Tagged on: Ecosystem management

Foresight Briefs
Marine Plastics Litter and Microplastics - Foresight Brief No. 002 - September 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The global production of plastics has increased from 1.5 million tons in 1950s to about 300 million tons currently, at an average rate of 4 per cent per annum and is expected to continue growing (Boucher and Friot 2017). About 50 per cent of the plastics produced is for single use, and the literature estimates that 8 million tons (2.5 per cent) of the plastic produced are leaked into the oceans annually (PlasticsEurope 2016).


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2017
Foresight Briefs
The Changing Aral Sea - Foresight Brief No. 003 - October 2017
United Nations Environment Programme

The Aral Sea was once the world’s fourth largest inland lake. Its hydrological balance is strongly determined by inflows from the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers which are fed by glacial melt waters from the southwestern Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan and the Tien Shan Mountains that border Kyrgyzstan and China. Research indicated the Aral Sea would eventually split into two by 2030. However, re-engineering along the Syr Darya River delta in the Small Aral Sea has shown the possibilities of deliberate intervention.


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2017
Reports and Books
Accelerating Sustainable Development in Africa: Country Lessons from Applying Integrated Approaches
United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Development Programme

This report illustrates how policy makers, government staff and development practitioners can start putting in place what the former UN Secretary General called: “a practical twenty-first century development model that connects the dots among the key issues of our time: poverty reduction; job generation; inequality; climate change; environmental stress; water energy and food security.”Livelihoods, poverty reduction efforts and economic growth in Africa are highly dependent on the quality and availability of natural resources, and are thus extremely vulnerable to degradation of those resources and to climate change. Development efforts hence need to equally embrace economic, social and environmental sustainability as emphasized in the recently adopted ‘2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development’ as well as ‘Agenda 2063 – The Africa We Want’.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Life Below Water: Conserve and Sustainably Use the Oceans, Seas, and Marine Resources for Sustainable Development
The World Bank

Almost 90 percent of global marine fish stocks are now fully exploited or overfished, and wild capture fisheries struggle without sound regulatory frameworks and strong enforcement. The status of marine biodiversity is closely connected with ocean pollution and acidification. About two-thirds of the world’s oceans showed signs of increased human impact between 2008 and 2013. Goal 14 recognizes these broad challenges and seeks the conservation and sustainable use of oceans.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions: Promote Peaceful and Inclusive Societies for Sustainable Development, Provide Access to Justice for All, and Build Effective, Accountable, and Inclusive Institutions at All Levels
The World Bank

Goal 16 promotes just, transparent, and accountable governance, together with inclusive frameworks and peaceful societies.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Life On Land: Protect, Restore, and Promote Sustainable Use of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Sustainably Manage Forests, Combat Desertification, Halt and Reverse Land Degradation, and Halt Biodiversity Loss.
The World Bank

Human activity can have a detrimental effect on forests and other parts of the environment, and Goal 15 pledges to reduce or reverse these consequences to provide a more viable ecological platform for sustainable development.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
No Poverty: End Poverty in All Its Forms Everywhere
The World Bank
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2017
Chapters and Articles
Quality Education: Ensure Inclusive and Equitable Quality Education and Promote Lifelong Learning Opportunities for All
The World Bank

Goal 4 aims to make learning opportunities accessible to all. It also examines the quality of education, which plays a large role in sustainable development and poverty alleviation. Investment in human capital at various ages accelerates improvement in other areas.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Reduced Inequalities: Reduce Inequality Within and Among Countries
The World Bank

By providing a platform for sustained income growth among the poorer segments of society, Goal 10 aims to reduce inequalities between a country’s citizens and to promote shared prosperity and gains in wealth for all.


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2017
Chapters and Articles
Gender Equality: Achieve Gender Equality and Empower All Women and Girls
The World Bank

Goal 5 offers an opportunity to deliver transformative actions for addressing these constraints and for accelerating progress toward stronger economies.


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2017