Tagged on: Resource efficiency

Reports and Books
Design options for a sustainable financial sector: Lessons from inclusive banking experiments
United Nations Environment Programme

Over 200 years ago, Adam Smith put forward the notion that individuals seeking to benefit themselves through trade were led as if by an invisible hand to a situation in which society as a whole could benefit. It can be argued, however, that social objectives such as sustainability, and inclusiveness, do not emerge spontaneously through market forces. Such outcomes have to be designed through legal structures and institutions. In other words, for the invisible hand to operate, there needs to be a visible hand behind it. The financial inclusion experiment in South Africa provides lessons for the design of the type of financial sector required for the transition from greed to green. "


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2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 8: Green Rating
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detailed report on one of the fourteen recommendations complements the main report."


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2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 14: Mandatory Disclosure
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detailed report on one of the fourteen recommendations complements the main report."


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2015
Reports and Books
The Role of Policy-Driven Institutions in Developing National Financial Systems for Long-Term Growth
United Nations Environment Programme

Policy-driven institutions such as national development banks (NDBs) and national green funds (NGFs) attract a growing interest to provide grants, credit-enhancement instruments or lend directly to project proponents in specific green sectors, with billions of dollars allocated by governments to support these interventions. As part of ongoing efforts to better understand their comparative effectiveness to deepen national financial systems, the paper discusses the role of NGFs in catalysing institutional innovations and facilitating access to long-term affordable finance for green, low carbon and climate resilient investment. It argues that the key added value of NGFs might rest in their capacity to foster institutional innovations and partner with other financial and regulatory institutions to increase the diversity and depth of local financial markets in order to enhance the domestic supply of green finance."


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2015
Reports and Books
Reforming Electronic Markets and Trading
United Nations Environment Programme

On 3 November 2014 Ethical Markets Media and the UNEP Inquiry convened an expert seminar in New York, bringing together securities market experts and traders to examine how the issues of electronic markets and high-frequency trading relate to the broader efficiency, effectiveness and resilience of financial markets in the face of environmental and social challenges, and to consider the potential of several market-based reforms. This paper documents the proceedings of this expert seminar, chaired by Ethical Market’s Media founder, president and editor-in-chief, futurist and author Hazel Henderson.


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2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 3: Green the Development Banks
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Research Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemen4ed by international experts brought together by the UNEP Inquiry to consider the steps that China could take to establish a green financial system.This detailed report on one of the fourteen recommendations complements the main report."


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2015
Reports and Books
Options for decoupling economic growth from water use and water pollution: A report of the Water Working Group of the International Resource Panel
United Nations Environment Programme

Global trends point to a relative decoupling of water – that is, the rate of water resource use is increasing at a rate slower than that of economic growth. The Options for Decoupling Economic Growth from Water Use and Water Pollution report provides an independent assessment of technological and policy-relevant tools and approaches that can be used to achieve the decoupling of water resources from economic development while considering environmental and welfare impacts over the full life cycle. To head off a looming water resource crisis, meet global water demand, and sustain economic growth and human wellbeing, global action for decoupling water from economic growth is essential. The report puts forward a package of policy and practical responses based on decoupling strategies to help the forward looking policy-maker in achieving global aspirations for water sustainability.


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2015
Manuals and Guides
Towards a more sustainable tannery sector in the Mediterranean
United Nations Environment Programme. Mediterranean Action Plan

This technical guide provides information on alternatives to leather that can prevent the environmental and human health impact while promoting local employment and sustainable economic opportunities, and summarises associated environmental problems caused by the tanning sector in the air, water and soil vectors and main generated pollutants. It also describes some available tools to implement a sustainability policy in the tanning


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2015
Reports and Books
ECGFS Detailed Recommendation 4: Discounted Green Loans
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2014 the Resuarch Bureau of the People’s Bank of China convened a Green Finance Task Force made up of 40 experts from ministries, financial regulators, academics, banks and other financial institutions, complemented by international experts brought together


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2015
Reports and Books
The State of Food and Agriculture
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on reducing poverty have been met by many countries, yet many others lag behind and the post-2015 challenge will be the full eradication of poverty and hunger. Many developing countries increasingly recognize that social protection measures are needed to relieve the immediate deprivation of people living in poverty and to prevent others from falling into poverty when a crisis strikes.


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2015