Tagged on: Ecosystem management

Reports and Books
The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment: World Ocean Assessment I
United Nations

The first World Ocean Assessment provides an important scientific basis for the consideration of ocean issues by Governments, intergovernmental processes, and all policy-makers and others involved in ocean affairs. The Assessment reinforces the science-policy interface and establishes the basis for future assessments. Together with future assessments and related initiatives, it will help in the implementation of the recently adopted 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly its ocean-related goals.


Download: English
2016
Reports and Books
Global Nutrition Report 2016: From Promise to Impact: Ending Malnutrition by 2030
International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

The 2016 Global Nutrition Report is an authoritative source of action-oriented nutrition knowledge that transcends politics and guides the SUN Movement in its quest to make nutrition a priority. This report continues to push the boundaries beyond previous editions—with an optimistic message that when we work together, our collective impact can achieve the changes needed to sustainably transform lives, communities, and the future. Eradicating malnutrition requires perseverance from all of us, and the report gives us our backbone and resolve. It also ensures that we hold each other accountable and learn from each other’s successes and failures. The Global Nutrition Report emphasizes the challenges posed by the multiple forms of malnutrition. It also signals the enormous importance of investing in the critical 1,000-day window so that every girl and boy can lead a happy, healthy, and productive life. Investing in nutrition is our collective legacy for a sustainable world in 2030. Few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects one in three people. Malnutrition manifests itself in many different ways: as poor child growth and development||as individuals who are skin and bone or prone to infection||as those who are carrying too much weight or whose blood contains too much sugar, salt, fat, or cholesterol||or those who are deficient in important vitamins or minerals. Malnutrition and diet are by far the biggest risk factors for the global burden of disease: every country is facing a serious public health challenge from malnutrition. The economic consequences represent losses of 11 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) every year in Africa and Asia, whereas preventing malnutrion delivers $16 in returns on investment for every $1 spent. The world’s countries have agreed on targets for nutrition, but despite some progress in recent years the world is off track to reach those targets. This third stocktaking of the state of the world’s nutrition points to ways to reverse this trend and end all forms of malnutrition by 2030. Over the past decade, momentum around nutrition has been steadily building: In 2012 the World Health Assembly adopted the 2025 Global Targets for Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition. The following year, it went on to adopt targets for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), including those relevent to nutrition. Also in 2013, at the first Nutrition for Growth (N4G) Summit, donors committed US$23 billion to actions to improve nutrition. With the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) in 2014 and with the recent naming of 2016–2025 as the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition, more and more people have begun to recognize the importance of addressing malnutrition in all its forms. In 2015, the UN Sustainable Development Goals enshrined the objective of “ending all forms of malnutrition,” challenging the world to think and act differently on malnutrition—to focus on all its faces and work to end it, for all people, by 2030. Now, 2016 brings major opportunities to translate this commitment into action. These opportunities include countries’ adoption of their own targets related to the Sustainable Development Goals, the ongoing Nutrition for Growth process, and Japan’s growing leadership on nutrition in the lead-up to the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics. The Global Nutrition Report is the only independent and comprehensive annual review of the state of the world’s nutrition. It is a multipartner initiative that holds a mirror up to our successes and failures at meeting intergovernmental nutrition targets.1 It documents progress on commitments made on the global stage, and it recommends actions to accelerate that progress. The Global Nutrition Report aims to be a beacon, providing examples of change and identifying opportunities for action. This year’s report focuses on the theme of making—and measuring— SMART commitments to nutrition and identifying what it will take to end malnutrition in all its forms by 2030.


Download: English
2016
GEO
全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署
环境署

全球环境展望6区域评估总结:GEO-6 主要发现和政策信息环境署


Download: Chinese
2016
GEO
ГЭП-6, Доклад об оценке по панъевропейскому региону
ЮНЕП, ЕЭК ООН

Данный шестой Доклад об оценке «Глобальная экологическая перспектива» (ГЭП-6) по панъевропейскому региону рисует полную картину экологических факторов, влияющих на здоровье и благополучие человека на уровне рассматриваемого региона. Опираясь на большой объем новых достоверных научных доказательств, региональные консультации и надежный межправительственный процесс, настоящий доклад показывает, что реализация региональных и глобальных многосторонних природоохранных соглашений позволила улучшить экологическую обстановку в панъевропейском регионе. В документе также подчеркивается сложность взаимосвязанных экологических, социальных и экономических задач, стоящих перед лицами, принимающими решения.


Download: Russian
2016
Reports and Books
Contributions of the United Nations Environment Programme towards achieving the strategic plan of biodiversity (2011 - 2020 and the Aichi biodiversity targets
United Nations Environment Programme

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is committed to supporting Parties to the Convention. on Biological Diversity (CBD) in their efforts to achieving the Strategic Plan of Biodiversity (2011-2020) and the Aichi biodiversity targets. With more than one hundred projects spread across more than one hundred and twenty countries, UNEP’s contribution to the CBD, specifically in achieving the twenty Aichi targets, is the key focus of this report for information and consideration by the Parties to the CBD as well as the Member States of UNEP. It is noteworthy to mention that the UNEP’s Medium Term Strategy and Programme of Work are in close alignment with the priorities of not just the CBD but also other biodiversity related conventions with regard to programmatic issues related to biodiversity.


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2016
Supporting human well-being through healthy and productivee ecosystems
United Nations Environment Programme

Humans depend on healthy and productive ecosystems to meet their basic needs, but many people’s needs are not being met sustainability – If at all. An estimated 795 million people suffer from hunger and 1.2 billion live in water-stressed areas. At the same time, biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation are expected to continue, or even accelerate. The demand for ecosystem goods and services is predicted to further increase: By 2030, the world will require 40% more timber and fibre.


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2016
Reports and Books
Marine Plastic Debris and Microplastics: Global Lessons and Research to Inspire Action and Guide Policy Change
United Nations Environment Programme

Plastic litter in the ocean can be considered a ‘common concern of humankind’. This study summarizes the state of our knowledge on sources, fate and effect of marine plastics debris and microplastics, and describes approaches and potential solutions to address this multifaceted issue. The study is divided into four main sections: Background, Evidence Base, Taking Action, and Conclusions and Key Research Needs.


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2016
Unlocking the sustainable potential of land resources: Evaluating systems, strategies and tools: Factsheet
United Nations Environment Programme

Better matching of land use with its sustainable potential is a “no-regrets” strategy for sustainably increasing agricultural production on existing land, targeting restoration efforts to where they are likely to be most successful, and guiding biodiversity conservation initiatives. Land potential is defined as the inherent, long-term potential of the land to sustainably generate ecosystem services. This report provides an introduction to land potential evaluation systems, strategies and tools necessary to implement this strategy. It provides information that both private landowners and policymakers can use to increase long-term productivity and profitability, while at the same time addressing global objectives defined through land-related Sustainable Development Goals, and particularly 15.3 (land degradation neutrality).


Download: English
2016
Reports and Books
Unlocking the sustainable potential of land resources: Evaluating systems, strategies and tools
United Nations Environment Programme

Better matching of land use with its sustainable potential is a “no-regrets” strategy for sustainably increasing agricultural production on existing land, targeting restoration efforts to where they are likely to be most successful, and guiding biodiversity conservation initiatives. Land potential is defined as the inherent, long-term potential of the land to sustainably generate ecosystem services. This report provides an introduction to land potential evaluation systems, strategies and tools necessary to implement this strategy. It provides information that both private landowners and policymakers can use to increase long-term productivity and profitability, while at the same time addressing global objectives defined through land-related Sustainable Development Goals, and particularly 15.3 (land degradation neutrality).


Download: English
2016
Summaries
Unlocking the sustainable potential of land resources: Evaluating systems, strategies and tools: Summary for policymakers
United Nations Environment Programme

Better matching of land use with its sustainable potential is a “no-regrets” strategy for sustainably increasing agricultural production on existing land, targeting restoration efforts to where they are likely to be most successful, and guiding biodiversity conservation initiatives. Land potential is defined as the inherent, long-term potential of the land to sustainably generate ecosystem services. This report provides an introduction to land potential evaluation systems, strategies and tools necessary to implement this strategy. It provides information that both private landowners and policymakers can use to increase long-term productivity and profitability, while at the same time addressing global objectives defined through land-related Sustainable Development Goals, and particularly 15.3 (land degradation neutrality).


Download: English
2016