books
State of Environment Report - Tuvalu
South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP)

This State of the Environment Report describes the environmental issues in Tuvalu and provides a background and context for the government in its next task of preparing the National Environmental Management Strategy (NEMS). The report describes the issues in these sectors. 1) Natural Environment 2) Human environment 3) Economic and built environment 4) Managing the environment and 5) Priority programmes


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1993
Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report - The Federated States of Micronesia
Michael J. Gawel - Consultant, Regional Environment Technical Assistance (RETA) Project

This report reviews the past and present status of natural resources and their uses and indicates what trends are occurring to determinc future resource uses and impacts of uses. It suggests possible priorities for incorporation into the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) Nationwide Environmental Management Strategy. Optimal socio-economic development in the Federated States of Miicronesia requires a long-term, intergenerational perspective on management of the limited but valuable natural resources and the environment.


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1993
Reports and Books
State of the Environment Report - Western Samoa
Tu'u'u leti Taule'alo, Local NEMS Consultant

This document represents a concise but nevertheless comprehensive report on the State of Environment in Western Samoa. The report summarises the current state of knowledge about the environment of Western Samoa.


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1993
Reports and Books
Industrial reliance on biodiversity. WCMC Biodiversity Series 7 (1997)
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

While developed countries control most of the world's financial resources, it is the developing world that is home to most of its biological resources. This study provides an overview of the extent to which industry in the developed world relies on the biodiversity of the developing world. The first section of the report reviews the direct consumptive use, with fisheries and forestry the largest components. The remaining chapters examine two specific industrial inputs where biodiversity serves as an information source: the use of wild genetic resources in plant breeding and the use of substances derived from the wild in the pharmaceutical industry. The project was funded under the UK Government Darwin Initiative.


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1993
Reports and Books
Ecologically Sensitive Sites in Africa. Volume 5: Sahel
United Nations Environment Programme, The World Bank, UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC)

This publication is made in response to requests from task managers in the Africa region who wanted to know the location and properties of the ecologically sensitive sites in Africa to which they could refer while implementing Bank projects in the region. This publication is also made to assist task managers to comply with the Bank's Operational Policy Note No. 11.02 on "Wildlands: Their Protection and Management in Economic Development" . The publication has been compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UK in collaboration with the Africa Environment Division of the Technical Department at the World Bank. It contains the most up-to-date available data and we hope it will find wider application beyond the Bank's operations.


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1993
Reports and Books
Transfrontier reserves for peace and nature.
United Nations Environment Programme

Transfrontier Reserves for Peace and Nature: A Contribution to Human Security


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1993
Reports and Books
Ecologically sensitive sites in Africa. Volume 4: West Africa
United Nations Environment Programme World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

This publication is made in response to requests from task managers in the Africa region who wanted to know the location and properties of the ecologically sensitive sites in Africa to which they could refer while implementing Bank projects in the region. This publication is also made to assist task managers to comply with the Bank's Operational Policy Note No. 11.02 on "Wildlands: Their Protection and Management in Economic Development" . The publication has been compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UK in collaboration with the Africa Environment Division of the Technical Department at the World Bank. It contains the most up-to-date available data and we hope it will find wider application beyond the Bank's operations.


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1993
Reports and Books
International Trade in Shark Fins
United Nations Environment Programme - World Conservation Monitoring Centre (United Nations Environment Programme-WCMC)

Over the last few years there has been growing disquiet about the increasing numbers of sharks being fished and traded on domestic and world markets. A major buyer quoted in the New York Times (1989) said


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1993