Tagged on: Foresight Briefs

Foresight Briefs
Revisiting Ocean Acidification, Food Security and Our Earth System - Foresight Brief No. 009 - July 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

Ocean acidification is a global issue, which is affecting all ocean regions. It is important as it may have severe impacts on marine organisms and ecosystems. Loss of biodiversity is a likely result, accompanied by a reduction of harvestable resources, including those associated with human food resources. If CO2 emissions continue at the same rate, ocean acidification will have a considerable influence on marine-based diets for billions of people worldwide. The only way to stop ocean acidification is to curb emissions of CO2.


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2018
Foresight Briefs, Serials
Faith for Earth - Foresight Brief No. 008 - May 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

To several religions, nature is sacred, has intrinsic value, and therefore demands reverent care (Taylor 2010). Utilizing the agility of these beliefs in addressing climate change, energy conservation, sustainable use of biodiversity, and reforestation, among others,
in collaboration with key scientific, economic, public policy, and education partners is crucial for sustainable development (UNEP 2016; Hitzhusen and Tucker 2013). UN Environment has been engaging with faith-based organizations for many years, recognizing the prominent role that they can play in the implementation of the 2030 agenda.


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2018
Foresight Briefs, Serials
Hacking Economics for People and Planet - Foresight Brief No. 006 - February 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

As global environmentalism and environmental policy-making has moved into the 21st century, it has not significantly addressed a critical blindspot: the fundamental human system that lies at the root of our ecological and social challenges. This Foresight brief will focus on that particular ‘scientific’ field, that is seemingly immune to the oft-spoken mantras promoting change, innovation and new critical thinking in all other fields.


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2018
Foresight Briefs
Emerging Sponge Cities - Foresight Brief No. 005 - January 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

As global populations converge steadily into cities (UN, 2017), fast growing cities are suffering with intensi ed hydroclimatic hazards. In China, more cities are facing challenges associated with urban sustainability and urban water issues such as aging/outdated water and wastewater infrastructures, urban ooding and a high frequency of extreme weather (Li et al., 2017; Lv and Zhao, 2013). The emerging concept and construction of “sponge cities” is an effective approach to solving urban rainstorms(Liu et al., 2015; Xia et al., 2017) and seeks to enhance cities capacity on ood prevention.


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2018
Foresight Briefs, Serials
Smoke-haze: A Transboundary Air Pollution Issue in Southeast Asia - Foresight Brief No. 007 - March 2018
United Nations Environment Programme

The importance of this issue lies in the fact that smoke haze pollution has been occurring for several decades in Southeast Asia and with each passing year the pollution gets worse and lasts longer (Lin et al 2017). While the haze in 2015 was the longest on record (Tan 2015) the pollution standards index (PSI) data from Singapore has exhibited increasingly higher peaks. The longer the issue goes unaddressed, the greater the public and environmental health impacts and economic costs become. Furthermore, it risks straining relations between the countries within the ASEAN region.


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2018
Foresight Briefs
Marine Plastics Litter and Microplastics - Foresight Brief No. 002 - September 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The global production of plastics has increased from 1.5 million tons in 1950s to about 300 million tons currently, at an average rate of 4 per cent per annum and is expected to continue growing (Boucher and Friot 2017). About 50 per cent of the plastics produced is for single use, and the literature estimates that 8 million tons (2.5 per cent) of the plastic produced are leaked into the oceans annually (PlasticsEurope 2016).


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2017
Foresight Briefs, Serials
Lake Urmia: Signs of Recovery - Foresight Brief No. 004 - November 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

Lake Urmia, located in a mountainous region between the provinces of East and West Azerbaijan in northwestern Iran is one of the country’s most important ecosystems. Recent indications are that the lake is recovering. The focus of this brief is on the extent of this recovery and measures that are being put in place to ensure this is sustained.


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2017
Foresight Briefs
Saving Lake Faguibine - Foresight Brief No. 001 - August 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The Faguibine system, located in the Tombouktou region in Mali is a series of five interlinked lakes (Télé, Takara, Gouber, Kamango and Faguibine). In the late 19th century the floodplain extended over an area of 1,000 km–, however declining rainfall led to it shrinking to about 90 km² by 2010 (Hamerlynck, et al. 2016). Prolonged droughts over the years also led to the lake completely drying up in 1914, 1924 and 1944 (Pérez, Fernández and Gatti 2010). The decline of the Faguibine is an important issue because of its impacts on livelihood’s, food security and the resulting collapse of the natural ecosystem.


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2017
Foresight Briefs
The Changing Aral Sea - Foresight Brief No. 003 - October 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The Aral Sea was once the world’s fourth largest inland lake. Its hydrological balance is strongly determined by inflows from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers which are fed by glacial melt waters from the southwestern Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan and the Tien Shan Mountains that border Kyrgyzstan and China. Research indicated the Aral Sea would eventually split into two by 2030. However, re-engineering along the Syr Darya River delta in the Small Aral Sea has shown the possibilities of deliberate intervention.


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2017
Foresight Briefs
We are Losing the "Little Things that Run the World" - Foresight Brief No. 011 January 2019
United Nations Environment Programme

Insects make up about half of all known living organisms. They play key roles in, pollination, nutrient cycling, food chains or birds and other insectivores, and are one of the pillars of our ecosystems. However, the wide use of insecticides, fragmentation of habitats and climate change are placing multiple threats on them and their populations are under sharp decline. This Foresight Brief explores insect services, threats and solutions to sustain insect populations


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