Tagged on: Resource efficiency

Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Equatorial Guinea
United Nations Environment Programme

Equatorial Guinea had a population of 790,000 people in 2013 (IEA, 2016). Total electricity production in 2015 was 82 ktoe with 57.3 per cent generated from hydro and 41.4 per cent generated from fossil fuels (IEA, 2016). Electricity consumption in 2015 was 36 ktoe. Table 2 shows the main energy statistics.


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Reports and Books
Transboundary Aquifers and Groundwater Systems of Small Island Developing States: Status and trends - Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme Volume 1
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization-IHP

This document presents the first comprehensive indicator-based global assessment of status and trends in 199 transboundary aquifers and 42 groundwater systems of Small Island Developing States.


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Reports and Books
A sustainability standard for Chile's agriculture sector
United Nations Environment Programme

This study identifies the challenges that are currently hampering the export of agricultural products from Chile, and assesses opportunities to make use of sustainability standards to overcome these challenges. With this purpose, the study provides an overview of the existing Chilean and international sustainability standards and their main characteristics, and identifies implementation and knowledge gaps that need to be addressed in order to establish a sustainability standard for Chilean agricultural export products.


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Morocco
United Nations Environment Programme

In 2015, total electricity production was 3,733 ktoe, with 86.1 per cent from fossil fuels, 8.09 per cent from hydro and 5.7 per cent from solar and wind. Final electricity consumption was 2,630 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Reports and Books
Green Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries
United Nations Environment Programme

This paper focuses on the actual and potential role of foreign direct investment (FDI) in achieving the transition to a low-carbon, just and sustainable world and, more specifically, FDI flows into developing countries.


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Reports and Books
Responsible Resource Management for a Sustainable World: Findings from the International Resource Panel
United Nations Environment Programme

This synopsis highlights key findings from the following reports of the International Resource Panel: A) Priority products and materials: assessing the environmental impacts of consumption and production; B) Decoupling natural resource use and environmental impacts from economic growth; C) Metal Stocks in Society; D) Recycling Rates of Metals; and E) Assessing biofuels: towards sustainable production and use of resources.


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Reports and Books
Towards Sustainable Fisheries Access Agreements: Issues and Options at the World Trade Organization
United Nations Environment Programme

This paper presents concrete textual suggestions for improving the ASCM with regards to “access-related” fisheries subsidies. Suggested options range from improving the definition of subsidies to introducing criteria-conditioned exceptions for developing countries and strengthening transparency requirements of access agreements. With regard to ongoing WTO negotiations, the paper argues that a clarification on “access-related” subsidies within reformed fisheries subsidies disciplines would establish a solid basis for dealing with a key element of international fisheries policy and avoid potential litigation at a later stage. It would also provide the opportunity to establish conditions to ensure that access agreements enhance and not undermine the sustainable development of small island and coastal developing countries.


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Liberia
United Nations Environment Programme

By 2013, Liberia had a population of 4.29 million. In 2015, Liberia produced 41 ktoe of electricity of which 53.6 per cent was from hydro, 24.3 per cent from fossil fuels and 21.4 per cent from biofuels and waste. Final consumption of electricity in the same year was 3 ktoe (AFREC, 2015).


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Chapters and Articles
Energy Profile: Tanzania
United Nations Environment Programme

Total electricity production in 2015 was 555 ktoe, with 70.9 per cent from fossil fuels and 27.2 per cent from hydro sources, as shown in Table 2. Final consumption of electricity was 526 ktoe in 2015 (AFREC, 2015).


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Infographics and Flyers
Sustainable Lifestyles - Infographic
United Nations Environment Programme
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