Tagged on: Environment Under Review

Reports and Books
The 2012 International Visitors’ Exit Survey Report
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), United Republic of Tanzania

The primary objective of the survey was to collect up-to-date tourist expenditure information for use in the ‘’Tourist Expenditure Model” developed in 2001. The 2012 survey’s results have indicated that there has been an improved performance of the tourism industry, evidenced by a significant increase in earnings from international visitors. Most of the visitors were impressed by Tanzania as one of the unique quality destinations, with friendly people and wonderful scenery. However, a number of visitors indicated the need for further improvement of the infrastructure particularly, roads between national parks and quality of services in some of the hotels.


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2014
Reports and Books
Selected Green Growth Indicators in the Slovak Republic
Slovak Environment Agency

This publication summarizes the development and the present state of the individual indicators. Its ambition is to foster further development of our country in the area of the green growth strategy. Nevertheless, this publication is only the first step in the process of adopting measures that will result in the country’s sustainable economy.


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2014
GEO
Arab Environment 7: Food Security
Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED)

Food Security is the seventh in the series of annual reports on the state of Arab environment produced by the Arab Forum for Environment and Development (AFED). The primary aim of AFED reports is to foster the use of science in environmental policy and decision-making. This is in line with AFED’s mission “to advance prudent environmental policies and action in the Arab countries based on science and awareness.” This report highlights the need for more efficient management of the agriculture and water sectors, enhancing the prospects of food security. It comes as natural addition to the sequence.


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2014
Reports and Books
Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs: 1970-2012
Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network

This report is the most detailed and comprehensive study of its kind published to date – the result of the work of 90 experts over the course of three years. It contains the analysis of more than 35,000 surveys conducted at 90 Caribbean locations since 1970, including studies of corals, seaweeds, grazing sea urchins and fish. The results show that the Caribbean corals have declined by more than 50% since the 1970s. But according to the authors, restoring parrotfish populations and improving other management strategies, such as protection from overfishing and excessive coastal pollution, could help the reefs recover and make them more resilient to future climate change impacts. Key findings of the report: There has been a dramatic decline in Caribbean corals of more than 50% since the 1970s. The decline is not uniform and correlates only weakly with local extreme heating events, instead being mainly attributed to the severity of local stressors, in particular tourism, overfishing and pollution. Whilst climate change has badly affected Caribbean corals and continues to be a major threat, well-managed reefs have bounced back suggesting that climate change is not the main determinant of current Caribbean coral health and that good management practices can save larger areas of reef if tough choices are made. Loss of the two main grazers, parrotfish and sea urchin, has been a key driver of coral decline in the region as it breaks the delicate balance of coral ecosystems and allows algae to smother reefs The massive outbreak of coral diseases and mass die-off of sea urchin close to the Panama Canal suggest that the order-of-magnitude increase in bulk shipping in the 1960s and 1970s has introduced pathogens and invasive species that have since spread in the Caribbean. Recommendations made in the report: 1.,, Adopt conservation and fisheries management strategies that lead to the restoration of parrotfish populations and so restore the balance between algae and coral that characterises healthy coral reefs||2.,, Maximise the effect of those management strategies by incorporating necessary resources for outreach, compliance, enforcement and the examination of alternative livelihoods for those that may be affected by restrictions on the take of parrotfish||3.,, Consider listing the parrotfish in the Annex II and III of the SPAW Protocol (The Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife) in addition to highlighting the issue of reef herbivory in relevant Caribbean fisheries fora||4.,, Engage with indigenous and local communities and other stakeholders to communicate the benefits of such strategies for coral reef ecosystems, the replenishment of fisheries stocks and communities


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2014
Programme Performance Reports
UNEP Programme Performance Report 2013
United Nations Environment Programme

The 2012-2013 biennium completed the implementation of the first Medium-Term Strategy of UNEP for the period 2010-2013. For the first time in the history of the organization, results-based management principles were fully applied throughout the programme cycle, from planning to monitoring and evaluating our implementation. UNEP’s performance against Expected Accomplishments in the Programme of Work for the biennium 2012-2013 shows: - 64 per cent achieved on schedule||- 85 per cent of indicator targets that were achieved were over-exceeded||- 30 per cent partially achieved with work still underway in some cases. Financial (and human)||resources are not always available at the beginning of the biennium as funds are mobilized during the biennium in which results are to be achieved, sometimes affecting the pace of the organization’s delivery and expenditure rates||- 6 per cent not achieved, owing to indicators that were not possible to measure and were substituted with alternative performance measurements.


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2014
Reports and Books
UNEP Year Book 2014: Emerging issues in our global environment
United Nations Environment Programme

Ten years after the first Year Book in this series appeared, a special e-book anniversary edition – UNEP Year Book 2014 – presents a fresh look at ten issues highlighted over the past decade. This UNEP Year Book 2014 takes advantage of the latest technology, providing a multi-media experience that helps illustrate the environmental challenges we face today and some of the innovative solutions that have been created to solve those challenges. Video, animations, data visualization and stunning images from around the world help tell the stories


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2014
Reports and Books
Island Biodiversity – Island Bright Spots in Conservation & Sustainability
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Islands are taking action to effectively conserve biodiversity and promote sustainable livelihoods. Despite significant vulnerabilities facing islands, leaders of island countries and countries with islands have made visionary commitments at local, national, regional and global levels. Notably, governments are working together in innovative partnerships with public and private partners to achieve the commitment targets. Inspired island solutions in action are “bright spots” that exemplify how together we can build on what is working to conserve and sustainably utilize our invaluable natural resources, and achieve the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.


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2014
Annual Reports
Asian Development Outlook 2014: Fiscal Policy for Inclusive Growth
Asian Development Bank

Developing Asia is expected to extend its steady growth. The region's growth is projected to edge up from 6.1% in 2013 to 6.2% in 2014 and 6.4% in 2015. Moderating growth in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) as its economy adjusts to more balanced growth will offset to some extent the stronger demand expected from the industrial countries as their economies recover. Risks to the outlook have eased and are manageable. The monetary policy shift in the United States (US) may invite some volatility ahead in financial markets, albeit mitigated by accommodative monetary policy in Japan and the euro area. The regional growth outlook depends on continued recovery in the major industrial economies and on the PRC managing to contain internal credit growth smoothly. Greater Public Spending Needed to Reduce Inequality Widening income gaps in developing Asia strengthens the case for greater use of fiscal policy to foster equality of opportunity. While the region has benefited from fiscal prudence in the past, demographic and environmental challenges are expected to compete for public resources in the coming years. To boost public spending on equity-enhancing programs such as education and health without undermining fiscal sustainability, the authorities will need to explore a wide range of options for mobilizing revenue and to build equity objectives into their fiscal plans.


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2014
Policy and Strategy Documents
Proposed biennial programme of work and budget for 2016–2017: Report of the Executive Director
United Nations Environment Assembly of the United Nations Environment Programme

The present report sets out the proposed programme of work and budget for the biennium 2016–2017, reflecting the results of the consultations with the Committee of Permanent Representatives to the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Without prejudice to further work by the Committee of Permanent Representatives on this matter, the proposed programme of work and budget is being submitted to the United Nations Environment Assembly for its consideration.


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2014
Reports and Books
Statistics of Forestry Production
Government of Indonesia

The future direction of forestry development which supported by the conservation of forest resources can be achieved by placing the function in poverty reduction, economic development and the prevention of environmental damage. To achieve the three objectives of the forestry development and its prerequisites, required data and information that is complete, relevant, accurate, and timely.


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2014