Tagged on: Ecosystem management

Reports and Books
International Environmental Law-making and Diplomacy Review 2014
United Nations Environment Programme, University of Eastern Finland

In October 2014, the University of Eastern Finland and UNEP held the eleventh joint Course on Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) in Joensuu, Finland. The papers compiled in this volume of the Review are based on lectures presented on the theme of environmental security.


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2015
Reports and Books
Nitrogen: Strategies for resolving an urgent environmental problem
German Advisory Council on the Environment

The excessive release of nitrogen compounds into the environment is one of the biggest problems of our time. Nitrogen compounds, such as nitrogen oxides and ammonia, pollute the environment and endanger human health in numerous and complex ways.


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2015
Reports and Books
Uganda Wetlands Atlas - Volume I
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

This publication has been driven by the need to address the rising concerns about the impact of human activities on wetlands in Uganda, particularly those around the Kampala metropolitan area. This visual portrayal is clustered into five major themes: an introductory overview of wetlands management, institutional, policy and legal framework for general awareness of issues in the wetlands of Uganda and the Kampala metropolitan area; a brief overview of major wetland systems in the study area comprised of Kampala City, Mukono and Wakiso districts; a general description of the drivers of wetland changes, with detailed analysis for selected hotspots in Kampala, Wakiso and Mukono; wetland pressures, impacts, constraints and opportunities; and strategies for ensuring the wise use of these vital but fragile ecosystems. With up-to-date maps, recent and historical satellite images, ground photographs, data tables, graphs and compelling storylines, the Wetlands Atlas provides a vivid depiction of the state of Uganda’s major urban and peri-urban wetlands. It is envisaged that this Atlas will serve as an important reference tool for policy makers, legislators, corporate bodies, environmentalists, educators, students and the general public.


Download: Uganda Wetlands Cover_Volume I.pdf, Uganda Wetlands Atlas_Volume I.pdf
2015
Reports and Books
Sources, Fate and Effects of Microplastics in the Marine Environment: A Global Assessment
Joint Group of Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Environmental Protection (GESAMP)

The GESAMP assessment focuses on a category of plastic debris termed ‘microplastics’. These small pieces of plastic may enter the ocean as such, or may result from the fragmentation of larger items through the influence of UV radiation. Section 1 provides an introduction to the problem of microplastics in the marine environment, and the rationale for the assessment. The principal purpose of the assessment is to provide an improved evidence base, to support policy and management decisions on measures that might be adopted to reduce the input of microplastics to the oceans. The GESAMP assessment can be considered as contributing to a more formal Assessment Framework, such as the Driver-Pressure-State-Impact- Response (DPSIR) Assessment Framework, which is introduced in Section 2.


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2015
Reports and Books
World Ocean Review 4, Sustainable Use of Our Oceans – Making Ideas Work
World Ocean Review(WOR)

Time brings change. In our fast-moving age, the Earth, and therefore also Nature and our society, are changing ever more rapidly. With high population growth and the progressive diversification of labour, we humans are changing the face of our planet to an unprecedented extent. Some of the greatest challenges result from growing complexity, interconnectedness and linkages across the globe: examples are the increasing integration of international financial markets and the economic interdependence of consumer and producer societies. In a globalized world, comprehending all that happens in politics, the economy and the cultural sphere has become an ever more difficult task. Our scientific knowledge, too, has grown apace. It has become more diverse and multifaceted, creating something of a barrier to understanding and making the lessons to be learned from science less accessible. This applies especially to our oceans. Over recent decades, we have learned, for example, that chemical, biological and physical processes in the marine environment influence each other and cannot be viewed in isolation, requiring a more integrated approach to our interpretation of scientific data and showing that there are no simple answers to the multitude of questions arising in modern marine research. Indeed, as we increasingly recognize that marine ecosystems are worth protecting, many questions and expectations arise. We must begin, therefore, by being mindful of the essentials: by establishing clarity on the concepts and terminology and how to communicate them to a wider public, and being clear about the fundamental principles guiding our actions.


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2015
Reports and Books
UNEP Regional Office for North America Newsletter
United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP Regional Office for North America December 2015 Newsletter


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2015
Reports and Books
The Regional State of the Coast Report: Western Indian Ocean
United Nations Environment Programme

The Regional State of Coast Report for the western Indian Ocean (WIO) is the first comprehensive regional synthesis to provide insights into the enormous economic potential around the WIO, the consequential demand for marine ecosystem goods and services to match the increasing human population, the pace and scale of environmental changes taking place in the region and the opportunities to avoid serious degradation in one of the world’s unique and highly biodiverse oceans. The report goes a step further and presents exploratory scenarios and policy analysis to better inform anticipatory planning and management of coastal and marine resources.


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2015
Reports and Books
Forest Ecosystems in the Transition to a Green Economy and the Role of REDD+ in the United Republic of Tanzania
United Nations Environment Programme, UN-REDD Programme, Tanzania Forest Services, Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism

The main objective of this study is to assess whether there is an economic rationale for the reduction of deforestation in the United Republic of Tanzania, by calculating the economic costs and benefits based on current levels of deforestation. The study is part of a range of activities offered by the UN-REDD Programme in support of the Tanzanian Government. REDD+1 is a concept designed to reward developing countries for their verified reductions or removals of forest carbon emissions compared to a forest reference level or forest reference emission level that complies with the relevant safeguards.


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2015
Reports and Books
The United Nations Environment Programme and the 2030 Agenda: Global Action for People and the Planet
United Nations Environment Programme

Unemployment, resource scarcity, climate change, food insecurity and inequity all signal the need for radical change in our societies. To bring this change, the entire UN system must meet the challenge of delivering sustainable development with shared prosperity for all, within the ecological limits of our planet. The UN’s role in this transformation is to assist countries to implement the economic, social and environmental dimensions of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in a balanced and integrated manner.


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2015
Reports and Books
Blue economy: sharing success stories to inspire change
United Nations Environment Programme

Oceans are vital, not only to a wide array of biodiversity and ecosystems, but also to the food chains, livelihoods and climate regulation for a human population heading towards nine billion people. That is why this report shares stories that illustrate how economic indicators and development strategies can better reflect the true value of such wide spread benefits and potentially even build on them.


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2015