Tagged on: Harmful substances

GEO
全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署
环境署

全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署


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2016
Reports and Books
Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics: Global Lessons and Research to Inspire Action and Guide Policy Change
United Nations Environment Programme

Plastic litter in the ocean can be considered a ‘common concern of humankind’. This study summarizes the state of our knowledge on sources, fate and effect of marine plastics debris and microplastics, and describes approaches and potential solutions to address this multifaceted issue. The study is divided into four main sections: Background, Evidence Base, Taking Action, and Conclusions and Key Research Needs.


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2016
Reports and Books
Global Waste Management Outlook
United Nations Environment Programme, International Waste Management Association

The Global Waste Management Outlook, a collective effort of the United Nations Environment Programme and the International Waste Management Association, is a pioneering scientific global assessment on the state of waste management and a call for action to the international community. Prepared as a follow up to the Rio+20 Summit and as a response to UNEP Governing Council decision GC 27/12, the document establishes the rationale and the tools for taking a holistic approach towards waste management and recognizing waste and resource management as a significant contributor to sustainable development and climate change mitigation. The Outlook is primarily focused on the ‘governance’ issues which need to be addressed to establish a sustainable solution – including the regulatory and other policy instruments, the partnerships and the financing models. Broad in scope and global in coverage, the Outlook includes a series of Topic Sheets and case studies addressing specific issues and illustrating featured initiatives. This document provides an inspiring possible way forward on waste management, drawing conclusions and making recommendations to assist policy makers and practitioners to develop local solutions for waste management. To complement the Sustainable Development Goals of the Post-2015 Development Agenda, the Outlook sets forth Global Waste Management Goals and a Global Call to Action to achieve those goals.


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2015
Reports and Books
The United Nations Environment Programme and the 2030 Agenda: Global Action for People and the Planet
United Nations Environment Programme

Unemployment, resource scarcity, climate change, food insecurity and inequity all signal the need for radical change in our societies. To bring this change, the entire UN system must meet the challenge of delivering sustainable development with shared prosperity for all, within the ecological limits of our planet. The UN’s role in this transformation is to assist countries to implement the economic, social and environmental dimensions of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in a balanced and integrated manner.


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2015
Manuals and Guides
Guidelines for environmentally sound management of used oils in the Mediterranean
United Nations Environment Programme. Mediterranean Action Plan

This technical guide provides background information and data on used oils, information on ecolabelling for lubricants and alternatives such as bio-lubricants, associated environmental problems caused by used oils as well as information on the main used oil treatment technologies. It also describes in plain and simple language the possible steps towards the environmentally sound management of used oils that can generally be applied to any given country that goes from stakeholder engagement to final rerefining/ recycling and shows several case studies on used oil pollution prevention.


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2015
Manuals and Guides
Gender equality and the environment: Policy and strategy
United Nations Environment Programme

The UNEP Gender Policy and Strategy charts our strategic direction on gender and the environment over the 2014-2017 planning period. Like the MTS that it parallels, the P&S describes the overarching programme and operational mechanisms that we will put in place, or strengthen, and the broad areas of result that we plan to achieve, while the Gender Implementation Plan (GIP) articulates the precise steps that we will take, in tandem with the UNEP biennial Strategic Framework and corresponding Programme of Work (2014-2015 and 2016-2017).


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2015
Reports and Books
Practical Sourcebook on Mercury Waste Storage and Disposal
United Nations Environment Programme

The Practical Sourcebook aims to enhance the capacity of governments and other relevant stakeholders to store and dispose mercury wastes in an environmentally sound manner.


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2015
Policy and Strategy Documents
UNEP Medium Term Strategy 2014-2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The UNEP medium-term strategy for the period 2014–2017 plots the direction that UNEP will take in pursuit of that goal. It lays out the vision, strategic objectives and the results which UNEP aims to achieve by 2017. Key to successful attainment of these results will be work by UNEP with stakeholders with very different needs and priorities across multiple sectors of government and society, to enable them better to manage the environment and thereby safeguard the services that it provides for their countries’ development and economy, which are crucial to the eradication of poverty and the well-being of their populations.


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2015
Reports and Books
Sources, Fate and Effects of Microplastics in the Marine Environment: A Global Assessment
Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP)

The GESAMP assessment focuses on a category of plastic debris termed ‘microplastics’. These small pieces of plastic may enter the ocean as such, or may result from the fragmentation of larger items through the influence of UV radiation. Section 1 provides an introduction to the problem of microplastics in the marine environment, and the rationale for the assessment. The principal purpose of the assessment is to provide an improved evidence base, to support policy and management decisions on measures that might be adopted to reduce the input of microplastics to the oceans. The GESAMP assessment can be considered as contributing to a more formal Assessment Framework, such as the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact- Response (DPSIR) Assessment Framework, which is introduced in Section 2.


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2015
Manuals and Guides
Guidelines for environmentally sound management of used lead batteries in the Mediterranean
United Nations Environment Programme. Mediterranean Action Plan

This technical guide provides background information and data on sources and amounts of produced used lead batteries, an overview of available standards, technical specification and guidelines on the storage and treatment of batteries and accumulators as well as information on associated environmental and health aspects. It also describes the collection, transport and storage, treatment and recovery of used lead batteries, as well as their transboundary movement. Finally it explains potential sources of environmental contamination, and discusses economic aspects of environmentally sound management of used lead batteries.


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2015