Tagged on: Resource efficiency

Reports and Books
Monetary Policy And Sustainability: The Case of Bangladesh
United Nations Environment Programme

Central banks have wide ranging effects on the economy and society as a whole. Their decisions on monetary policy and sustainability are closely intertwined but the links between the mandates, objectives and instruments of central banks and a broad sustainability agenda are rarely reflected in policy debates. This report focuses on monetary policy and its sustainability impacts in Bangladesh. It lays out areas for exploration and provides initial insights into Bangladesh’s economic development, its sustainability priorities as well as its financial system, and the relationship between these aspects and the country’s monetary policy. It also reviews the mandate, objectives, targets, and instruments of the country’s central bank, as well as the effectiveness of the transmission channels at its disposal. At the same time, it highlights that knowledge gaps on the topic remain significant."


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2015
Manuals and Guides
Towards a more sustainable tannery sector in the Mediterranean
United Nations Environment Programme. Mediterranean Action Plan

This technical guide provides information on alternatives to leather that can prevent the environmental and human health impact while promoting local employment and sustainable economic opportunities, and summarises associated environmental problems caused by the tanning sector in the air, water and soil vectors and main generated pollutants. It also describes some available tools to implement a sustainability policy in the tanning


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2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 9: Stock Index
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detailed report on one of the fourteen recommendations complements the main report."


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2015
Reports and Books
Towards a Stock-Flow Consistent Ecological Macroeconomics
United Nations Environment Programme

This paper describes the challenge of modelling combined economic, ecological and financial systems and sets out a series of objectives for modelling the socio-economic transition towards sustainability. It highlights the modelling needs in relation to full employment, financial stability, and social equity under conditions of constrained resource consumption and ecological limits. It outlines the development of a dedicated system-dynamics model for describing Financial Assets and Liabilities in a Stock-Flow consistent Framework (FALSTAFF) and presents some hypothetical results calibrated for the Canadian economy. The selected scenarios illustrate the complex relationships between real and financial aspects of the macroeconomy and allow some initial tests on the financial viability of green investment."


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2015
Reports and Books
Options for decoupling economic growth from water use and water pollution: A report of the Water Working Group of the International Resource Panel: Summary for policy makers
United Nations Environment Programme

Global trends point to a relative decoupling of water – that is, the rate of water resource use is increasing at a rate slower than that of economic growth. The Options for Decoupling Economic Growth from Water Use and Water Pollution report provides an independent assessment of technological and policy-relevant tools and approaches that can be used to achieve the decoupling of water resources from economic development while considering environmental and welfare impacts over the full life cycle. To head off a looming water resource crisis, meet global water demand, and sustain economic growth and human wellbeing, global action for decoupling water from economic growth is essential. The report puts forward a package of policy and practical responses based on decoupling strategies to help the forward looking policy-maker in achieving global aspirations for water sustainability.


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2015
Reports and Books
Design options for a sustainable financial sector: Lessons from inclusive banking experiments
United Nations Environment Programme

Over 200 years ago, Adam Smith put forward the notion that individuals seeking to benefit themselves through trade were led as if by an invisible hand to a situation in which society as a whole could benefit. It can be argued, however, that social objectives such as sustainability, and inclusiveness, do not emerge spontaneously through market forces. Such outcomes have to be designed through legal structures and institutions. In other words, for the invisible hand to operate, there needs to be a visible hand behind it. The financial inclusion experiment in South Africa provides lessons for the design of the type of financial sector required for the transition from greed to green. "


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2015
Reports and Books
Stock Exchanges and Sustainability
United Nations Environment Programme

Stock exchanges have historically played an important role in economic growth and development through enabling effective capital allocation. However, exchanges and markets more broadly have changed over time, in structure, interconnectedness and rate of activity. This has happened against a backdrop of growing recognition of the unsustainability of the current economic growth path in both social and environmental terms. Sustainability advocates and others have identified stock exchanges and evolving market structure as both contributors to the problem and a potential partner in the solution. Markets and by extension, the companies listed on exchanges and the investors in those companies, are increasingly short-term in outlook and appear not to value the environmental and social impact of corporate behaviour. This is due to a range of factors including (but not limited to) the lack of disclosure by listed companies of relevant environmental, social and governance information, as well as an evolving market structure and trading behaviour that favours trading above investing. Given that it is increasingly clear that environmental and social issues have an impact on corporate performance, exchanges (or the relevant securities regulators) must require disclosure in the same way that financial disclosure is required. Exchanges also have a role to play in developing sustainability indices, ratings and associated products that are useful to investors as they seek to shift to more sustainable investment. More fundamentally, it is necessary to address some of the challenges posed by new market structures. This requires improving the understanding of how the current and evolving market structure impacts on the core capital raising and allocation function of markets and redefining market quality to reflect this linkage. Markets will not, however, even if optimized for sustainability, solve the sustainability challenge, as they should reflect societal norms and expectations, rather than driving them.


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2015
Manuals and Guides
Gender equality and the environment: Policy and strategy
United Nations Environment Programme

The UNEP Gender Policy and Strategy charts our strategic direction on gender and the environment over the 2014-2017 planning period. Like the MTS that it parallels, the P&S describes the overarching programme and operational mechanisms that we will put in place, or strengthen, and the broad areas of result that we plan to achieve, while the Gender Implementation Plan (GIP) articulates the precise steps that we will take, in tandem with the UNEP biennial Strategic Framework and corresponding Programme of Work (2014-2015 and 2016-2017).


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2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 10: Environmental Cost Analysis
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detailed report on one of the fourteen recommendations complements the main report."


Download: English
2015
YouthXchange guidebook series: Biodiversity and lifestyles
United Nations Environment Programme and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization)

To date, there are no youth-friendly publications that explore the relationship between biodiversity and our lifestyles. This guidebook explores the dimensions of global biological and cultural diversity, as well as helps youth to develop essential skills while engaging with biodiversity. It provides well- researched insights into the interactions between biodiversity and the lifestyle choices facing young people by explaining the interrelatedness of food, consumption, culture and biodiversity conservation.


Download: English
2015