Tagged on: Harmful substances

Reports and Books
Global chemicals outlook: towards sound management of chemicals
United Nations Environment Programme

The publication provides a wealth of technical and scientific information covering inter alia substances that can have adverse impacts on the environment and human health, that are of global and/or national and /or local concern, substances that are produced or used in high volume and/or widely dispersed, used and disposed of (i.e. organic, inorganic, halogenated compounds, metals and waste). It synthesizes and documents the well established environmental and health effects. It reviews knowledge and evidence available in quantifying and, when possible, monetizing the cost of inaction and benefit of action. It includes for the first time a special contribution from the financial and insurance sector analysis, highlighting its perspective in managing the risks to a chemical intensification of the economies. It also reviews many of the approaches, instruments and tools use by governments, industry, NGOs and international organizations to manage chemicals soundly.


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2013
Summaries
State of the Science of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals 2012: Summary for Decision-Makers
United Nations Environment Programme

This Summary for Decision-Makers, together with the main document, State of the Science of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals—2012 presents information and key concerns for policy-makers on endocrine disruptors as part of the ongoing collaboration between the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to address concerns about the potential adverse health effects of chemicals on humans and wildlife.


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2012
Annual Reports
2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey
Uganda Bureau of Statistics

The 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (2011 UDHS) was designed as a follow-up to the 1988/89, 1995, 2000-01 and 2006 Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys. The main objective of the 2011 UDHS was to obtain current data on demography, family planning, maternal mortality, infant and child mortality, and health related information such as breastfeeding, antenatal care, delivery, children’s immunization, and childhood diseases. In addition, the survey was designed to evaluate the nutritional status of mothers and children, to measure the prevalence of anaemia among women and children, and to measure the prevalence of HIV infection among the male and female adult population age 15-49 years. This report presents preliminary findings from the 2011 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey (2011 UDHS). The survey findings will be used by policy makers to evaluate the demographic and health status of the Ugandan population in order to formulate appropriate population and health policies and programs in Uganda. The forthcoming UDHS final report will contain more detailed findings.


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2012
Reports and Books
Mining, development and environment in Central Asia: Toolkit Companion with case studies
Zoï Environment Network, University of Eastern Finland, Gaia Group Oy

This toolkit companion is an illustrated overview of the trends and challenges in environment, mining and development of the Kyrgyz Republic and Central Asia. It focuses on environmental security in the mining sector and highlights selected causes and ingredients of recent mining-related conflicts, the lessons learned and the opportunities for solutions.


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2012
Reports and Books
Compendium of Recycling and Destruction Technologies for Waste Oils
United Nations Environment Programme

Waste oil (used oil) is a growing hazardous waste stream closely linked with rapid industrialization and increased automobile use. Recycling and disposal of waste oils is feasible and will not only avoid the negative impacts on human health and the environment but also help to conserve finite resources. A compendium of recycling and destruction technologies for waste oils has been developed.


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2012
Reports and Books
Inventory of Mercury Releases in Nigeria
Federal Ministry of Environment, Government of Nigeria

This report has inputs from relevant stakeholders that have submitted data on mercury-containing materials and devices, and mercury in processes. The information being accepted as provided, has not been independently checked and could contain errors in estimates made.


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2012
UNEP Year Book 2012: emerging issues in our global environment
United Nations Environment Programme

The UNEP Year Book 2012 shows that we have been experiencing an exceptional level of ecological extremes. However, scientists and policy makers have been making headway on addressing some of the most pressing environmental issues. The 2012 Year Book presents the most important events and developments from the year, gives a picture of the status of key environmental indicators, and also highlights two emerging issues in detail: the benefits of soil carbon and the decommissioning of nuclear power plants. The Year Book is intended to strengthen the science-policy interface by informing interested parties about the most relevant environmental issues.


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2012
Reports and Books
Inventory of Mercury Releases in Tanzania
Vice President’s Office – Division of Environment, Government of Tanzania

The National Mercury Inventory for the United Republic of Tanzania has been developed by the Vice President’s Office – Division of Environment through multi-stakeholders task force. The inventory was made with the use of the


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2012
Reports and Books
Minimum Specifications for Health Care Waste Incineration
Environmental Council of Zambia

Quantities of health care waste generated monthly range from a few kilograms at remote health care facilities, to hundreds or possibly thousands of kg at central hospitals. Poorly disposed off health care waste such as syringes and needles may be scavenged and reused resulting in people being infected with hepatitis Band C, HIV and other blood-borne infections. The need for adequate and safe disposal of health care waste cannot be thus over emphasised. To avoid these serious health problems and the lack of minimum specifications for health care waste incinerators, the Environmental Council of Zambia (ECZ) and Ministry of Health (MoH), with the support of partner stakeholders, embarked on the development of these specifications for use by all health care facilities in the country. Countrywide surveys of incinerator use, maintenance and management have revealed widespread deficiencies in the construction, siting, operation and management of these units. These deficiencies can result in poor performance of the incinerator, e.g. low temperatures, incomplete waste destruction, inappropriate ash disposal, high smoke emissions, fugitive emissions, etc. Still, user acceptance of incinerators appears generally high and the use of incinerators is preferable to the disposal of waste in unsecured pits or landfills, or (uncontrolled) burning in drums or pits. However, the combustion of health care waste can form particulate matter, dioxins, furans and other toxic air pollutants. It is with the foregoing that these minimum specifications have been developed to ensure a sound management of the incineration process, disposal of health care waste, minimizing emissions, and reducing occupational exposures and other hazards.


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2012
GEO
State of the Environment Report: Charts and Figures - Portugal
Portuguese Environment Agency

Portugal State of the Environment Report 2012, Charts and Figures.


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2012