Tagged on: Policy and Strategy Documents

Reports and Books, Policy and Strategy Documents
Law and National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans
United Nations Environment Programme

This paper provides an overview of current thinking and the experience of countries in using legal frameworks to implement the Convention on Biological Diversity at the national level through National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans and provides options for enhancing legal preparedness in revising and implementing the National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans and the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011–2020 and achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.


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2018
Policy and Strategy Documents
Desarrollo sostenible en la práctica: La aplicación de un enfoque integrado en América Latina y el Caribe - Nota de Política
United Nations Environment Programme

The note identifies points of entry and concrete methodologies that have ensured effective bridging of several SDGs and thereby advance faster and more practically on applying an integrated approach that maximizes the synergies between them.


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2017
Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade and Environment Briefings: Export Restrictions - Policy Brief 2
United Nations Environment Programme, International Trade Center (ITC), International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Natural resources – in the form of finite resources such as minerals and energy, and renewable natural resources such as agricultural commodities (including biofuels), timber, fish, leather and forest products – are increasingly in demand due to rising wealth and a growing population. Trade is an essential means to secure access to resources, not least as they are unevenly distributed across the globe, and no single country is entirely self-sufficient.


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2012
Policy and Strategy Documents
The Strategy for the Development of the Caribbean Environment Programme - CEP Technical Report 05
United Nations Environment Programme, Caribbean Environment Programme

The strategy for the development of the Caribbean Environment Programme responds to the request of the Fourth Intergovernmental and First Contracting Parties Meeting convened in Guadeloupe in October 1987. It has been prepared following an intensive review of the most serious environmental problems affecting the region's marine and coastal resources (Regional Overview of Environmental Problems and Priorities Affecting the Coastal and Marine Resources of the Wider Caribbean). It is also responsive to the findings of the in-depth evaluation of the Programme (The Action Plan for the Caribbean Environment Programme: Evaluation of its Development and Achievements [1976-1987]).


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1990
Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade and Environment Briefings: Sustainability Standards for Consumer Goods - Policy Brief 8
United Nations Environment Programme, International Trade Center (ITC), International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Sustainability standards have emerged in the marketplace for food, textiles and a wide range of consumer goods and services over the last 25 years, and their role continues to grow, particularly in emerging markets. Standards provide consumers with information and assurance about the environmental impact of production and so help build value into certified goods and services. By providing information on environmental benefits otherwise not priced in the value chain, sustainability standards and certification have a key role to play in helping developing countries transition to a green economy. However, many developing countries are concerned that these standards can be potential non-tariff barriers to trade.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Fresh Water Under Threat: Protecting and Restoring Freshwater Ecosystems - SDG Policy Brief No. 004
United Nations Environment Programme

Freshwater ecosystems such as lakes and rivers are primarily affected by over-extraction, dumping of waste, discharge of wastewater and climate change. These ecosystems are essential for human health, biodiversity, and the functioning of other ecosystems on land and at sea. They provide important goods and services and are necessary for the replenishment and purification of water resources. By covering the entire water cycle and addressing the sustainability of water and sanitation access by focusing on the quality, availability and management of freshwater resources, SDG 6 acknowledges these links.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade and Environment Briefings: Sustainable Agriculture - Policy Brief 3
United Nations Environment Programme, International Trade Center (ITC), International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

For many developing countries, trade in agricultural products is one of the most important sources of livelihoods and economic growth. Trade patterns and policies often drive changes in agricultural practices, which is particularly important in developing countries given the link between agricultural production, rural development and poverty alleviation. Agricultural trade is also highly regulated to ensure the sector’s important role in food security, safety and quality of products and other domestic interests.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade in Environmentally Sound Technologies: Implications for Developing Countries - Policy Brief
United Nations Environment Programme

Environmentally sound technologies (ESTs) are technologies that have the potential to significantly improve environmental performance relative to other technologies. They are not just individual technologies but can also refer to total systems that include know-how, procedures, goods and services, equipment, as well as organizational and managerial procedures for promoting environmental sustainability. Examples include technologies related to renewable energy, waste management and pollution management.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade and Environment Briefings: Environmental Services - Policy Brief 7
United Nations Environment Programme, International Trade Center (ITC), International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

The market for environmental services is substantial and growing, driven in part by increasing environmental regulation and changing consumer preferences. If well managed, liberalisation of trade in environmental services can provide substantial benefits to the private sector as well as the general public through enhanced market opportunities, improved health and environmental sustainability, particularly in developing countries.


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Policy and Strategy Documents
Trade and Environment Briefings: Trade and Green Economy - Policy Brief 1: June 2012
United Nations Environment Programme, International Trade Center (ITC), International Center for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD)

Trade liberalisation has the potential to facilitate the transition to a green economy by fostering the exchange of environmentally friendly goods and services, increasing resource efficiency, generating economic opportunities and employment, and contributing to poverty eradication. However, if managed poorly, unrestrained trade can contribute to environmental degradation, unsustainable resource use and increased wealth disparities. In other words, the impact of trade on a green economy transition depends in large part on how trade policies are designed and applied and whether adequate national and institutional conditions (e.g. institutional and regulatory regimes) exist to cope with the impact of liberalisation.


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